Yelabuga

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Yelabuga (English)
Елабуга (Russian)
Алабуга (Tatar)
-  Town[1]  -
Elabuga ul kazanskaya.jpg
Kazanskaya Street in Yelabuga
Yelabuga is located in Tatarstan
Yelabuga
Yelabuga
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Yelabuga in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 55°46′N 52°05′E / 55.767°N 52.083°E / 55.767; 52.083Coordinates: 55°46′N 52°05′E / 55.767°N 52.083°E / 55.767; 52.083
Coat of Arms of Elabuga (Tatarstan) (2006).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of February 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of republic significance of Yelabuga[1]
Administrative center of town of republic significance of Yelabuga,[1] Yelabuzhsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2011)
Municipal district Yelabuzhsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Yelabuga Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Yelabuzhsky Municipal District,[2] Yelabuga Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 70,728 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 222nd
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded second half of
the 16th century
[citation needed]
Yelabuga on WikiCommons
The Devil's Tower (Şaytan qalası), a unique architectural monument surviving from Volga Bulgaria
Spasskaya Street
Gassara Street

Yelabuga (Russian: Ела́буга; Tatar Cyrillic: Алабуга, Latin: Alabuğa) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kama River and 200 kilometers (120 mi) east from Kazan. Population: 70,728 (2010 Census);[3] 68,663 (2002 Census);[5] 53,537 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

The former name of the city was Alabuga. Its history dates back to the 10th century, when a Volga Bulgarian border castle, the so-called Alamir-Sultan castle was built by Bulgarian Khan Ibrahim in 985 CE. The castle was built on the place of the legendary tomb of Alamir-Sultan (Alexander the Great "Macedonian"). The name 'Alabuga' originally referred to the tower of the castle, later the whole city was named Alabuga.[7] The castle was later abandoned, and its remains are now known as Şaytan qalası (Shaytan's castle). In the second half of the 16th century, a Russian village was founded on the same spot.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yelabuga serves as the administrative center of Yelabuzhsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the selo of Tarlovka, incorporated separately as the town of republic significance of Yelabuga—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Yelabuga is incorporated within Yelabuzhsky Municipal District as Yelabuga Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Oil industry is present in the town.[citation needed] In the 1990s, a Ford assembly plant operated in the town. In 2008, Sollers JSC built a new factory to produce the Fiat Ducato. There is also a factory for the production of household appliances: domestic oil electric heaters, electric meat grinders Italian group De'Longhi.

Public transportation needs are served by a bus and taxi networks. Plans for a trolleybus route are being discussed.

Notable people[edit]

The town is the birthplace of painter Ivan Shishkin. Nadezhda Durova, who, disguised as a man, was a highly decorated cavalry officer during the Napoleonic Wars died there in 1866. It is also where the Russian poet Marina Tsvetayeva committed suicide in 1941. The poet is buried at the municipal cemetery.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Near Yelabuga is the Nizhnyaya Kama National Park.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Yelabuga is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Order #01-02/9
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #22-ZRT
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ http://s155239215.onlinehome.us/turkic/10_History/Djagfar_Tarihi/DjagfarTarihiDictionaryEn.htm

Sources[edit]

  • Министерство юстиции Республики Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4 февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан». Опубликован: Официальный сайт правовой информации Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014 г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan. ).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №22-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Елабужский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №91-ЗРТ от 18 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Татарстан "Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Елабужский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №№18–19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #22-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Yelabuzhsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #91-ZRT of November 18, 2011 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Yelabuzhsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links[edit]