Eldred G. Smith
|Eldred G. Smith|
Smith in 1957 (age 50)
|Patriarch Emeritus /
Emeritus General Authority
|October 6, 1979– April 4, 2013|
|Called by||Spencer W. Kimball|
|Patriarch to the Church|
|April 10, 1947– October 6, 1979|
|Called by||George Albert Smith|
|End reason||Granted general authority emeritus status|
|Born||Eldred Gee Smith
January 9, 1907
Lehi, Utah, United States
|Died||April 4, 2013
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
|Resting place||Salt Lake City Cemetery
|Alma mater||University of Utah|
|Spouse||Jeanne Ness (until her death)
Hortense Child (1977–2012)
Eldred Gee Smith (January 9, 1907 – April 4, 2013) was the patriarch emeritus of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and held the calling of Patriarch to the Church from 1947 to 1979. He was the oldest and longest-serving general authority of the church at his death, although he had not been active in that capacity for many years.
Early life and education
Smith's father was Hyrum G. Smith, the Presiding Patriarch of the LDS Church from 1912 to 1932. The younger Smith graduated from LDS High School in Salt Lake City and later the University of Utah. From 1926 to 1929, he served as a LDS Church missionary in the Swiss-German Mission. Smith later served in several church positions, including high councilor and bishop of the 20th North Ward in Salt Lake City. From 1944 to 1946, Smith lived in Oak Ridge, Tennessee while working on the Manhattan Project and served as president of the church's branch in Oak Ridge.
LDS Church service
At the time of Smith's birth, a new Presiding Patriarch was usually chosen based on the principle of patrilineal succession. The 25-year old was unmarried and without a college degree when his father died in 1932, however. Believing that he was not ready, church president Heber J. Grant left the position vacant, and later appointed Eldred Smith's cousin, Joseph Fielding Smith, to be Presiding Patriarch in 1942. Joseph Fielding Smith's request to be released was granted by church president George Albert Smith in 1946.
Eldred Smith was selected as the next Presiding Patriarch in 1947. By then he had married, started a family, and worked at several professions including cleaning and painting the ceiling of the Salt Lake Tabernacle. Smith later said of his first days as patriarch: "There is no way to prepare for it, no instructions, no counsel. When I was first ordained, I went into my office, closed the door and didn’t come out for two weeks. Then a young man came to the door asking for a blessing and so I gave it to him." During his tenure as Presiding Patriarch, Smith's primary duty was to travel to areas of the world where there were no patriarchs in order to bestow patriarchal blessings upon worthy Latter-day Saints. For example, he gave 139 blessings in 16 days in Australia in 1966.
In 1979 Smith was released from active duties and designated patriarch emeritus. The reason for the change was noted in general conference: "Because of the large increase in the number of stake patriarchs and the availability of patriarchal service throughout the world, we now designate Elder Eldred G. Smith as a Patriarch Emeritus, which means that he is honorably relieved of all duties and responsibilities pertaining to the office of Patriarch to the Church." After his release Smith often spoke at firesides, where he displayed artifacts from Joseph and Hyrum Smith's lives.
Smith was considered an emeritus general authority of the church after his release. He remained an ordained patriarch and was still permitted to give patriarchal blessings. However, he was no longer sustained by the church as a "prophet, seer, and revelator" as he was from 1947 to 1979. On 9 January 2007, Smith celebrated his 100th birthday. He was the second general authority in the history of the church to reach the age of 100, the first being Joseph Anderson, who died in 1992 at the age of 102.
Smith died at his home in Salt Lake City, Utah, at age 106, having given almost 20,000 patriarchal blessings. He was the oldest and longest-serving general authority, although not active in that role for many years,  and the oldest living man in Utah, prior to his death. The LDS Church has not stated directly whether it will appoint a new Presiding Patriarch, though after Smith's death an official magazine of the church described him as "the last person to hold the position".
- Hartshorn, Leon R. (1972), Outstanding Stories by General Authorities, Vol. 2, Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, p. 223, ISBN 978-0-87747-369-5
- Stack, Peggy Fletcher (2013-04-05). "Longest-serving Mormon general authority dies at 106". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved April 05, 2013.
- Not to be confused with Joseph Fielding Smith, LDS apostle and later president of the LDS Church.
- "Patriarch to the Church: Released from Duties", Improvement Era 49 (Nov. 1946), 685, 708.
- After Joseph Fielding Smith's death, it was discovered that the patriarch had been involved in a homosexual affair with a 21-year-old U.S. Navy sailor, who was also a Latter-day Saint, and that this involvement prompted his request to be released: D. Michael Quinn, Same-Sex Dynamics among Nineteenth-Century Americans: A Mormon Example (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001 ISBN 978-0-252-06958-1) p. 370.
- Tanner, N. Eldon (November 1979), "The Sustaining of Church Officers", Ensign: 18
- Stagg, Jennifer (January 9, 2013), Oldest living Utah man celebrates 106 years, KSL
- Sarah Jean Weaver, "Elder Eldred G. Smith Dies at Age 106", Liahona, May 2013.
- Bates, Irene M.; Smith, E. Gary (2003) . Lost Legacy: The Mormon Office of Presiding Patriarch. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-07115-7. OCLC 53077386.
- Stack, Peggy Fletcher (30 December 2006), "Century Mark: Church leader with historic position nears 100th birthday", Salt Lake Tribune
|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles|
|New title||Patriarch Emeritus
October 6, 1979–April 4, 2013
Joseph Fielding Smith
April 10, 1947–October 6, 1979