Elections in Italy

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Elections in Italy

Italy elects, at the national level, a Parliament consisting of two houses: the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 members; and the Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) with 315 elected members, plus a few senators for life. The President of the Republic is elected for a seven-year term by the two houses of Parliament in joint session.

Italy has historically had many political parties, although they have usually grouped themselves into two main coalitions of the political left and right. As well as the national parties and coalitions, there are a number of regional parties (especially from the Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol), many far-left associations, and the Italian Radicals, whose allegiance is liable to change frequently.

The most recent Italian general election was held on 24 and 25 February 2013.

2013 election[edit]

A snap general election was held in Italy on 24 and 25 February 2013, after President Giorgio Napolitano dissolved parliament few months before, due to the resignation of the Prime Minister Mario Monti and his technocratic government. No absolute winner emerged from the election; the votes were divided into three parts: the centre-left alliance, Italy Common Good, whose major party was the Democratic Party, led by Pier Luigi Bersani, the Centre-right Coalition, led by Silvio Berlusconi with his People of Freedom party, and the anti-establishment Five Star Movement, whose leade was Beppe Grillo. On 24 April 2013, Napolitano, gave the task to form a new government to the Deputy-Secretary of the Democratic Party, Enrico Letta. On 28 April he sworn in as Prime Minister.[1]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Coalition Party Votes % Seats
  Pier Luigi Bersani:Italy. Common Good Democratic Party 8,644,187 25.42 292
Left Ecology Freedom 1,089,442 3.20 37
Democratic Centre 167,170 0.49 6
South Tyrolean People's Party 146,804 0.43 5
Total 10,047,603 29.54 340
  Silvio Berlusconi:Center-right coalition The People of Freedom 7,332,667 21.56 97
Lega Nord 1,390,156 4.08 18
Brothers of Italy 666,035 1.95 9
The Right 219,816 0.64 0
Great SouthMovement for Autonomies 148,534 0.43 0
Italian Moderates in Revolution 81,982 0.24 0
Pensioners' Party 55,050 0.16 0
Popular Agreement 25,631 0.07 0
Independents for a Fair Italy 3,238 0.00 0
Total 9,923,109 29.18 124
  Beppe Grillo:Five Star Movement 8,689,168 25.55 108
  Mario Monti:With Monti for Italy Civic Choice 2,824,001 8.30 37[a]
Union of the Centre 608,199 1.78 8
Future and Freedom 159,429 0.46 0
Total 3,591,629 10.56 45
  Antonio Ingroia:Civil Revolution 765,172 2.25 0
  Oscar Giannino:Act to Stop the Decline 380,937 1.12 0

Senate[edit]

Coalition Party Votes % Seats
  Pier Luigi Bersani: Italy. Common Good Democratic Party 8,400,255 27.43 105
Left Ecology Freedom 912,374 2.97 7
Democratic Centre 163,427 0.53 0
The Megaphone – List of Rosario Crocetta 138,581 0.45 1
Italian Socialist Party 57,688 0.18 0
Moderates 14,358 0.04 0
Total 9,686,683 31.63 113
  Silvio Berlusconi: Centre-right coalition The People of Freedom 6,829,373 22.30 98
Lega Nord 1,328,555 4.33 17
Brothers of Italy 590,083 1.92 0
The Right 221,112 0.72 0
Pensioners' Party 123,458 0.40 0
Great South 122,100 0.39 1
Italian Moderates in Revolution (MIR) 69,649 0.22 0
Movement for Autonomies – Party of Sicilian (MPA) 48,618 0.15 0
Intesa Popolare (Understanding People) 24,979 0.08 0
Popular Construction 21,685 0.07 0
Basta Tasse 19,298 0.06 0
Independents for a Fair Italy 6,769 0.02 0
Total 9,405,679 30.71 116
Beppe Grillo: Five Star Movement 7,285,850 23.79 54
Mario Monti: With Monti for Italy 2,797,486 9.13 18
Antonio Ingroia: Civil Revolution 549,987 1.79 0
Act to Stop the Decline 278,396 0.90 0

Graph of general election results[edit]

This graph shows the results of elections held in Italy from 1946 to today, with the percentages of consensus gathered by the various parties and movements displayed by color. Passing your mouse over the different colored sections will display the name of the grouping and the percentage in the corresponding election. Clicking on a region will direct you to the article on the party or election selected.

