El M'Ghair

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El M'Ghair
اﻟﻤﻐﻴﺮ
Commune and town
Location of El M'Ghair commune within El Oued Province
Location of El M'Ghair commune within El Oued Province
El M'Ghair is located in Algeria
El M'Ghair
El M'Ghair
Location of El M'Ghair within Algeria
Coordinates: 33°57′2″N 5°55′27″E / 33.95056°N 5.92417°E / 33.95056; 5.92417Coordinates: 33°57′2″N 5°55′27″E / 33.95056°N 5.92417°E / 33.95056; 5.92417
Country  Algeria
Province El Oued Province
District El M'Ghair District
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 49,793
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

El M'Ghair (Arabic: اﻟﻤﻐﻴﺮ‎) is a town and commune, and capital of El M'Ghair District, in El Oued Province, Algeria. According to the 1998 census it has a population of 49,793,[1] up from 40,228 in 1998,[2] and is the third largest town in the province after the capital El Oued and Djamaa. Its annual population growth rate is 2.2%.[1]

Geography[edit]

El M'Ghair lies southwest of Chott Felrhir, a large endorheic salt lake. Between the town and the lake there is an extensive palm plantation.

Climate[edit]

El M'Ghair has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers and mild winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Climate data for El M'Ghair
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
19.4
(66.9)
23.5
(74.3)
28.0
(82.4)
33.3
(91.9)
38.0
(100.4)
41.5
(106.7)
40.7
(105.3)
35.4
(95.7)
28.9
(84)
22.1
(71.8)
17.6
(63.7)
28.78
(83.79)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
13.3
(55.9)
16.8
(62.2)
20.8
(69.4)
25.9
(78.6)
30.8
(87.4)
33.8
(92.8)
33.3
(91.9)
28.7
(83.7)
22.5
(72.5)
16.2
(61.2)
11.9
(53.4)
22.07
(71.72)
Average low °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
7.2
(45)
10.1
(50.2)
13.7
(56.7)
18.5
(65.3)
23.7
(74.7)
26.1
(79)
25.9
(78.6)
22.1
(71.8)
16.2
(61.2)
10.3
(50.5)
6.2
(43.2)
15.42
(59.77)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
5
(0.2)
12
(0.47)
9
(0.35)
7
(0.28)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
2
(0.08)
9
(0.35)
12
(0.47)
12
(0.47)
10
(0.39)
87
(3.41)
Source: climate-data.org[3]

Transportation[edit]

El M'Ghair has a station on the Biskra-Touggourt railway line, which passes by the east side of the city. The N3 highway, which also connects Biskra to the north with Touggourt to the south, also passes through the city on the west side.

Education[edit]

5.4% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 18.0% has completed secondary education.[4] The overall literacy rate is 77.4%, and is 83.4% among males and 73.4% among females.[5]

Notable buildings[edit]

There are two mosques in the town; Mosque Akbar in the centre of the city and Mosque Atik to the west near the highway.

Localities[edit]

The commune of El M'Ghair is composed of four localities:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population: El Oued Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate data for: El M'Ghair". climate-data.org. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne. 19 December 1984. p. 1564. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)


Neighbouring towns and cities