El Hijo del Santo

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El Hijo del Santo
Hijo del Santo.jpg
Silver Mask and suit.
Birth name Jorge Guzmán Rodríguez
Ring name(s) El Hijo del Santo
El Korak
Billed height 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)[1]
Billed weight 82 kg (181 lb)[1]
Born (1963-08-02) August 2, 1963 (age 50)
Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal, Mexico
Billed from Tulancingo, Mexico[1]
Trained by Rafael Salamanca
El Enfermero
Debut February 6, 1982
Retired February 20, 2014

El Hijo del Santo ("The Son of the Saint"), is a Mexican professional wrestler, political activist and one of the most successful stars in Lucha Libre. He is the youngest son of the legendary professional wrestler, film actor and Mexican folk hero El Santo.

Professional wrestling career[edit]

"Santito", as he is often called, was the only one of his father's 10 children to become a professional wrestler. He began wrestling without his father's consent in February 1982 as "El Korak" but he made his official debut as "El Hijo del Santo" in October of that year after he earned his college degree in Communication Science per his father's request. He shared his father's look, the silver mask, tights and cape, and moves but he was shorter and, although he would never become the same cultural icon, he would become a better in-ring performer than his father.[2][3]

Early in his career, he was wrestled mainly for World Wrestling Association (WWA) (The Tijuana circuit) and Universal Wrestling Association (UWA) (a promotion that worked in the Mexico City area) but he did make his debut for Empressa Mexicana de Lucha Libre (EMLL) the promotion that later became Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL) in Arena Mexico in the summer of 1983. He also was voted "Rookie of the Year" in Mexico.[2]

He won his first title, the UWA World Lightweight Championship, on October 1985 and traded the title with Aristóteles.[4] He next feuded with Espanto, Jr. (whose father feuded with the original El Santo) and el Hijo del Santo took his mask. Espanto Jr. took el Hijo del Santo's title but el Hijo del Santo regained it in 1988 and took Espanto, Jr.'s hair as well after winning a Luchas de Apuestas (Spanish for "Bet match").[4] During this time, he also feuded with Negro Casas, who would become his most important opponent, and took his hair in a 1987 match in the Los Angeles Olympic Auditorium.

In 1990, he debuted in Japan for Gran Hamada's Universal Lucha Libre promotion and moved up a weight class by winning the UWA World Welterweight Championship as well as the WWA Welterweight Championship.[5][6] In late 1991, he left WWA and vacated the Welterweight title but continued to wrestle for UWA until the formation of Asistencia Asesoría y Administración (AAA).[6] El Hijo del Santo regained the WWA Welterweight title and brought it with him to AAA. One of the first feuds he was put in was again Negro Casas' youngest brother, Heavy Metal. Heavy Metal took el Hijo del Santo's WWA Welterweight title and won the Mexican National Welterweight Championship but el Hijo del Santo would come out on top of the feud and took both titles from Heavy Metal before he lost them again to another young star, Psicosis.[5][7]

His most memorable feud during his time with AAA was against the obnoxious American team, Los Gringos Locos. Eddy Guerrero's stiffer Japanese style offense, combined with "Love Machine" Art Barr's cocky mannerisms made Los Gringos Locos a very exciting yet hated tag team. During the feud, the played up the old Pareja Atómica tag team which consisted of the original El Santo and Eddie's father, Gory Guerrero. Eddie turned on Santo, leading to a hair vs. mask challenge for the AAA When Worlds Collide pay-per-view. The match was changed at the last minute when Barr pleaded with AAA officials to be included on the show which would be broadcast in the United States. The new match was a double hair versus double mask match with Santo teaming with Octagón against Los Gringos Locos. El Hijo del Santo and Octagón were victorious in the critically acclaimed match that would receive a 5-star rating from Dave Meltzer but it was the last stand for Los Gringos Locos. Barr died shortly afterwards and the rest of the group broke up abruptly. AAA owner Antonio Peña tried to run an angle with an evil version of El Santo called "El Santo Negro" who supposedly came from South America. When the other members of Santo's family objected, the feud was scrapped and El Hijo del Santo jumped to CMLL in 1995.

