Elections in El Salvador

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
El Salvador

Elections in El Salvador gives information on elections and election results in El Salvador.

Electoral system[edit]

El Salvador elects its head of state – the President of El Salvador – directly through a fixed-date general election whose winner is decided by absolute majority. If an absolute majority (50% + 1) is not achieved by any candidate in the first round of a presidential election, then a run-off election is conducted 30 days later between the two candidates who obtained the most votes in the first round. The presidential period is five years and consecutive re-election is not permitted, though previously elected presidents may run for a second, non-consecutive term.

Salvadorans also elect a single-chamber, unicameral national legislature – the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador – composed of 84 members (deputies) elected by open-list proportional representation for three-year terms, with the possibility of immediate re-election. Twenty of the 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly are elected on the basis of a single national constituency. The remaining 64 are elected in 14 multi-member constituencies (corresponding to the country's 14 departments) that range from 3-16 seats each according to department population size.

El Salvador has a multi-party system, although two political parties, ARENA and the FMLN have tended to dominate elections, with ARENA candidates having won four consecutive presidential elections until the election of Mauricio Funes of the FMLN in March 2009.

Schedule[edit]

Election[edit]

Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Type Gubernatorial (March)
National Congress (March)
None Presidential (March) National Congress (March)
Gubernatorial (March)
None
President and
vice president
None President and vice president None
National Congress All seats None All seats None
Provinces, cities and municipalities All positions None All positions None

Inauguration[edit]

Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Type Gubernatorial (June)
National Congress (June)
None Presidential (June)
National Congress (June)
None
President and
vice president
None 1 June None
National Congress 1 June None 1 June None
Provinces, cities and municipalities 1 June None 1 June None

Latest elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of the 10 March 2012 Salvadoran Legislative Assembly election results
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Nationalist Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista) 870,418 39.76% 33 Increase 1
Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional) 804,760 36.76% 31 Decrease 4
Grand Alliance for National Unity (Alianza por la Unidad Nacional) 210,101 9.6% 11 Increase 11
National Coalition (Concertación Nacional)1 157,074 7.18% 74 Decrease 4
Party of Hope (Partido de la Esperanza)2 60,486 2.76% 14 Decrease 4
Democratic Change (Cambio Democrático) 46,838 2.14% 1 Steady 0
National Liberal Party (Partido Nacional Liberal) 14,379 0.66% 0 Steady 0
People's Party (Partido Popular) 10,952 0.50% 0 Steady 0
Independents3 14,098 0.63% 0 Steady 0
Totals 2,215,589 100.00% 84
1Compared to National Conciliation Party in 2009.
2Compared to Christian Democratic Party in 2009.
3Five independent candidates. Percentage and votes are cumulative.
4A MP from Chalatenango that won, ran on a joint CN and PES ticket and got 17,072 votes, or 0.78% (counted here for CN).
Source: Supreme Electoral Tribunal
e • d  Summary of the 15 March 2009 Salvadoran presidential election results
Candidate – Party Votes %
Mauricio FunesFarabundo Martí National Liberation Front (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional) 1,354,000 51.32
Rodrigo ÁvilaNationalist Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista) 1,284,588 48.68
Total 2,638,588 100.00
Invalid votes 20,550
Total votes (turnout 61.9%) 2,659,138
Registered voters 4,294,849
Source: TSE 1, TSE 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]