El Paso County, Colorado
|El Paso County, Colorado|
Location in the state of Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 1, 1861|
|Named for||Spanish language name for Ute Pass|
|Largest city||Colorado Springs|
2,129.56 sq mi (5,516 km²)
2,126.45 sq mi (5,507 km²)
3.11 sq mi (8 km²), 0.15%
243/sq mi (94/km²)
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
El Paso County is the most populous of the 64 counties of the state of Colorado of the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau reported that the county population was 622,263 in 2010, greater than Denver County, which had previously been the most populous county. The county seat of El Paso County is Colorado Springs, the second most populous city in Colorado. The Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area comprises El Paso County and Teller County.
El Paso County is located in Colorado's 5th congressional district. Since its creation in 1871, El Paso County has typically voted for the Republican presidential candidate in presidential elections; the last Democratic nominee to win the county was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. The Democratic Party won El Paso County four additional times prior, and the Populist Party won in 1892, with General James B. Weaver.
In 2004, the voters of Colorado Springs and El Paso County established the Pikes Peak Rural Transportation Authority (PPRTA) and adopted a 1% sales tax dedicated to improving the region's transportation infrastructure. Together with state funding for COSMIX (2007 completion) and the I-25 interchange with Highway 16 (2008 completion), significant progress has been made since 2003 in addressing the transportation needs of the area.
In July 1858, gold was discovered along the South Platte River in Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory. This discovery precipitated the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. Many residents of the mining region felt disconnected from the remote territorial governments of Kansas and Nebraska, so they voted to form their own Territory of Jefferson on 1859-10-24. The following month, the Jefferson Territorial Legislature organized 12 counties for the new territory including El Paso County. El Paso County was named for the Spanish language name for Ute Pass north of Pikes Peak. Colorado City served as the county seat of El Paso County.
The Jefferson Territory never received federal sanction, but on 1861-02-28, U.S. President James Buchanan signed an act organizing the Territory of Colorado. El Paso County was one of the original 17 counties created by the Colorado legislature on November 1, 1861. Part of its western territory was broken off to create Teller County in 1899. Originally based in Old Colorado City (now part of Colorado Springs, not today's Colorado City between Pueblo and Walsenburg), El Paso County's county seat was moved to Colorado Springs in 1873.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,129.56 square miles (5,515.5 km2), of which 2,126.45 square miles (5,507.5 km2) (or 99.85%) is land and 3.11 square miles (8.1 km2) (or 0.15%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Douglas County - north
- Elbert County - north and east
- Lincoln County - east
- Crowley County - southeast
- Pueblo County - south
- Fremont County - west
- Teller County - west
Major highways 
As of the census of 2000, there were 516,929 people, 192,409 households, and 133,916 families residing in the county. The population density was 243 people per square mile (94/km²). There were 202,428 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.19% White, 6.51% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 2.53% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 4.70% from other races, and 3.91% from two or more races. 11.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 192,409 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 32.50% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.
El Paso County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners. Its current members are Amy Lathen, Sallie Clark, Dennis Hisey, Darryl Glenn, and Peggy Littleton.
Cities and towns 
Census-designated places and unincorporated areas 
- Air Force Academy
- Black Forest
- Cascade-Chipita Park
- Cimarron Hills
- Fort Carson
- Rock Creek Park
Military sites 
- United States Air Force Academy
- Cheyenne Mountain
- North American Aerospace Defense Command
- Peterson Air Force Base
- Schriever Air Force Base
- Fort Carson Army Base
State park 
National forest 
Historic sites 
- Pikes Peak National Historic Landmark
- USAFA Cadet Area National Historic District
- Old Colorado City (National Register of Historic Districts)
- Manitou Springs (National Register of Historic Districts)
- American Discovery Trail
- Barr National Recreation Trail
- New Santa Fe Trail
- Pikes Peak Greenway
- White House Ranch National Recreation Trail
- The Incline
- Calhan Paint Mines
- Bear Creek Park and Nature Center
- Fountain Creek Nature Center
See also 
- Outline of Colorado
- Index of Colorado-related articles
- El Paso County, Jefferson Territory
- Colorado census statistical areas
- Colorado metropolitan areas
- Colorado municipalities
- Front Range Urban Corridor
- National Register of Historic Places listings in El Paso County, Colorado
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado" (PDF). Thirty-sixth United States Congress. 1861-02-28. Retrieved 2007-11-26.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "City of Colorado Springs - Demographics". Springsgov.com. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Contacts." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- "Council District Map." City of Colorado Springs. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- El Paso County Government website
- Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck
- Colorado Historical Society
||Douglas County and Elbert County|
|Fremont County and Teller County||Elbert County and Lincoln County|
|Pueblo County||Crowley County|