The mask of both Santo and his son

The object of the jump was to revitalize his feud with Negro Casas. El Hijo del Santo lost a match to Casas at the CMLL 63rd Anniversary show on September 20, 1996 and took a brief hiatus.[8] While gone, Negro Casas turned técnico (face) and his former allies, Scorpio, Jr. and Bestia Salvaje said they had a surprise for Casas. In a shocking angle, the long time babyface El Hijo del Santo turned rudo (heel). The set-up was a trios match with Negro Casas, El Dandy and Héctor Garza on the face side against Felino, Scorpio, Jr. and Bestia Salvaje on the heel side. Felino was Casas' brother and when he came to the ring, he halted before entering and watched as his brother was attacked by Scorpio and Salvaje. The fans were expecting Felino to help his brother but Felino took off his cape and mask, revealing himself to be El Hijo del Santo in disguise.

The fans were irate and fist fights broke out in the crowd as El Hijo del Santo attacked Casas. The feud helped ease sagging business caused by the split with AAA and the downturn of the Mexican economy. The following week, the two trios had a rematch and both El Dandy and Negro Casas challenged Santo to a hair vs. mask match. The match was made a triangle match on December 6, 1996. Santo took El Dandy's hair in a bloody match in front of sold out crowd in Arena Mexico. The feud would continue until the 64th anniversary show on September 19, 1997 where Negro Casas and El Hijo del Santo faced off in a dramatic hair vs. mask match.[9] El Hijo del Santo won the match and began a slow face turn.

Although the angle was very successful and drew a lot of money for CMLL, El Hijo del Santo continued to wrestle as a babyface throughout the country, even teaming with Rey Mysterio in Tijuana. El Hijo del Santo began to be at odds with his heel allies, namely Scorpio, Jr. and Bestia Salvaje. Finally, in September 1998, the face turn was made official when El Hijo del Santo's partners, Villano III and Fuerza Guerrera turned on Santo. Scorpio, Jr. and Salvaje joined in on the beat down, leading Santo's next big feud.

Negro Casas and El Hijo del Santo began teaming together and chased Scorpio and Salvaje's recently won CMLL World Tag Team Championship.[10] El Hijo del Santo and Casas defeated Scorpio and Salvaje for the titles on February 5, 1999 by disqualification but El Hijo del Santo and Casas refused to accept the titles. The big match in the feud was a mask/hair versus mask/hair tag match between the two teams at CMLL's 1999 Homenaje a Dos Leyendas show. Santo and Casas were victorious and took the tag titles as well.[10] El Hijo del Santo had a brief falling out with CMLL management and the tag titles were vacated.[10] He returned and won the tag titles again with Casas from Los Guerreros del Infierno (Último Guerrero and Rey Bucanero) but later lost them back to Los Guerreros in 2002.[10] El Hijo del Santo took another sabbatical from CMLL with Perro Aguayo, Jr. filling in his spot on the roster. He returned to CMLL in the summer of 2004, initially to work with Místico to help him become a main eventer and to feud with Perro Aguayo, Jr. and his La Furia del Norte group. After the feud ended, he had a program with young Guerreros recruit Averno and they had a WWA Welterweight title match on October 22 where el Hijo del Santo retained and ended his tour with the company.[11]

El Hijo del Santo has continued wrestling as an independent worker doing shows all over Mexico. El Hijo del Santo even started his own promotion called Todo x el Todo. the Promotions man show so far was a "25 Year Anniversary Show" shown by Televisa, a testament to el Hijo del Santo's appeal as Televisa rarely show independent promotions. the show featured a Relevos Suicidas tournament where the losing teams advance until the finals where the final team would fight each other over who would unmask. El Hijo del Santo ended up unmasking Pentagón Black in the finals, which meant that he booked himself to lose three times during the tournament.[12] Around the time of el Hijo del Santo's 25th Anniversary the World Boxing Council (WBC) named el Hijo del Santo their "WBC Wrestling Champion" compete with title belt due to his "Significant accomplishments in wrestling".[13] While the title is technically an honorary championship el Hijo del Santo defended it several times in 2008. In 2008, El Hijo del Santo began running shows in London, England featuring independent talent from Mexico.

