Elections in Andhra Pradesh

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For current assembly elections, see Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2014.

Elections in Andhra Pradesh state, India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Andhra Pradesh creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.

Andhra Pradesh electoral system[edit]

National Level Representation[edit]

Lok Sabha Delegation[edit]

Andhra Pradesh sends 42 Members of Parliament to the Lok Sabha. In the Indian general election, 2009, the Indian National Congress won a majority of 33 seats with the Telugu Desam Party taking 6 seats and TRS and the AIMIM taking 2 and 1 seats respectively.

Rajya Sabha Delegation[edit]

Both the houses of the state legislature jointly nominate Members of Parliament to the Rajya Sabha.

State Level Representations[edit]

Legislative Assembly[edit]

Andhra Pradesh legislature assembly has 294 seats. For the election of its members, the state is divided into 294 Assembly Constituencies in which the candidate securing the largest number of votes is declared elected. In the Andhra Pradesh Assembly Elections 2009, the Indian National Congress formed the state government having secured a simple majority of 156 seats.[1]

Legislative Council[edit]

The Upper House known as the Legislative Council has lesser powers than the Assembly and several of its members are nominated by the Assembly; others are elected from various sections of the society like Graduates and Teachers. Currently the Legislative Council consists of 90 members.

History of elections in Andhra Pradesh[edit]

The first general elections were conducted in India in 1956, for 249 constituencies representing 26 Districts. In 2009, the Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly has 294 seats representing 23 districts. From 1956 to 1958 the Andhra Pradesh Legislature was Unicameral and from 1958 when the Council was formed, it became bicameral and continued till 1 June 1985 when the Legislative Council was abolished and the Andhra Pradesh Legislature once again Unicameral until March 2007 when it was reestablished and elections were held for its seats as per THE ANDHRA PRADESH LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL BILL, 2004.[2]

Assembly election[edit]

Year Election Winning Party/Coalition Chief Minister
1956 First Assembly Indian National Congress Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
1957 Second Assembly Indian National Congress Damodaram Sanjeevaiah
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (2)
1962 Third Assembly Indian National Congress Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (3)
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
1967 Fourth Assembly Indian National Congress Kasu Brahmananda Reddy (2)
1972 Fifth Assembly Indian National Congress P.V. Narasimha Rao
Jalagam Vengala Rao
1978 Sixth Assembly Indian National Congress Marri Chenna Reddy
T. Anjaiah
Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
1983 Seventh Assembly Telugu Desam Party Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
1985 Eighth Assembly Telugu Desam Party Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (2)
1989 Ninth Assembly Indian National Congress Marri Chenna Reddy (2)
Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy (2)
1994 Tenth Assembly Telugu Desam Party Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (3)
Nara Chandrababu Naidu
1999 Eleventh Assembly Telugu Desam Party Nara Chandrababu Naidu (2)
2004 Twelfth Assembly Indian National Congress Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
2009 Thirteenth Assembly Indian National Congress Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy (2)
Konijeti Rosaiah
Kiran Kumar Reddy
2014 Fourteenth Assembly Telugu Desam Party Nara Chandrababu Naidu (3)

Lok Sabha elections[edit]

15 Lok Sabha elections have been contested in India since independence starting 1951. The elections held in Andhra Pradesh are listed below. It is worth noting that the 1951 election are results from Hyderabad state, since Andhra Pradesh gained statehood, after merging with Telugu speaking Madras, after that election.

Year Lok Sabha Election Winning Party/Coalition
1952 1st Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1957 2nd Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1962 3rd Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1967 4th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1971 5th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1977 6th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1980 7th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress (Indira)
1984 8th Lok Sabha Telugu Desam Party - 30/42; Congress-6
1989 9th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress - 39 (MIM-1, TDP-2)
1991 10th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1996 11th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1998 12th Lok Sabha Indian National Congress; Congress-22, TDP-12, BJP-4
1999 13th Lok Sabha National Democratic Alliance (TDP-29/BJP-6), Congress-5
2004 14th Lok Sabha United Progressive Alliance (INC-29/TRS-5), TDP-5
2009 15th Lok Sabha United Progressive Alliance (INC-33/PRP/AIMIM), TDP-6; Total seats - 42

In 2014, Andhra Pradesh was bifurcated into Telengana and Andhra Pradesh states. (TRS won 11 out of 17 in Telangana.)

