Elections in Guatemala

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Elections in Guatemala include, on the national level, a head of state – the president – and a unicameral legislature. Guatemala's president and vice-president are elected on one ballot for a four-year term by the people. The Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) has 158 members, elected for a four-year term, partially in departmental constituencies and partially by proportional representation. Guatemala has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and a third party that is electorally successful.

Guatemala also elects deputies to the supranational Central American Parliament.

Schedule[edit]

Election[edit]

Position 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Type Presidential (September)
National Congress (September)
Gubernatorial (September)
None Presidential (September)
National Congress (September)
Gubernatorial (September)
President and
vice president
President and vice president None President and vice president
National Congress All seats None All seats
Provinces, cities and municipalities All positions None All positions

Inauguration[edit]

Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Type Presidential (January)
National Congress (January)
Gubernatorial (January)
None Presidential (January)
National Congress (January)
Gubernatorial (January)
President and
vice president
14 January None 14 January
National Congress 14 January None 14 January
Provinces, cities and municipalities 14 January None 14 January


Last elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 11 September and 6 November 2011 Guatemalan presidential election result
Candidates — Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Otto Pérez MolinaPatriotic Party (PP) 1,611,493 36.01% 2,300,979 53.74%
Manuel BaldizónRenewed Democratic Liberty (LIDER) 1,038,287 23.20% 1,981,003 46.26%
Eduardo SugerCommitment, Renovation and Order (CREO) 732,842 16.38%
Mario EstradaNationalist Change Union (UCN) 383,643 8.57%
Harold CaballerosVision with Values (VIVA) & Encounter for Guatemala (EG) 275,475 6.16%
Rigoberta MenchúBroad Left FrontWinaq,
Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG-MAIZ) & New Nation Alternative (ANN)
146,353 3.27%
Juan GutiérrezNational Advancement Party (PAN) 123,648 2.76%
Patricia de ArzúUnionist Party (PU) 97,381 2.18%
Alejandro GiammatteiSocial Action Centre (CASA) 46,395 1.04%
Adela Camacho de TorrebiarteAction of National Development (ADN) 19,038 0.43%
Valid votes 4,474,555 100.00% 4,281,982 100.00%
Blank votes 398,962 58,202
Invalid votes 219,713 124,934
Total votes (voter turnout: 69.38% / 60.83%) 5,093,230 4,465,118
Source: Tribunal Supremo Electoral[1]

Second round[2]

e • d Summary of the 11 September 2011 Congress of the Republic of Guatemala election results
Parties and alliances Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Patriotic Party (Partido Patriota, PP) 1,171,337 26.62% +10.71 56 +26
National Unity of Hope (Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza, UNE)
Grand National Alliance (Gran Alianza Nacional, GANA)
993,198 22.57% –16.571 48 –372
Nationalist Change Union (Union del Cambio Nacionalista, UCN) 417,935 9.50% +5.44 14 +10
Renewed Democratic Liberty (Libertad Democrática Renovada, LIDER) 390,319 8.87% +8.87 14 +14
Commitment, Renewal and Order (Compromiso, Renovación y Orden, CREO) 381,652 8.67% +8.67 12 +12
Vision with Values (Visión con Valores, VIVA)
Encounter for Guatemala (Encuentro por Guatemala, EG)
346,557 7.87% +1.703 6 +23
Winaq
Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity — Broad Left Movement
(Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca — Movimiento Amplio de Izquierda, URNG–MAIZ)
Alternative New Nation (Alternativa Nueva Nación, ANN)
141,938 3.23% –1.394 3 +15
National Advancement Party (Partido de Avanzada Nacional, PAN) 137,390 3.12% –1.46 2 –2
Guatemalan Republican Front (Frente Republicano Guatemalteco, FRG) 120,455 2.74% –7.06 1 –14
Unionist Party (Partido Unionista, PU) 118,788 2.70% –3.40 1 –7
Victory (VICTORIA) 71,501 1.62% +1.62 1 +1
Social Action Centre (Centro de Acción Social, CASA) 47,390 1.08% –3.81 –5
National Development Action (Acción de Desarrollo Nacional, ADN) 39,251 0.89% +0.89 ±0
National Convergence Front (Frente de Convergencia Nacional, FCN) 23,272 0.53% +0.53 ±0
Valid votes 4,400,983 100.00 158
Blank votes 351,659
Invalid votes 337,388
Total votes (turnout 69.34%) 5,090,030
Source: Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Guatemala (TSE) and El Periodico
1 2007: as two separate parties.
2 2007: UNE – 48 seats; GANA – 37 seats.
3 2007: only Encounter for Guatemala.
4 2007: URNG-MAIZ and ANN as two separate parties.
5 2007: only URNG-MAIZ.