On May 11, 2013, El Hijo del Santo and his rival, Blue Demon, Jr., joined forces to win the Pro Wrestling Revolution Tag Team Championship from Brian Cage and Derek Sanders.[14]

On November 25, 2013, Santo announced a break to repair damage in his spinal area.[15] On February 20, 2014, Santo announced his retirement from professional wrestling, claiming that tests done on his spine had given discouraging results.[16]

El Nieto del Santo[edit]

In March, 2013 it was announced that one of Hijo del Santo's sons was going to travel to Japan to learn train in the Pro Wrestling NOAH wrestling school to prepare him for his wrestling debut under the ring name "El Nieto del Santo" ("The Grandson of El Santo"). The training will start in May 2013 and he will return to Mexico three months later for his official in ring debut. El Nieto del Santo will be the first masked wrestler to attend the wrestling school, in honor of the lucha libre traditions and anonymity of their enmascarados.[17]

Outside wrestling[edit]

El Hijo del Santo in a public ceremony in Tulancingo, Hidalgo.

Like his father, el Hijo del Santo has also crossed over into other media. He is the subject of a comic book published and appeared on the Mexican reality show Día de Perros. He was also the star of a 5 episode animated series on the Mexican version of Cartoon Network titled Santo Contra Los Clones (Santo Vs The Clones). In 2007, he became a spokesperson for Wildcoast, an environmental non-profit organization, and campaigned to save sea turtles on the Gulf of Mexico from extinction. He has also been involved in gray whale campaigns and Tijuana clean-ups on behalf of Wildcoast.[18]

In films[edit]

Hijo del Santo has appeared in several films, first with his father and then on his own or with other famous luchadores. In 2000 he starred in the film Infraterrestre, which received positive reviews from critics such as the respected Mexican film critic, David Wilt.[19] In 2007 he appeared in the film Mil Mascaras vs. the Aztec Mummy (also known as Mil Mascaras: Resurrection),[20] which also received positive reviews.[21]

In wrestling[edit]

El Hijo del Santo (in front, in silver costume) versus Blue Demon, Jr.

Championships and accomplishments[edit]

Luchas de Apuestas record[edit]

