Eleanor Friedberger (born September 2, 1976 in Oak Park, Illinois) is an American musician most famous for being one half of the indie rock duo The Fiery Furnaces, along with her older brother Matthew Friedberger. In the band she contributes the majority of the vocals both on record and during their live performances. Friedberger grew up singing with her grandmother Olga Sarantos and family in a Greek Orthodox Church. She previously dated Alex Kapranos of the Scottish rock band Franz Ferdinand, and the band's song Eleanor Put Your Boots On is considered by fans of both bands to be about her.
Friedberger released her first solo album Last Summer on 12 July 2011 through Merge Records. Friedberger released her second album, Personal Record, on 4 June 2013. 
Friedberger's brother Matthew dedicated his 2006 solo album Winter Women to her.