Graph of Italian general elections Birth of the Italian Republic#Referendum Italian general election, 1946 Italian general election, 1948 Italian general election, 1953 Italian general election, 1958 Italian general election, 1963 Italian general election, 1968 Italian general election, 1972 Italian general election, 1976 Italian general election, 1979 Italian general election, 1983 Italian general election, 1987 Italian general election, 1992 Italian general election, 1994 Italian general election, 1996 Italian general election, 2001 Italian general election, 2006 Italian general election, 2008 Italian Communist Party 18,93 Italian Socialist Party of Proletary Unity 20,68 Action Party 1,45 Italian Republican Party 4,36 Others Christian Democracy 35,21 National Democratic Union 6,78 National Bloc of Freedom 2,77 Uomo Qualunque Front 5,27 Popular Democratic Front 30,98 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 7,07 Italian Republican Party 2,48 Others Christian Democracy 48,51 National Bloc 3,82 Monarchist National Party 2,78 Italian Social Movement 2,01 Italian Communist Party 22,6 Italian Socialist Party 12,7 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,52 Italian Republican Party 1,62 Christian Democracy 40,1 Italian Liberal Party 3,01 Monarchist National Party 6,85 Italian Social Movement 5,84 Italian Communist Party 22,68 Italian Socialist Party 14,23 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,55 Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37 Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37 Christian Democracy 42,36 Italian Liberal Party 3,54 People's Monarchist Party 2,63 Monarchist National Party 2,23 Italian Social Movement 4,76 Italian Communist Party 25,26 Italian Socialist Party 13,84 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 6,10 Italian Republican Party 1,37 Christian Democracy 38,29 Italian Liberal Party 6,97 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,75 Italian Social Movement 5,11 Italian Communist Party 26,91 Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 4,45 Others Unified Socialist Party 14,48 Italian Republican Party 1,97 Christian Democracy 39,12 Italian Liberal Party 5,82 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,30 Italian Social Movement 4,45 Communist Party of Italy Marxist-Leninist 0,26 Manifesto 0,67 Political Movement of Workers 0,36 Italian Communist Party 27,15 Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 1,94 Italian Socialist Party 9,61 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 5,14 Italian Republican Party 2,86 Christian Democracy 38,66 Italian Liberal Party 3,88 Italian Social Movement-National Right 8,67 Proletarian Democracy 1,51 Italian Communist Party 34,37 Italian Socialist Party 9,65 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3,37 Radical Party 1,07 Italian Republican Party 3,09 Christian Democracy 38,71 Partito Liberale Italiano 1,30 Italian Social Movement-National Right 6,11 Proletarian Unity Party 1,37 New Left United 0,80 Italian Communist Party 30,38 Italian Socialist Party 9,81 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3,84 Radical Party 3,45 Italian Republican Party 3,03 Christian Democracy 38,30 Italian Liberal Party 1,94 National Democracy 0,63 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,26 Proletarian Democracy 1,47 Italian Communist Party 29,89 Italian Socialist Party 11,44 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,09 Radical Party 2,19 Italian Republican Party 5,08 Christian Democracy 32,93 Italian Liberal Party 2,89 Italian Social Movement-National Right 6,81 Proletarian Democracy 1,66 Italian Communist Party 26,57 Italian Socialist Party 14,27 Green Lists 2,51 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 2,96 Radical Party 2,56 Italian Republican Party 3,70 Christian Democracy 34,31 Italian Liberal Party 2,10 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,91 Communist Refoundation Party 5,62 Democratic Party of the Left 16,11 Italian Socialist Party 13,62 Greens 2,79 Others The Net 1,86 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 2,71 Lista Pannella 1,24 Italian Republican Party 4,39 Christian Democracy 29,66 Lega Nord 8,65 Italian Liberal Party 2,86 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,37 Communist Refoundation Party 6,05 Democratic Party of the Left 20,36 Italian Socialist Party 2,19 Greens 2,70 Democratic Alliance 1,18 The Net 1,86 Others Patto Segni 4,68 Italian People's Party 11,07 Lista Pannella 3,51 Lega Nord 8,36 Forza Italia 21,01 National Alliance 13,47 Communist Refoundation Party 8,6 Democratic Party of the Left 21,1 Greens 2,5 List Dini - Italian Renewal 4,3 Popular for Prodi 6,8 Others Lega Nord 10,1 Lista Pannella - Sgarbi 1,9 CCD - CDU 5,8 CCD - CDU 5,8 Forza Italia 20,6 National Alliance 15,7 Tricolour Flame 0,9 Communist Refoundation Party 5,03 Party of Italian Communists 1,67 Democrats of the Left 16,57 The Daisy 14,52 The Sunflower 2,17 Lista Di Pietro - Italy of Values 3,89 Lista Bonino 2,24 European Democracy 2,39 Others New Italian Socialist Party 0,95 Lega Nord 3,94 Whiteflower 3,22 Forza Italia 29,43 National Alliance 12,02 Tricolour Flame 0,39 Communist Refoundation Party 5,84 Party of Italian Communists 2,31 L'Ulivo 31,27 Greens 2,05 Rose in the Fist 2,59 Italy of Values 2,29 UDEUR Populars 1,39 Others of Union Others Others of House of Freedoms Lega Nord 4,58 Union of Christian and Centre Democrats 6,76 Forza Italia 23,71 National Alliance 12,33 Social Alternative 0,66 Tricolour Flame 0,60 Workers' Communist Party 0,57 Critical Left 0,45 The Left – The Rainbow 3,08 Democratic Party 33,17 Italy of Values 4,37 Socialist Party 0,97 Others Union of the Centre 5,62 Movement for Autonomy - Alliance for the South 1,12 Lega Nord 8,29 The People of Freedom 37,38 The Right–Tricolour Flame 2,428
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Past elections and referendums[edit]

Presidential appointment[edit]

Referendums[edit]

The constitution of Italy provides for two kinds of binding referendums.

A legislative referendum can be called in order to abrogate a law totally or partially, if requested by 500,000 electors or five regional councils. This kind of referendum is valid only if at least a majority of electors goes to the polling station. It is forbidden to call a referendum regarding financial laws or laws relating to pardons or the ratification of international treaties.

A constitutional referendum can be called in order to approve a constitutional law or amendment only when it has been approved by the Houses (Chamber of Deputies and Senate of the Republic) with a majority of less than two thirds in both or either House, and only at the request of one fifth of the members of either House, or 500,000 electors or five Regional Councils. A constitutional referendum is valid no matter how many electors go to the polling station. Any citizen entitled to vote in an election to the Chamber of Deputies may participate in a referendum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Incl. the Union for Trentino (UPT) party leader Lorenzo Dellai, who decided not to submit his own party list for the Monti-coalition, but opted to be a direct part of the Civic Choice list.[2][3]

External links[edit]