El Peñón de Guatapé

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
El Peñol de Guatapé
PiedradeElPeñol.jpg
Peñol de Guatapé
Elevation 2,135 m (7,005 ft)
Location
Location Antioquia, Colombia
Range Andes
Coordinates Coordinates: 6°13′25″N 75°10′42″W / 6.22361°N 75.17833°W / 6.22361; -75.17833
Geology
Type Granite dome
Climbing
First ascent Prehistoric
El Peñón as seen from the south.

La Piedra Del Peñol (Spanish for "The Rock of Guatapé"),[1] also known as El Peñol Stone or simply La Piedra (Spanish for "The Stone"),[2] is a monolithic formation located at the town and municipality of Guatapé, 1 km inside the city limits (86 km northeast of Medellín or 2 hours by bus) in Antioquia, Colombia.

History[edit]

The wide Antioquian rock base, called "batlolito antioqueño", and the "Peñón" were formed millions of years ago.

The Tahamies Indians, former inhabitants of this region, worshiped the rock and called it on their language "mojarrá" or "mujará" (rock or stone). This rock is located in the country area called "La Piedra", just 5 minutes from Guatapé Town, and can be reached by road.

On the northern face of the stone there are painted large white letters, "G", and an incomplete "U" (only the single vertical stroke was completed). Guatapé and El Peñol had long disputed ownership of the rock, and the residents of Guatapé decided to settle the matter by painting the town's name on the rock in huge white letters. It did not take long for the residents of El Peñol to notice the work, and a large mob was assembled to stop it. Only the "G" and part of the "U" were completed.

The rock was first climbed officially on July 1954. In 2006, Luis Villegas, Pedro Nel Ramírez and Ramón Díaz climbed the rock in a five-day endeavor, using sticks that were fixed against the rock's wall.[3]

A new species of plant was found on the top of the rock, subsequently named Pitcairma heterophila by a German scientist.

A viewing spot was built on top of the rock, where it is possible to acquire handicrafts, postcards, and other local goods. It is possible to see the 500 km shore-perimeter dam. There are 740 steps to the top of the viewing spot.

In the 1940s, the Colombian government declared it a "National Monument".[4]

Composition[edit]

The stone rises from the bottom of the hydroelectric dam of Peñol-Guatapé. This monolith was spotted as a border landmark between country farms and the two cities.

At its highest part, on the rear (southeast side), it has an elevation of 2,135 metres (7,005 ft) over sea level. with an average temperature of 18 °C (64 °F). The "Peñol" has 22 cubic megametres (7.8×1020 cu ft) of rock mass and it is 385 metres (1,263 ft) long, with an approximate weight of 66 million tonnes (65,000,000 long tons; 73,000,000 short tons). It has some rock breaks, one of which was used for the construction of the 650 stairs[5] that can be used to go to the top.

The Stone of Peñol is composed of quartz, feldspar and mica.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official Guatapé Site http://www.guatape-antioquia.gov.co
  2. ^ Jens Porup; Kevin Raub; Robert Reid (6 June 2009). Colombia 5. Lonely Planet. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-74104-827-8. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Author, Alvaro Idarraga (2006). "El Zócalo", Guatapé: Museo Histórico de Guatapé.
  4. ^ Guatapé's Major Office
  5. ^ La Guía Verde Colombia: Actualizada Práctica Completa Para todos los viajeros. MICHELIN. 1 January 2011. p. 258. ISBN 978-2-06-716548-9. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]