El Rio, California

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El Rio
census-designated place
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°14′21″N 119°9′32″W / 34.23917°N 119.15889°W / 34.23917; -119.15889Coordinates: 34°14′21″N 119°9′32″W / 34.23917°N 119.15889°W / 34.23917; -119.15889
Country  United States
State  California
County Ventura
Town founded 1875
Government
 • Senate Tom McClintock (R)
 • Assembly Pedro Nava (D)
 • U. S. Congress Lois Capps (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 2.024 sq mi (5.242 km2)
 • Land 2.024 sq mi (5.242 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 82 ft (25 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,198
 • Density 3,600/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93036 (Oxnard P.O.)
Area code(s) 805
FIPS code 06-22370
GNIS feature ID 1652703

El Rio is a small unincorporated census-designated town in Ventura County, California, USA, on the northeast side of the 101 Freeway and Oxnard, and south of the Santa Clara River. The population was 7,198 at the 2010 census, up from 6,193 at the time the 2000 census was enumerated.

The main thoroughfare in El Rio is Vineyard Avenue (State Route 232).

History[edit]

Early inhabitants of the area were the Chumash, a peaceful tribe who built canoes and milled the acorns. Their region extended from Point Conception to Santa Monica and back into the foothills as far as the Coast Range. One of their largest settlements was at nearby Saticoy, because of the bubbling springs that were found there.

On May 6, 1837, Juan M. Sanchez (1791–1873), a former Santa Barbara Presidio soldier, was granted the Rancho Santa Clara del Norte,[2] which contained 13,989 acres (57 km2) of land extending from the Santa Clara River south to the northern boundary of present day Camarillo, and from the present day 101 Freeway east to the west end of South Mountain.[3] Sanchez and his wife, Ines Guevara de Sanchez (1794–1862), had their adobe home built below the western slope of South Mountain, within a heavy group of eucalyptus trees at the east end of present day Rose Avenue, an avenue that was lined on both sides with tall eucalyptus trees.

The town was founded in 1875 and named New Jerusalem, California, by Simon Cohn (1852–1936),[4] a Prussian Jewish merchant who owned a general store at the location. The U.S. Post Office Department established New Jerusalem Post Office on July 26, 1882, and Cohn was appointed the first postmaster. The first one-room schoolhouse was opened in 1885.[5] Santa Clara Catholic Church was founded the same year though services has been conducted since 1877.[6] It was the first Catholic church to be built in Ventura County since the founding of Mission San Buenaventura 95 years earlier.[7]

Octaviano and Rosaria Moraga were early settlers who first came to county in the 1870s from Sonora, Mexico. Octaviano worked as the barkeeper at the New Parian Hotel in Ventura, and ran a boarding house they owned in Ventura. They eventually were able to buy land in New Jerusalem where Octaviano ran a livery stable. He also drove a two-horse stage between Port Hueneme and the Montalvo train station. His descendants were part of the El Rio community up into the 21st century.[8]

On February 14, 1895, the postal authority changed the name of the town to Jerusalem.[9] Four months later, they changed it to Elrio, one word. In 1905, they changed it to El Rio, two words, which means in Spanish "The River,"[10] aptly referring to the nearby Santa Clara.

The El Rio Post Office was discontinued on October 31, 1911. It was reestablished in 1953.[11] Until Rio Mesa High School was built on Central Avenue northeast of El Rio and opened in 1965,[12] El Rio students were bussed to Oxnard High School and later to Camarillo High School in Camarillo. The post office was discontinued again in 1966.[13]

Geography[edit]

El Rio is located at 34°14′21″N 119°9′32″W / 34.23917°N 119.15889°W / 34.23917; -119.15889 (34.239197, -119.158754).[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place (CDP) has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.

East and southeast of town, within the adjoining agricultural area, is the Santa Clara Avenue Oil Field, operated by Venoco, Inc.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[15] reported that El Rio had a population of 7,198. The population density was 3,556.5 people per square mile (1,373.2/km²). The racial makeup of El Rio was 3,495 (48.6%) White, 58 (0.8%) African American, 201 (2.8%) Native American, 73 (1.0%) Asian, 24 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 3,027 (42.1%) from other races, and 320 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,188 persons (86.0%).

The Census reported that 7,190 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 8 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,629 households, out of which 904 (55.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 940 (57.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 284 (17.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 164 (10.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 102 (6.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 14 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 181 households (11.1%) were made up of individuals and 79 (4.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.41. There were 1,388 families (85.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.47.

The population was spread out with 2,157 people (30.0%) under the age of 18, 930 people (12.9%) aged 18 to 24, 2,028 people (28.2%) aged 25 to 44, 1,421 people (19.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 662 people (9.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.6 years. For every 100 females there were 106.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.0 males.

There were 1,700 housing units at an average density of 840.0 per square mile (324.3/km²), of which 981 (60.2%) were owner-occupied, and 648 (39.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 2.8%. 4,223 people (58.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,967 people (41.2%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[16] there were 6,193 people, 1,467 households, and 1,273 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,961.2 people per square mile (1,532.8/km2). There were 1,491 housing units at an average density of 953.7 per square mile (369.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 47.60% White, 1.26% African American, 2.52% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 42.48% from other races, and 4.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 77.36% of the population.

There were 1,467 households out of which 45.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.7% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.2% were non-families. 10.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.22 and the average family size was 4.31.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 105.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $50,273, and the median income for a family was $56,339. Males had a median income of $35,041 versus $22,254 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,898. About 9.4% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ Ventura County Genealogical Society. "Spanish and Mexican Land Grants in Ventura County". Retrieved 2013-10-22. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: South Mountain
  4. ^ "El Rio [Ventura Co.]. California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names, Fourth Edition. 2004. p. 122.
  5. ^ "Rio School District Website". Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  6. ^ Storer, Mark (November 27, 2010) "Mass to celebrate milestone for Oxnard parish: Santa Clara is marking 125th year as church" Ventura County Star
  7. ^ Chawkins, Steve (November 30, 1989) "Plaque Marks Site of Area's First Church" Los Angeles Times
  8. ^ Moraga, Frank (April 20, 2008) "El Rio loses another link to historic past" Ventura County Star
  9. ^ "Post Office Opens After Four Decades." Los Angeles Times. Oct. 5, 1953, from Oxnard, Oct. 4. p. B 9.
  10. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 118. 
  11. ^ ibid.
  12. ^ "About Rio Mesa High School". Retrieved 2010-10-11. 
  13. ^ "El Rio [Ventura]." Durham's Place-Names of Greater Los Angeles: Includes Los Angeles, Orange and Ventura Counties. 2001. p. 58.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - El Rio CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]