Elections in Colombia

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Colombia
Constitution

Elections in Colombia are regulated and controlled by the National Electoral Council which also gives information on elections and election results in for the politics of Colombia.

Colombia elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. The Congress' (Congreso) has two chambers. The Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) has 162 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation. The Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República) has 102 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation.

Colombia has a two-party system, in which it can be difficult for third parties to find success. Politicians from the two main parties tend to win elections when not confronted by strong challengers from their own party (in which cases their traditional opponents tend to win). Recent electoral inroads made by a number of independent candidates towards the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st, such as the elections of Antanas Mockus and later Luis Eduardo Garzón as mayors of Bogotá, amid a climate of perceived generalized dissatisfaction with the country's political background, have tended to shows signs that past electoral trends may be weakening and the potential for diversity could be increasing.[citation needed]

Electoral fraud, bribery, and other scandals that occur at both municipal[1] and federal[2] levels are part of Colombia's corruption problem.

Schedule[edit]

Election[edit]

Position 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Type Presidential (May)
National Congress (March)
Gubernatorial (October) None None Presidential (May)
National Congress (March)
President and
vice president
President and vice president None President and vice president
National Congress All seats None All seats
Provinces, cities and municipalities None All positions None

Inauguration[edit]

Position 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Type Presidential (August)
National Congress (July)
None Gubernatorial (January) None Presidential (August)
National Congress (July)
President and
vice president
7 August None 7 August
National Congress 20 July None 20 July
Provinces, cities and municipalities None 1 January None

Latest elections[edit]

2014 Presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 25 May 2014 and 15 June 2014 Colombian presidential election results
Candidates – Parties First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Juan Manuel SantosSocial Party of National Unity (Partido de «la U») 3,301,815 25.69 7,816,986 50.95
Óscar Iván Zuluaga - Democratic Center (Centro Democrático) 3,759,971 29.25 6,905,001 45.00
Marta Lucía RamírezColombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 1,995,698 15.52  
Clara López ObregónAlternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 1,958,414 15.23
Enrique Peñalosa - Colombian Green Party (Partido Verde Colombiano) 1,065,142 8.28
Total votes for candidates 12,081,040 94.01 14,721,526 95.96
Blank votes 770,610 5.99 619,396 4.03
Total valid votes 12,851,650 97.24 15,341,383 97.12
Null votes 311,758 2.35 403,405 2.55
Unmarked ballots 52,994 0.40 50,152 0.31
Turnout 13,216,402 40.07% 15,794,940 47.89%
Source: Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil, Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil

2014 Parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 March 2014 Chamber of Representatives of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of the U (Partido de la U) 2,297,786 16.05 39
Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) 2,022,093 14.13 37
Conservative Party (Partido Conservador) 1,884,706 13.17 27
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 1,108,502 7.74 16
Democratic Center (Centro Democrático) 1,355,358 9.47 12
Green Party (Partido Verde) 479,521 3.35 6
Civic Option (Opción Ciudadana) 467,728 3.26 6
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 414,346 2.89 3
Independent Movement of Absolute Renovation (Movimiento Independiente de Renovación Absoluta) 411,800 2.87 3
For a Better Huila (Por un Huila Mejor) 73,573 0.51 1
Others 375,587 2.6 0
Unseated 13
Total party votes 10,891,000 76.10 163
Blank votes 824,956 5.76
Total valid votes 11,715,956 81.87
Afro-Colombian Parties
Ebony Foundation of Colombia (Fundacion Ebano de Colombia) 58,965 0.41 1
Inclusion and Opportunities Movement (Movimiento de Inclusión y Oportunidades) 19,987 0.13 1
Others 73,346 0.57 0
Total party votes (Afro-Colombian) 159 523 1.11 2
Blank votes (Afro-Colombian) 77,538 0.54
Total valid votes (Afro-Colombian) 237,061 1.65
Indigenous Parties
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia) 28,360 0.19 1
Others 50,839 0.36 0
Total party votes (Indigenous) 79,199 0.55 1
Blank votes (Indigenous) 37,501 0.26
Total valid votes (Indigenous) 116,700 0.81
Grand total party votes 11,129,722 77.76 166
Grand total blank votes 939,995 6.56
Grand total valid votes 12,069,717 84.33
Grand total null votes 1,750,071 12.23
Grand total unmarked ballots 489,853 3.42
Turnout 14,309,641 43.57
Register voters 32,835,856
Sources: [3]
e • d Summary of the 9 March 2014 Senate of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of the U (Partido de la U) 2,230,208 15.58 21
Democratic Center (Centro Democrático) 2,045,564 14.29 19
Conservative Party (Partido Conservador) 1,944,284 13.58 19
Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) 1,748,789 12.22 17
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 996,872 6.96 9
Green Party (Partido Verde) 564,663 3.94 5
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 541,145 3.78 5
Civic Option (Opción Ciudadana) 527,124 3.68 5
Independent Movement of Absolute Renovation (Movimiento Independiente de Renovación Absoluta) 326,943 2.28 0
Total party votes 10,925,592 76.34 100
Blank votes 746,659 5.21
Total valid votes 11,672,251 81.56
Indigenous Parties
Indigenous and Alternative Social Movement (Movimiento Alternativo Indigena y Social) 45,964 0.32 1
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Independiente) 30.132 0.21 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia) 30,132 0.21 0
Others 60,829 0.39 0
Total party votes (Indigenous) 171,218 1.19 2
Blank votes (Indigenous) 138,716 0.96
Total valid votes (Indigenous) 309,934 2.16
Grand total party votes 11,096,810 77.53 102
Grand total blank votes 885,375 6.17
Grand total valid votes 11,982,185 83.72
Grand total null votes 1,485,567 10.38
Grand total unmarked ballots 842,615 5.88
Turnout 14,310,367 43.58
Register voters 32,835,856
Sources: [4]

Past elections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Investigan a 17 alcaldes por mal uso de recursos para invierno". El Tiempo (in Spanish). 7 September 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Colombia President's Aide Linked to Drug Money". New York Times. 27 July 1995. 
  3. ^ "2014 Parliamentary Election of Colombia". National Civil Registry. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "2014 Parliamentary Election of Colombia". National Civil Registry. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 

External links[edit]