Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar
|Depiction of princess Eleanor on the family tree|
|Countess of Bar|
|Tenure||1293 – 12 October 1298|
|Spouse||Henry III, Count of Bar
m. 1293; wid. 1298
|Issue||Edward I, Count of Bar
Joan of Bar, Countess of Surrey
|House||House of Plantagenet (by birth)
House of Montbelliard (by marriage)
|Father||Edward I of England|
|Mother||Eleanor of Castile|
18 June 1269|
Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire
|Died||29 August 1298
Ghent, County of Flanders
|Burial||12 October 1298
Westminster Abbey, London
What evidence exists for her early years suggests that while her parents were absent on Crusade between 1270 and 1274, she became very close to her paternal grandmother, Eleanor of Provence, with whom she continued to spend a good deal of time. She was also close to her sickly brother Henry. On one Pentecost Eve, Henry and Eleanor were given two partridges for their dinner, for a special treat.
For a long period Eleanor was betrothed to King Alfonso III of Aragon. Alfonso's parents were under papal interdict, however, because of their claims to the throne of Sicily, which were contrary to the papal donation of the Sicilian throne to Charles I of Naples, and despite the Aragonese ruler's repeated pleas that Edward I send his daughter to them for marriage, Edward refused to send her as long as the interdict remained in place. In 1282 he declined one such request by saying that his wife and mother felt the girl, who had just turned 13, was too young to be married, and that they wanted to wait another two years before sending her to Aragon. Alfonso died before the marriage could take place.
Eleanor subsequently married the French nobleman, Henry III, Count of Bar on September 20, 1293. Eleanor's marriage to Henry made King Philip the Fair distrustful of him. Eleanor and Henry had at least two children:
Eleanor was credited with a daughter also called Eleanor, who supposedly married a Welshman named Llywelyn ap Owain. Henry VII, the first Tudor king of England, was recorded as their descendant. Whilst no contemporary evidence for this daughter exists, except several later recorded pedigree by the college of Arms, caution is excised as it is possible Tudor historians may have invented her to give Henry VII additional royal blood on his father’s side. Eleanor’s existence was not disputed by the Tudor and Welsh genealogists at the time.
She was buried in Westminster Abbey.
|Ancestors of Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eleanor of Bar.|
- Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy by Alison Weir
- Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, London, 1973, 197 & John Carmi Parsons
- genealogics.org Family of Eleanor of England
- Siblings of Edward II
- Balaguer, Víctor. Historia de Cataluña y de la Corona de Aragón. Barcelona, 1860, p. 698.
- Michael Prestwich, Edward I, (Yale University Press, 1997), 389.
- Weir, Alison. Queen Isabella: Treachery, Adultery, and Murder in Medieval England. Balantine Books, 2005.
- Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy by James Panton