El Goléa

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El Goléa
القلعة
Commune and town
El Ménia
View of El_Goléa
View of El_Goléa
Location of El Goléa commune within Ghardaïa Province
Location of El Goléa commune within Ghardaïa Province
El Goléa is located in Algeria
El Goléa
El Goléa
Location of El Goléa within Algeria
Coordinates: 30°35′N 2°53′E / 30.583°N 2.883°E / 30.583; 2.883
Country  Algeria
Province Ghardaïa Province
District El Ménia District
Elevation 380 m (1,250 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 40,195
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
The grave of Charles de Foucauld

El Goléa (Arabic: القلعة‎) is an oasis town and commune, and capital of El Ménia District, in Ghardaïa Province, Algeria. The official name is El Ménia (Arabic: المنيعة‎); together in Arabic, the two names mean Impregnable Castle. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 40,195,[1] up from 28,848 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 3.4%.[1] The area is inhabited by the Zenete Berbers. El Goléa oasis grows many agricultural products. The grave of the French priest Charles de Foucauld is located in the town.

Geography[edit]

El Goléa is located almost at the center of Algeria, lying at the eastern border of the Grand Erg Occidental at an elevation of 380 metres (1,250 ft). The town is a gateway to the Sahara in the south, and has an estimated 180,000 palm trees within the oasis area.[citation needed] The oasis itself lies beneath an escarpment rising up to 200 metres (660 ft) above. Some of the largest continuous areas of Saharan sand dunes begin just a few kilometres to the west of the oasis.

Climate[edit]

El Goléa has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers and cool winters. There is very little rain throughout the year, and summers are especially dry.

Climate data for El Goléa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
36.5
(97.7)
39.0
(102.2)
41.6
(106.9)
44.2
(111.6)
47.0
(116.6)
48.7
(119.7)
50.0
(122)
47.4
(117.3)
42.1
(107.8)
36.0
(96.8)
34.0
(93.2)
50
(122)
Average high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
20.3
(68.5)
23.4
(74.1)
28.0
(82.4)
32.9
(91.2)
38.6
(101.5)
40.5
(104.9)
40.1
(104.2)
35.5
(95.9)
28.8
(83.8)
22.3
(72.1)
17.5
(63.5)
28.74
(83.73)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
12.5
(54.5)
15.8
(60.4)
20.3
(68.5)
25.2
(77.4)
30.7
(87.3)
32.6
(90.7)
32.3
(90.1)
28.3
(82.9)
21.7
(71.1)
15.2
(59.4)
10.5
(50.9)
21.23
(70.22)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
4.9
(40.8)
8.0
(46.4)
12.6
(54.7)
17.4
(63.3)
22.7
(72.9)
24.7
(76.5)
24.3
(75.7)
21.1
(70)
14.6
(58.3)
8.1
(46.6)
3.4
(38.1)
13.68
(56.63)
Record low °C (°F) −8.0
(17.6)
−5.0
(23)
−4.0
(24.8)
2.0
(35.6)
6.0
(42.8)
12.8
(55)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.1
(21)
−8
(17.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4.8
(0.189)
2.4
(0.094)
5.3
(0.209)
1.7
(0.067)
1.9
(0.075)
0.7
(0.028)
0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
1.0
(0.039)
2.5
(0.098)
5.4
(0.213)
6.2
(0.244)
32.2
(1.268)
 % humidity 52.0 45.5 34.7 30.3 28.3 23.3 18.3 21.8 32.7 41.8 50.1 56.6 36.28
Source #1: NOAA (1961-1990)[3]
Source #2: climatebase.ru (extremes, humidity)[4]

Transportation[edit]

El-Golea has good road connections along the N1 highway to Ghardaïa to the north and In Salah to the south. El Golea Airport is located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of the town's center.

Education[edit]

6.9% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 17.3% has completed secondary education.[5] The overall literacy rate is 81.4%, and is 85.4% among males and 77.2% among females.[6]

Localities[edit]

The commune of El Goléa is composed of 12 localities:[7]

  • Centre-ville
  • Taghit
  • Belbachir
  • Hoffrat El Abbas
  • Vieux Ksar
  • Badriane
  • Belaïd
  • Zouitel
  • Ouled Zid
  • Tin Bouzid
  • Ksar Belkacem
  • Oule Feradj

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population: Ghardaïa Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate Normals for El Golea". Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "El Golea, Algeria". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne. 19 December 1984. p. 1579. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 


Neighbouring towns and cities