Ela Township, Lake County, Illinois
|Established||November 6, 1849|
|• Supervisor||Lucy A. Prouty|
|• Total||35.9 sq mi (93.0 km2)|
|• Land||34.4 sq mi (89.1 km2)|
|• Water||1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)|
|Elevation||830 ft (253 m)|
|• Density||1,200/sq mi (460/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0428944|
The township form of government, modeled after the New England town meeting, was established in the United States after 1785, when federal legislation authorized states to create 36-mile (58 km) square township rectangles. In Lake County, Ela Township was established in 1835 with Lake Zurich as its principal settlement.
The function of the township is to manage roadways, provide care for the needy and establish land values for use by other entities, such as the county and villages.
Care for the needy is an important part of the township function. In Ela, general assistance to the poor through holiday baskets, support of county shelters, and substance abuse programs has been expanded under the current leadership of Supervisor Robert Grever. Aid to the elderly is provided by assisting Meals on Wheels, providing buses for the handicapped and seniors, and helping the Catholic Charities of Lake County. Youth programs like Omni Youth Services and post-prom activity programs are also given township assistance.
The township holds meetings every month to discuss budgets, problems, and outstanding business. The annual town meeting is held on the second Tuesday in April every year.
Ela Township covers an area of 35.9 square miles (93.0 km2); of this, 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) or 4.24 percent is water. Lakes in this township include Ashley Lake, Bresen Lake, Echo Lake, Forest Lake, Lake Germaine, Lake Louise, Lake Zurich and Leo Lake.
Cities and towns
- Barrington (northeast edge)
- Deer Park (vast majority)
- Forest Lake
- Hawthorn Woods (vast majority)
- Lake Zurich
- Long Grove (west half)
- North Barrington (east quarter)
The United States Census data from the year 2000 shows Arlington Heights, primarily in Cook County, extending slightly into the southeast corner of Ela Township (covering 0.00 sq mi), as well as the southwest corner of Vernon Township (covering 0.01 sq mi) directly to the east of Ela. However, the Lake County GIS shows an even smaller extension into Vernon Township and none into Ela.
- Fremont Township (north)
- Libertyville Township (northeast)
- Vernon Township (east)
- Wheeling Township, Cook County (southeast)
- Palatine Township, Cook County (south)
- Barrington Township, Cook County (southwest)
- Cuba Township (west)
- Wauconda Township (northwest)
The township contains three cemeteries: Fairfield, Lake Zurich and Saint Matthew Lutheran.
Airports and landing strips
- Honey Lake Heliport
- Rotor Swing Heliport
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Ela township, Lake County, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- Census map of Lake County
- Lake County Illinois Maps Online