Elbe-Elster

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Elbe-Elster
District
Brandenburg EE.svg
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Herzberg
Area
 • Total 1,889.4 km2 (729.5 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 107,649
 • Density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration EE, FI, LIB
Website landkreis-elbe-elster.de

Elbe-Elster is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Teltow-Fläming, Dahme-Spreewald, Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Meißen, Nordsachsen and Wittenberg. The district has a partnership with the Märkischer Kreis.

History[edit]

The district was established in 1993 by merging the former districts (Kreise) of Finsterwalde, Bad Liebenwerda and Herzberg.

Geography[edit]

The district is named after two rivers - the Elbe river forms the western border with Saxony, the Schwarze Elster ("Black Elster") is a tributary of the Elbe and runs through the district. The district is part of the Lusatia region. The fens along the Black Elster are a habitat of several rare animals, like kingfishers, beavers and otters.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Elbe-Elster:
Population development within the current boundaries
.[2]
Year Population
1875 89 046
1890 95 414
1910 116 632
1925 124 457
1933 129 274
1939 135 724
1946 175 945
1950 174 612
1964 156 012
1971 156 734
Year Population
1981 149 216
1985 147 731
1989 144 932
1990 142 679
1991 139 850
1992 139 065
1993 139 058
1994 137 947
1995 136 889
1996 136 286
Year Population
1997 135 624
1998 134 684
1999 132 873
2000 131 161
2001 129 066
2002 127 159
2003 125 526
2004 124 041
2005 122 031
2006 119 773
Year Population
2007 117 522
2008 115 560
2009 113 586
2010 111 975
2011 109 087
2012 107 649

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms was granted in 1995. The lion in the bottom left derives from the county of Meissen (see Saxony), to which the southern area of the district belonged historically. The black bars derive from the Saxony-Wittenberg county as the area around Bad Liebenwerda belonged there in the past. The red bars derive from the oldest coat of arms of Brandenburg, and the bull is the symbol for the Lower Lusatia area were the district is located.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Bad Liebenwerda
  2. Doberlug-Kirchhain
  3. Elsterwerda
  4. Falkenberg/Elster
  5. Finsterwalde
  6. Herzberg (Elster)
  7. Mühlberg
  8. Schönewalde
  9. Sonnewalde
  10. Uebigau-Wahrenbrück


Amt-free municipality

  1. Röderland

1. Elsterland

  1. Heideland
  2. Rückersdorf
  3. Schilda
  4. Schönborn1
  5. Tröbitz

2. Kleine Elster (Niederlausitz)

  1. Crinitz
  2. Lichterfeld-Schacksdorf
  3. Massen-Niederlausitz1
  4. Sallgast

3. Plessa

  1. Gorden-Staupitz
  2. Hohenleipisch
  3. Plessa1
  4. Schraden

4. Schlieben

  1. Fichtwald
  2. Hohenbucko
  3. Kremitzaue
  4. Lebusa
  5. Schlieben1, 2

5. Schradenland

  1. Gröden1
  2. Großthiemig
  3. Hirschfeld
  4. Merzdorf
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°36′N 13°26′E / 51.600°N 13.433°E / 51.600; 13.433