2007 general election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 September and 4 November 2007 Guatemalan presidential election results
Candidates — Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Álvaro ColomNational Unity of Hope (UNE) 926,244 28.23% 1,449,153 52.82%
Otto Pérez MolinaPatriotic Party (PP) 771,175 23.51% 1,294,645 47.18%
Alejandro GiammatteiGrand National Alliance (GANA) 565,270 17.23%
Eduardo SugerSocial Action Centre (CASA) 244,448 7.45%
Luis RabbéGuatemalan Republican Front (FRG) 239,208 7.29%
Mario EstradaNationalist Change Union (UCN) 103,603 3.16%
Rigoberta MenchúEncounter for Guatemala (EG) 101,316 3.09%
Fritz García GallontUnionist Party (PU) 95,743 2.92%
Óscar CastañedaNational Advancement Party (PAN) 83,826 2.56%
Miguel Ángel SandovalGuatemalan National Revolutionary Unity–MAIZE (URNG–MAIZ) 70,080 2.14%
Manuel Conde OrellanaDemocratic Union (UD) 24,971 0.76%
Pablo MonsantoNew Nation Alliance (ANN) 19,377 0.59%
Héctor RosalesAuthentic Integral Development (DIA) 18,819 0.57%
Vinicio Cerezo BlandónGuatemalan Christian Democracy (DCG) 16,529 0.50%
Valid votes (turnout 60.5%/48.3%) 3,280,609 100.0% 2,743,798 100.0%
Blank votes 132,983 50,601
Invalid votes 208,260 101,214
Total votes 3,621,852 2,895,613
Source: Tribunal Supremo Electoral
e • d Summary of the 9 September 2007 Congress of the Republic of Guatemala election results
Parties and alliances Votes % +/– Seats +/–
National Unity of Hope (Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza, UNE) 721,988 22.81% +4.4% 48 +16
Grand National Alliance (Gran Alianza Nacional, GANA) 522,480 16.51% –7.8%1 37 –101
Patriotic Party (Partido Patriota, PP) 503,442 15.91% +15.9%1 30 +301
Guatemalan Republican Front (Frente Republicano Guatemalteco, FRG) 310,038 9.80% –9.9% 15 –28
Encounter for Guatemala (Encuentro por Guatemala, EG) 195,151 6.17% +6.17% 4 +4
Unionist Party (Partido Unionista, PU) 192,983 6.10% +0.7% 8 +1
Social Action Centre (Centro de Acción Social, CASA) 154,718 4.89% +4.9% 5 +5
National Advancement Party (Partido de Avanzada Nacional, PAN) 144,910 4.58% –6.3% 4 –13
Nationalist Change Union (Union del Cambio Nacionalista, UCN) 128,593 4.06% +4.1% 4 +4
Guatemalan National Revolucionary Unity–MAIZE
(Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca–MAIZ, URNG–MAIZ)
103,480 3.27% –0.9% 2 ±0
Authentic Integral Development (Desarrollo Integral Auténtico, DIA) 45,142 1.43% –1.6% –1
Democratic Union (Unión Democrática, UD) 44,488 1.41% –0.8% 1 –1
New National Alliance (Alianza Nueva Nación, ANN) 42,790 1.35% –3.5% –6
Front for Democracy (Frente por la Democracia, EL FRENTE) 28,798 0.91% +0.9% ±0
Guatemalan Christian Democracy (Democracia Cristiana Guatemalteca, DCG) 26,190 0.83% –2.4% –1
Valid votes (turnout 60.5%) 3,165,191 100.0 158
Blank votes 212,615
Invalid votes 244,082
Total votes 3,621,888
Source: Tribunal Supremo Electoral and Prensa Libre

1 In the 2003 election, the Patriotic Party was part of the Grand National Alliance, which has since become a party.

2003 general election[edit]

2003 Presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 November and 28 December 2003 Guatemala presidential election results
Candidates — Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Óscar Berger Perdomo - Grand National Alliance 921,233 34.3 1,235,303 54.1
Álvaro Colom Caballeros - National Unity of Hope 707,578 26.4 1,046,868 45.9
Efraín Ríos Montt - Guatemalan Republican Front 518,328 19.3
Leonel López Rodas - National Advancement Party 224,127 8.4
Fritz García-Gallont Bischof - Unionist Party 80,943 3.0
Rodrigo Asturias - Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity 69,297 2.6
Eduardo Suger - Authentic Integral Development 59,774 2.2
Jacobo Arbenz Vilanova - Guatemalan Christian Democracy 42,186 1.6
José Angel Lee - Social Participative Democracy 37,505 1.4
Fransisco Arredondo Mendoza - National Union 11,979 0.4
Manuel Conde Orellana - Social and Political Movement National Change 10,829 0.4
Total (turnout 45.8 %) 2,937,169 100.0 2,282,171 100.0
Valid votes 2,683,779 2,190,873
Blank votes 114,004 24,192
Void/Spoilt/invalid 139,384 67,106
Source: Tribunal Supremo Electoral

2003 Parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 November 2003 Congress of the Republic of Guatemala election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
Grand National Alliance (Gran Alianza Nacional) 620,121 24.3 47
Guatemalan Republican Front (Frente Republicano Guatemalteco) 502,470 19.7 43
National Unity of Hope (Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza) 457,308 18.4 32
National Advancement Party (Partido de Avanzada Nacional) 278,393 10.9 17
Unionist Party (Partido Unionista) 138,713 5.4 7
New National Alliance (Alianza Nueva Nación) 123,853 4.9 6
Guatemalan National Revolucionary Unity (Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca) 107,276 4.2 2
Guatemalan Christian Democracy (Democracia Cristiana Guatemalteca) 82,324 3.2 1
Authentic Integral Development (Desarrollo Integral Auténtico) 75,295 3.0 1
Democratic Union (Unión Democrática) 55,793 2.2 2
Social Participative Democracy (Democracia Social Participativa) 28,425 1.1 -
Transparency (Transparencia) 27,740 1.1 -
Total (turnout 57.8 %) 2,552,374 100.0 158
Invalid and blank votes 446,491
Registered voters 5,073,282
Source: Supreme Electoral Tribunal

Past elections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tribunal Supremo Electoral (27-09-2011) Acuerdo No. 1319-2011 - Resultados oficiales. Consulted: 2011-09-29.
  2. ^ Tribunal Supremo Electoral. (01/12/2011) Segunda Elección Presidencial. Resultados preliminares. Consulted: 2011-12-01

External links[edit]