Wager Winner Loser Location Date Notes
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Pierroth Veracruz, Veracruz October 31, 1982 [2][3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Buitre Pachuca, Hidalgo July 28, 1983 [2][3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Lobo Rubio Veracruz, Veracruz October 28, 1983 [2][3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Galáctico Pachuca, Hidalgo February 26, 1984 [2][3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Chamaco Castro Panama City, Panama September 4, 1984 [2][3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo El Guerrero Acapulco, Guerrero January 27, 1985 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo El Porro Tijuana, Baja California February 26, 1985 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Ray Richard Naucalpan, Mexico State March 17, 1985 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Diluvio Texcoco, Mexico State March 23, 1985 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Cosmonauta Apatlaco, Mexico State March 30, 1985 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Aristóteles I Naucalpan, Mexico State July 28, 1985 [29]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Tornado Negro Tijuana, Baja California August 9, 1985 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Aristóteles II Acapulco, Guerrero November 27, 1985 [29]
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Ninja Tijuana, Baja California December 13, 1985 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Ray Tony Veracruz, Veracruz December 18, 1985 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Skeletor Monterrey, Nuevo León December 22, 1985 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Aristóteles I Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua March 9, 1986 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Espanto, Jr. Monterrey, Nuevo León August 31, 1986 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Kato Kung Lee Tijuana, Baja California August 31, 1986 [30]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Flama Azul Nezahualcoyotl, Mexico State January 30, 1987 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Black Terry Irapuato, Guanajuato March 9, 1987 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Ray Richard Morelia, Michoacán April 1987 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Lobo Rubio Naucalpan, Mexico State June 7, 1987 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Negro Casas Los Angeles, California, USA July 18, 1987 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Espanto, Jr. Torreón, Coahuila August 2, 1987 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Silver King Tijuana, Baja California November 13, 1987 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Principe Island Apatlaco, Mexico State November 21, 1987 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo El Estudiante Mexicali, Baja California March 28, 1988 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo El Tarahumara Saltillo, Coahuila April 9, 1988 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Espanto, Jr. Monterrey, Nuevo León May 8, 1988 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo León Chino Tijuana, Baja California August 19, 1988 [31]
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Brujo San Lorenzo, Mexico State October 22, 1988 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Cuchillo Naucalpan, Mexico State October 30, 1988 [32]
Hair El Hijo del Santo El Brujo San Lorenzo, Mexico State November 26, 1988 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Starman Cancún, Quintana Roo December 2, 1988 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo La Momia Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca March 26, 1989 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Masdek Tijuana, Baja California May 19, 1989 [Note 1][3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Espanto, Jr. Naucalpan, Mexico State September 17, 1989 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo All Star Mexico City, Mexico December 8, 1989 [Note 2][33]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Tornado Negro Tijuana, Baja California February 9, 1990 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Brazo de Oro Naucalpan, Mexico State January 13, 1991 [29]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Black Shadow, Jr. Monterrey, Nuevo León December 15, 1991 [Note 3][34]
Hairs El Hijo del Santo and Octagón La Pareja del Terror
(Art Barr and Eddy Guerrero)
Los Angeles, California, USA November 6, 1994 At AAA When Worlds Collide.[3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo El Dandy Mexico City, Mexico December 6, 1996 [Note 4][29]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Negro Casas Mexico City, Mexico September 19, 1997 At the CMLL 64th Anniversary Show[3][9]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Guerrero del Futuro Mexico City, Mexico July 17, 1998 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Gacela del Ring Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua September 28, 1998 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Gacela del Ring Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua December 6, 1998 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Asterisco Reynosa, Tamaulipas December 20, 1998 [Note 5][3]
Mask and Hair El Hijo del Santo and Negro Casas Scorpio, Jr. and Bestia Salvaje Mexico City, Mexico March 19, 1999 [Note 6][29]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Misterioso Anaheim, California, USA September 5, 1999 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Nuevo Huracán Ramírez, Jr. Celaya, Guanajuato February 2, 2000 [Note 7][3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Dr. Cerebro Naucalpan, Mexico State March 1, 2001 [29]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Nicho "el Millonario" Tijuana, Baja California April 6, 2001 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Scorpio, Jr. Naucalpan, Mexico State December 19, 2002 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Super Parka Tijuana, Baja California October 9, 2003 [29]
Mask El Hijo del Santo El Hijo del Cobarde Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua February 29, 2004 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo El Dandy Tijuana, Baja California October 29, 2004 [3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Scorpio, Jr. Los Angeles, California, USA July 16, 2005 [3]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Cyber Vikingo Monterrey, Nuevo León August 21, 2005 [Note 8][3]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Mano Negra Tijuana, Baja California November 26, 2006 [29]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Cassandro Los Angeles, California, USA July 14, 2007 [Note 9]
Hair El Hijo del Santo Mano Negra Tijuana, Baja California November 26, 2006 [Note 10][12]
Mask El Hijo del Santo Ángel Blanco, Jr Mexico City, Mexico March 31, 2012 [35]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Three way match that also included León Chino.
  2. ^ Three way match that also included Fuerza Guerrera.
  3. ^ Relevos Suicidas match with Black Shadow, Jr. and El Hijo del Santo vs. Octagón and Fuerza Guerrera.
  4. ^ Three way match that also included Negro Casas.
  5. ^ Three Way match that also included El Felino.
  6. ^ In the main event of the 1999 Homenaje a Dos Leyendas: El Santo y Salvador Lutteroth show.
  7. ^ Relevos Suicidas match with El Hijo del Santo and Huracán Ramírez Jr. vs. Blue Panther and Fuerza Guerrera.
  8. ^ Six way cage match also featuring Centurion Negro, Diluvio Negro I, Gato Volador and Silver Star.
  9. ^ Steel cage match with Rey Misterio, Sr., El Hijo de Rey Misterio, L.A. Park, Nicho, Pentagon Black and Gran Hamada.
  10. ^ 8 team losers advance tournament finals.

