Elections in Albania

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politics and government of
Albania

Albania holds elections on a national level for a legislature. The Assembly of Albania (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) has 140 members elected for four-year terms. The electoral system is closed list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's 12 administrative regions. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of 3 percent of votes, and pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of 5 percent of votes.[1][2]

This electoral system replaced a mixed-member system in November 2008.[3] Under the old system, 100 members were elected directly in single member constituencies with approximately equal numbers of voters. 40 were elected from multi-name lists of parties or party coalitions according to their ranking. The total number of deputies of a party or a party coalition was to be, to the closest possible extent, proportional to the valid votes won by that party or coalition on the national scale in the first round of elections. Parties that received less than 2.5% and coalitions that received less than 4% of the valid votes on the national scale in the first round of elections did not benefit from the respective multi-name list.

The change was criticised by the smaller parties, but supported by the two main parties. It was considered an important step towards Albania's European integration. Other changes included limiting the prosecutor general's term to five years, forcing an early election in case of a no-confidence vote and reducing the majority required to elect the president from three-fifths to half the MPs.[4]

The president is elected by parliament.

Albania has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and several other parties that are electorally successful.

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 28 June 2009 Assembly of Albania election results
Coalitions Votes % Seats
Total "Alliance for Changes" (Center - Right) 712745 46.92 70
Total "Unification for Changes" (Center - Left) 688748 45.34 66
Total "Socialist Alliance" (Progressive Left) 84407 5.56 4
Total "Pole of Freedom" (Conservatism) 27655 1.82 0
Law and Justice Party of Albania (Partia Ligj dhe Drejtësi) PLiDr 4865 0.32 0
Independent (Abdullah Adil Omurri) PAVARUR 756 0.05 0
Total (turnout: %) 1519176 100.00 140
Source: CEC

Past elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 3 July 2005 Assembly of Albania election results
Parties Votes PR % Seats
Constituencies PR Total
Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë) 104,796 7.67 56 0 56
Socialist Party of Albania (Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë) 121,412 8.89 42 0 42
ALDM-National Front (Partia Balli Kombëtar Shqiptar) 457,143 33,46 0 18 18
ALDM-Republican Party of Albania (Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë) - 11 11
ALDM-New Democratic Party (Partia Demokrate e Re) - 4 4
ALDM-Christian Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokristiane e Shqipërisë) - 2 2
ALDM-Liberal Democratic Union (Bashkimi Liberal Demokrat) - 1 1
ALDM-Democratic National Front Party (Partia Ballik Kombëtar Demokrat) - - -
ALDM-Albanian Democratic Union Party (Partia e Bashkimit Demokrat Shqiptar) - - -
ALDM-Human Rights Liberation Movement (Lëvizja për të Drejtat dhe Liritë e Njeriut) - - -
Social Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Socialdemokrate e Shqipërisë) 174,103 12.74 0 7 7
Socialist Movement for Integration (Lëvizja Socialiste për Intigrim) 114,798 8.40 1 4 5
Environmentalist Agrarian Party (Partia Agrare Ambientaliste) 89,635 6.56 - 4 4
Democratic Alliance Party (Partia Aleanca Demokratike) 65,093 4.76 - 3 3
Social Democracy Party of Albania (Partia Demokracia Sociale e Shqipërisë) 57,998 4.25 - 2 2
Unity for Human Rights Party (Partia Bashkimi për të Drejtat e Njeriut) 56,403 4.13 - 2 2
Non-partisans     1 1
Total 1,366,226 100.0 100 40 140
Source: OSCE The candidates of the Alliance for Freedom, Justice and Welfare (Aliansa për Liri, Drejtësi dhe Mirëqenie;;, Republican Party of Albania and allies) supported the candidates of the PDS in the constituencies, as did some of the informal PS allie with the PS candidates. Given the number of irregularities in the first ballot, re-elections were held in two constituencies in Shkodra and Lushnja on 21 August. These results have been included.
e • d Summary of the 2001 Assembly of Albania election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Constituencies PR Total
Socialist Party of Albania (Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë) 549,589 41.5 73 0 73
Union for Victory Coalition (Bashkimi për Fitoren) 487,314 36.8 25 21 46
New Democratic Party (Partia Demokrate e Re) 67,349 5.1 0 6 6
Social Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Socialdemokrate e Shqipërisë) 48,253 3.6 0 4 4
Unity for Human Rights Party (Partia Bashkimi për të Drejtat e Njeriut) 34,607 2.6 0 3 3
Agrarian Party of Albania (Partia Agrare e Shqipërisë) 33,993 2.6 0 3 3
Democratic Alliance Party (Partia Aleanca Demokratike) 33,718 2.5 0 3 3
Others 129,692 9.8 2 0 2
Total 1,323,900 100.0 100 40 140
Source: Republic of Albania: Legislative elections of 24 June 2001

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.electionguide.org/country.php?ID=3
  2. ^ http://www.osce.org/item/37843.html
  3. ^ http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1227096121.33/
  4. ^ Ex-communist Albania changes voting system in constitutional shake up - International Herald Tribune

External links[edit]