Year Lok Sabha Election Winning Party/Coalition
2014 16th Lok Sabha National Democratic Alliance (TDP+BJP = 17/25), Jagan Reddy's YSRC - 8

History of political parties[edit]

The Indian National Congress (INC) won a majority of seats at the state level continuously from the formation of the state until 1983 when the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) formed by Actor N.T.Rama Rao, the first non-Congress government in the state. From 1984 to 2004, the politics of the state essentially was a two party system. The INC regained the state from 1989 to 1994. The TDP formed the state government from 1995 to 2004. In 2004, the present INC government was first formed.[3] This government is now in its second term having won the Assembly elections in 2009.The TDP forms the principal opposition party in the state assembly. The state has an ongoing sub-regionalist Telangana movement with the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) being formed in 2001 on this platform. The Praja Rajyam Party (PRP) was formed in 2008 by Telugu Film Actor Chiranjeevi that won the third largest number of seats in the 2009 state assembly elections.[1]

The Election Commission[edit]

Elections in Andhra Pradesh are conducted by the Election Commission of India whose state level head is the Chief Election Commissioner of Andhra Pradesh, the authority created under the Constitution. It is a well established convention that once the election process commences, no courts intervene until the results are declared by the election commission. During the elections, vast powers are assigned to the election commission to the extent that it can function as a civil court, if needed.

Electoral process[edit]

The latest election in Andhra Pradesh were conducted in 2 phases.[4] All citizens of India above 18 years of age are eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rolls. It is the responsibility of the eligible voters to enroll their names. Normally, voter registrations are allowed latest one week prior to the last date for nomination of candidates.

Pre elections[edit]

The Election Commission's Model Code of Conduct enters into force as soon as the notification for polls is issued. This places restrictions on the campaigning by political parties as well as prohibits certain government actions that would unduly influence the election.

Voting Day[edit]

The electoral process is the same as in the rest of India with Electronic Voting Machines being used for all Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections.

Post elections[edit]

After the election day, the EVMs are stood stored in a strong room under heavy security. After the different phases of the elections are complete, a day is set to count the votes. The votes are tallied and typically, the verdict is known within hours. The candidate who has mustered the most votes is declared the winner of the constituency.

The party or coalition that has won the most seats is invited by the Governor to form the new government. The coalition or party must prove its majority in the floor of the house (Legislative Assembly) in a vote of confidence by obtaining a simple majority (minimum 50%) of the votes in the House.

Voter registration[edit]

For few cities in Andhra Pradesh, the voter registration forms can be generated online and submitted to the nearest electoral office.

Absentee voting[edit]

As of now, India does not have an absentee ballot system. Section 19 of The Representation of the People Act (RPA)-1950[5] allows a person to register to vote if he or she is above 18 years of age and is an ‘ordinary resident’ of the residing constituency i.e. living at the current address for 6 months or longer. Section 20 of the above Act disqualifies a non-resident Indian (NRI) from getting his/her name registered in the electoral rolls. Consequently, it also prevents an NRI from casting his/her vote in elections to the Parliament and to the State Legislatures.

The Representation of the People (Amendment) 2006 Bill was introduced in the Parliament by Shri Hanraj Bharadwaj, Minister of Law and Justice during February 2006 with an objective to amend Section 20 of the RPA-1950 to enable NRIs to vote. Despite the report submitted by the Parliamentary Standing Committee two years ago, the Government has so far failed to act on the recommendations. The Bill was reintroduced in the 2008 budget session of the Parliament to the Lok Sabha. But no action taken once again.

Several civic society organizations have urged the government to amend the RPA act to allow NRI's and people on the move to cast their vote through absentee ballot system.[6][7]

Electoral reforms[edit]

Proposed Electoral Reforms by Election Commission of India

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.
  • Subrata K. Mitra/Mike Enskat/V.B. Singh. 2001. India, in: Nohlen, Dieter (Ed.). Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook. Vol. I. Oxford: Oxford University Press

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]