Eleanor of Castile (died 1244)

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"Eleanor of Castile, Queen of Aragon" redirects here. For the later Queen of Aragon by that same name, see Eleanor of Castile (1307–1359).
For other people named Eleanor of Castile, see Eleanor of Castile (disambiguation).
Eleanor of Castile
Anverso y reverso del sello de la reina de Aragón Leonor de Castilla y Plantagenet.jpg
Eleanor’s seal
Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure 6 February 1221 – April 1229
Spouse James I of Aragon
Issue Alfonso of Bigorre
House House of Burgundy
Father Alfonso VIII of Castile
Mother Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile
Died 1244
Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas near Burgos
Religion Roman Catholicism

Eleanor of Castile (?[1][2] –1244) was a daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England. She was Queen consort of Aragon by her arranged marriage to James I of Aragon.

Her mother was a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Eleanor’s sister Berengaria became Queen of Castile since their brother Henry I of Castile died with no issue and because Berengaria was the eldest of the daughters. Another sister, Blanche[3] became Queen of France by her marriage to Louis VIII of France.

Marriage[edit]

In 1221 at Ágreda, Eleanor married James I; she was nineteen and he was fourteen.[4] The next six years of James’s reign were full of rebellions on the part of the nobles. By the Peace of Alcalá of 31 March 1227, the nobles and the king came to terms. The pair were married for political reasons rather than love.

The marriage produced one son:

When the marriage was annulled in 1230, Alfonso was declared legitimate but his half siblings by James’ second wife Violant of Hungary inherited James’ kingdom when he died.

Later life[edit]

Eleanor became a nun after her marriage, she went to the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas with her elder sister Berengaria who had retired from ruling Castile and Leon. Both sisters died there, Eleanor died in 1244 and Berengaria died two years later. Both sisters are buried in the Abbey.

Burial[edit]

After her death, the corpse of Eleanor was buried in Monastery of Las Huelgas in Burgos.

Her remains were deposited in a tomb which is now placed in the Nave of Santa Catarina or the Gospel, and lies between containing the remains of Philip, son of Sancho IV and María de Molina, which is placed to the right, and containing the remains of Peter, brother of the former.

During the examination of the monastery of the strikes carried out in the middle of the twentieth century it was found that the remains of Eleanor, mummified and in good condition, lay in her tomb of limestone; the roof had two slopes and was smooth, although in the past was polychrome.

The coffin in which were the remains of the queen, whose mummy estaura measured 1'60 metres and was with his hands crossed on her chest, was wooden and devoid of cover, although there were still remnants of its shell and lysed cross made of gold braid studded, as well as clothing that was buried with the Queen, among which highlighted three of brocade garments in Arabic, which in the opinion of Manuel Gómez Moreno are similar to those found in the grave of Philip, son of Eleanor’s nephew Ferdinand III.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ González González, Julio El reino de Castilla en la época de Alfonso VIII. 3 vol. Madrid, 1960 Volumen I pág 211
  2. ^ Martínez Díez, Gonzalo (2007) Alfonso VIII: rey de Castilla y Toledo (1158-1214). Ediciones Trea, S.L. 272 págs. ISBN 978-84-9704-327-4 pág 51
  3. ^ Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium, "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria… secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis"
  4. ^ Gonzalo Martínez Diez, Alfonso VIII, rey de Castilla y Toledo (1158-1214)
  5. ^ Family of Eleanor
  6. ^ Crónica de San Juan de la Peña

See also[edit]

Eleanor of Castile
Cadet branch of the Anscarids
Born: circa 1202 Died: circa 1244
Royal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Marie of Montpellier
Queen consort of Aragon
1221–1229
Vacant
Title next held by
Violant of Hungary
Countess consort of Barcelona, Girona, Osona and Besalú
1221–1229
Vacant
Title last held by
Agnes
Lady of Montpellier; Viscountess of Carlat, in Auvergne, and Baroness of Aumelas
1221–1229