References[edit]

General
  • "Lucha Libre: Conoce la historia de las leyendas de cuadrilátero". El Hijo del Santo (1963) (in Spanish) (Mexico). 2008. p. 31. Grandes Figuras de la Lucha Libre. 
  • "Luchas 2000". El Hijo del Santo y sus Victimas (in Spanish) (Juárez, Mexico: Publicaciones citem, S.A. de C.V.). pp. 8–11. Especial 30. 
Specific
  1. ^ a b c "Statistics for Professional wrestlers". PWI Presents: 2008 Wrestling Almanak and book of facts (Kappa Publications). pp. 66–79. 2008 Edition. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Lucha Libre: Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers Inc, New York. 2005. pp. 296–297. ISBN 1-933045-05-1. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Madigan, Dan (2007). Mondo Lucha a Go-Go: the bizarre and honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. pp. 71–78 and 125–130. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  4. ^ a b c Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 397. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  5. ^ a b c Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 398. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  6. ^ a b c Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 400. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  7. ^ a b Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. pp. 392–393. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  8. ^ "CMLL Anniversary 51-75". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  9. ^ a b "CMLL Anniversary 51-75". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 396. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  11. ^ a b "Pro Wrestling llustrated 500 - 2004 :14 El Hijo del Santo". Pro Wrestling Illustrated (Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, USA: Sports and Entertainment publications LLC). October 2004. p. 22. December 2004. 
  12. ^ a b "Todo X el Todo". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  13. ^ a b "El Hijo del Santo recibe el cinturón del CMB". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  14. ^ http://superluchas.net/2013/05/12/elhijodelsanto-y-bluedemonjr-son-los-nuevos-campeones-en-pareja-de-pwrrevolution/
  15. ^ http://www.pwinsider.com/ViewArticle.php?id=81808
  16. ^ Meltzer, Dave (February 20, 2014). "Thurs. update: One of era's biggest legend, Santo, forced to retire, RVD on WWE return, Raw return". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Pro Wrestling NOAH: Se anuncia la llegada de El Nieto del Santo". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). March 7, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2013. 
  18. ^ "BBC News Player - Mexican Wrestler's turtle bid". BBC News. 2007-07-21. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  19. ^ "Santo, el Enmascarado de Plata: Infraterrestre". Dave Wilt. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  20. ^ "Mill Mascaras versus the Aztec Mummy's official website". Osmium Entertainment. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  21. ^ "Mill Mascaras: Resurrection - MJSimpson.co.uk". www.mjsimpson.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  22. ^ "Pro Wrestling Illustrated 500 - 2008: 85 Hijo del Santo". Pro Wrestling Illustrated (Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, U.S.: Sports and Entertainment publications LLC). August 2008. p. 72. October 2008. 
  23. ^ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  24. ^ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 392. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  25. ^ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 394. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  26. ^ Flores, Manuel (July 18, 2008). "Histórico de ganadores del torneo: La Gran Alternativa". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved September 5, 2009. 
  27. ^ "Gran Prix Tournament 1995". Pro Wrestling History. July 7, 1995. Retrieved August 30, 2009. 
  28. ^ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Santo, Hijo (in Spanish) (Mexico). October 2007. pp. 31–32. Tomo IV. 
  30. ^ "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Kato Kung Lee (in Spanish) (Mexico). October 2007. p. 4. Tomo III. 
  31. ^ "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". León Chino (in Spanish) (Mexico). October 2007. p. 15. Tomo III. 
  32. ^ "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Cuchillo (in Spanish) (Mexico). July 2007. p. 61. Tomo I. 
  33. ^ "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". All Star (in Spanish) (Mexico). July 2007. p. 9. Tomo I. 
  34. ^ "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Black Shadow Jr. (in Spanish) (Mexico). July 2007. pp. 33–34. Tomo I. 
  35. ^ Boutwell, Josh (2012-04-01). "Viva La Raza! Lucha Weekly". WrestleView. Retrieved 2012-04-01. 

External links[edit]