Elaeis oleifera

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American oil palm
Oilpalmmagdalenacolombia-2.jpg
American Oil Palm (Elaeis oleifera)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoeae
Genus: Elaeis
Species: E. oleifera
Binomial name
Elaeis oleifera
(Kunth) Cortés
Synonyms[1]
  • Corozo oleifera (Kunth) L.H.Bailey
  • Elaeis melanococca Mart. nom. illeg.
  • Elaeis melanococca auct., non Gaertn.
  • Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortés ex Prain
  • Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortés ex Wess. Boer

Elaeis oleifera is a species of palm commonly called the American oil palm.It is native to South and Central America from Honduras to northern Brazil.[2][3][4][5]

Unlike its relative Elaeis guineensis, the African oil palm, it is rarely planted commercially to produce palm oil, but hybrids between the two species are,[6] mainly in efforts to provide disease resistance and to increase the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in the oil.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List". 
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ Bailey, Liberty Hyde. 1933. Gentes Herbarum; Occasional Papers on the Kinds of Plants 3(2): 59, f. 32, 35–40, Corozo oleifera
  4. ^ Cortés, Santiago. 1897. Flora de Colombia : comprende la geografia botanica de Colombia, las leguminosas, la flora terapiutica, 1: 203, Elaeis oleifera
  5. ^ Kunth, Karl Sigismund. 1816. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.) 1: 307, Alfonsia oleifera
  6. ^ "Replanting diseased oil palm areas with Elaeis oleifera X E. guineensis hybrids at "La Arenosa" Estate in Colombia". Oil Palm News 18: 1–8. 1974. 
  7. ^ "Variation in the total of unsaturated fatty acids in oils extracted from different oil palm germplasms, Carmen E. Chávez and Francisco Sterling, ASD Oil Palm Papers, Volume 3 p. 5-8, 1991".