Eleanor de Braose

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Eleanor de Braose
Spouse(s) Humphrey de Bohun

Issue

Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford
Gilbert de Bohun
Alianore de Bohun
Margery de Bohun
Noble family de Braose
Father William de Braose
Mother Eva Marshal
Born c.1228
Died 1251

Eleanor de Braose (c. 1228–1251) was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father, who was the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, and of her mother, Eva Marshal, a co-heiress of the Earls of Pembroke. Her husband was Humphrey de Bohun, heir of the 2nd Earl of Hereford, by whom she had children, including Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.

Family[edit]

Eleanor was born in about 1228.[citation needed] She was the youngest of four daughters[1] and a co-heiress of the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, and Eva Marshal,[2] both of whom held considerable lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches and Ireland.[citation needed] Eva was one of the daughters of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke by Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke, daughter of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, "Strongbow".[3][4] Eleanor's three sisters were Isabella de Braose, Maud de Braose, Baroness Mortimer, and Eva de Braose, wife of William de Cantelou.[5]

While Eleanor was a young girl, her father - known to the Welsh as Gwilym Ddu (Black William) - was hanged on the orders of Llewelyn the Great, Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with Llewelyn's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales.[6] Following the execution, her mother held de Braose lands and castles in her own right.[citation needed]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On an unknown date after August 1241, Eleanor became the first wife of Humphrey de Bohun,[5] the son of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Lusignan. The marriage took place after the death of Humphrey's mother, Maud.[3]

Humphrey and Eleanor had the following children:

Eleanor died in 1251,[citation needed] and was buried at Llanthony Secunda Priory.[11] She passed on her considerable possessions in the Welsh Marches to her eldest son Humphrey.[12] Her husband survived her, married Joan de Quincy,[13] and died in 1265.[14]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dugdale 1894, p. 134.
  2. ^ Lundy 2010, p. 19081 § 190805 cites Cokayne 2000a, p. 462.
  3. ^ a b Lundy 2012, p. 63 § 623 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 22
  4. ^ Cawley 2012, "Humphrey [VI] de Bohun" cites Dugdale 1894, pp. 134,135
  5. ^ a b Cawley 2012a, "William de Briouse" cites Dugdale 1894, p. 134.
  6. ^ Cawley 2012a, "William de Briouse" cites several sources including Brut y Tywysogion (Williams), p. 319.
  7. ^ Lundy 2010, p. 19081 § 190805 cites Cokayne 2000a, p. 463.
  8. ^ Cawley 2012, "Humphrey [VI] de Bohun" cites Cokayne 2000a, p. 463 footnote g, citing Lambeth Library, Carew MS, no. 613, fol. 66.
  9. ^ Richardson 2004, p. 307
  10. ^ Richardson 2004, p. 734
  11. ^ Cawley 2012, "Humphrey [VI] de Bohun" cites Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. I (1834), XX, p. 168.
  12. ^ Cokayne 2000a, p. 464
  13. ^ Cawley 2012, "Humphrey [VI] de Bohun" cites Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 587, p. 187.
  14. ^ Cawley 2012, "Humphrey [VI] de Bohun" cites Dugdale 1894, p. 135

References[edit]