Elands are the largest African antelopes. Males range in size from 600 to 800 kg (1,300 to 1,800 lb) and may even reach a ton on rare occasions; females range from 400 to 600 kg (880 to 1,320 lb).
The meat of the eland contains more protein than cattle meat and less fat, and eland milk has a very high calcium level. For this reason, eland have undergone selection for meat quality and milk quantity in the Askaniya-Nova Zoological Park in Ukraine. However, domestication of the animal in Europe to take advantage of their nutritional value has thus far been unsuccessful. The common eland is farmed in some parts of Africa, where it is well adapted to local conditions.
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