Elba (village), New York
|• Total||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|• Land||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||761 ft (232 m)|
|• Density||680/sq mi (260/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0949446|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2009)|
Elba claims to be the "Onion Capital of the World." Torrey Farms, one of the largest farms in New York, is located in Elba with about 8,000 acres (32 km2). They also own about 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of muckland in Potter, New York, where they grow a large number of onions.
Elba is also host to its annual 'Onion Festival' on the first weekend of August. The Onion Festival draws the vast majority of Elba citizens and some people from neighboring towns in Genesee County and some, even, from all over New York. Among the events are the Fireman's Parade, Kiddie Parade, raffling of a car, (usually a new Mustang GT) and the crowning of an "Onion Queen"; 2012's Onion Queen was Jamie Marshall. All profits from the festival go towards the funding of the Elba Fire Department.
The site of the village was first settled in 1804, by John Roraback, a weaver. The village of Elba was incorporated in 1884. Previously, in 1882, an attempt to incorporate "Pine Hill" as the town's name lead to dissension and a lawsuit.
For a short time the town was actually called Pine Hill as derived from a Native American name for the area in which the town resided.
Elba was a stop on the Underground Railroad. There literally was an underground section, as there was a tunnel underneath Main Street between the inn and the home of its owner, Elias Pettibone, which is now collapsed.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.0 square miles (2.6 km²).None of the area is covered with water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 696 people, 245 households, and 190 families residing in the village. The population density was 684.2 people per square mile (263.5/km²). There were 258 housing units at an average density of 253.6 per square mile (97.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.41% White, 1.44% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 1.15% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.30% of the population.
There were 245 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the village the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $47,614, and the median income for a family was $51,042. Males had a median income of $40,156 versus $30,192 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,246. About 5.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.