El Ràfol d'Almúnia

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El Ràfol d'Almúnia
Municipality
Flag of El Ràfol d'Almúnia
Flag
Coat of arms of El Ràfol d'Almúnia
Coat of arms
Ráfol de Almunia-Mapa de la Marina Alta.svg
El Ràfol d'Almúnia is located in Spain
El Ràfol d'Almúnia
El Ràfol d'Almúnia
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 38°49′13″N 0°3′11″W / 38.82028°N 0.05306°W / 38.82028; -0.05306Coordinates: 38°49′13″N 0°3′11″W / 38.82028°N 0.05306°W / 38.82028; -0.05306
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Alicante
Comarca Marina Alta
Judicial district Dénia
Government
 • Alcalde Alejandro Pastor Furió (2007) (PP)
Area
 • Total 4.90 km2 (1.89 sq mi)
Elevation 88 m (289 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 692
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Demonym Rafolenc, rafolenca
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 03769
Official language(s) Valencian
Website Official website

El Ràfol d'Almúnia (Valencian pronunciation: [eɫ ˈrafoɫ daɫˈmunia], Spanish: Ráfol de Almunia) is a municipality in the comarca of Marina Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain.

It is situated in the northern part of the province of Alicante, and numbers some 635 inhabitants according to the 2007 Spanish National Census (INE).

History[edit]

El Ràfol d'Almúnia has Arab origins. It belonged to King Taifas of Dénia but under the conquest of Jaime the first, control passed to the Crown of Aragon and their local ruling families, first the Murs, then the Sapenas and more recently the Almúnia. In 1535, it was elevated to a fully fledged parish with the appointment of the first parish priest D. Antonio Aringo whose control also encompassed the sub-parishes of Benimeli, Sagra, Negrals and Zeneta. After the expulsion of the moors, El Ràfol was repopulated in 1610 by 123 inhabitants occupying 26 houses. In 1800 it had grown to 80 houses with 429 inhabitants. The parish church of Sant Francesc de Paula, was served by a priest and an assistant whose ministry also took in Benimeli, Negrals, Sagra, Sanet and Tormos. In the 17th century, El Ràfol lay at the centre of the area now known as the Rectoria, and also at the heart of the territory ruled by the Marquess of El Ràfol d'Almúnia. In 1693, Ràfol’s neighbour, Francesc Garcia, acquired fame through his oppression of feudalism in the Marina Alta.

Demographics[edit]

It has a population of 635 inhabitants (Spanish National Institute of Statistics (INE) 2007)