Elections in Libya

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya

On July 7, 2012, the National Transitional Council, in power since the Libyan civil war, supervised democratic elections for a 200 member General National Congress to replace the Council.[1] The assembly was to choose a prime minister and organize parliamentary elections in 2013.[1] A process to write a constitution was also to be determined.[1] Unrest driven by armed militias, ethnic minority and radical groups undermined the process and the government for the years following the overthrowing of Muammar Gaddafi. While internal apathy towards democratic reforms slowed the process, external bodies such as the European Union were still pressing for the establishment of a national dialogue to build consensus for the drafting of a new constitution to take place before the end of 2014.[2] Parliamentary elections were scheduled to be held on June 25, 2014 in a move aimed at stabilizing the country and quelling the unrest.[3]

2012 elections[edit]

e • d Summary of Libyan General National Congress election results, 2012
Parties Votes % Seats
National Forces Alliance 714,769 48.14% 39
Justice and Construction 152,441 10.27% 17
National Front 60,592 4.08% 3
Union for the Homeland 66,772 4.50% 2
National Centrist Party 59,417 4.00% 2
Wadi Al-Hayah Party 6,947 0.47% 2
Moderate Ummah Assembly 21,825 1.47% 1
Authenticity and Renewal 18,745 1.26% 1
National Party For Development and Welfare 17,158 1.16% 1
Al-Hekma (Wisdom) Party 17,129 1.15% 1
Authenticity and Progress 13,679 0.92% 1
Libyan National Democratic Party 13,092 0.88% 1
National Parties Alliance 12,735 0.86% 1
Ar-Resalah (The Message) 7,860 0.53% 1
Centrist Youth Party 7,319 0.49% 1
Libya Al-'Amal (Libya – The Hope) 6,093 0.41% 1
Labaika National Party 3,472 0.23% 1
Libyan Party for Liberty and Development 2,691 0.18% 1
Arrakeeza (The Foundation) 1,525 0.10% 1
Nation and Prosperity 1,400 0.09% 1
National Party of Wadi ash-Shati 1,355 0.09% 1
Al-Watan (Homeland Party) 51,292 3.45% 0
Others 218,562 14.72% 0
Independents - - 120
Valid votes 1,484,723 84.13%
Invalid/blank votes 280,117 15.87%
Total (turnout 61.58%) 1,764,840 100% 200
Registered voters 2,865,937
Sources: Libya Herald, Project on Middle East Democracy,
High National Election Commission

2014 elections[edit]

The Libyan election commission on May 20, 2014 announced elections would be held on June 25, 2014.[3]

Historical elections[edit]

Libya under Gaddafi[edit]

National elections were indirect through a hierarchy of people's committees. The head of government was elected by the General People's Congress. The last such election was held in March 2010.

Libya's parliament consisted of a unicameral General People's Congress. Its members were elected indirectly through a hierarchy of people's committees.

Suffrage was 18 years of age; universal and technically compulsory.

Kingdom of Libya[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gumuchian, Marie-Louise, and Hadeel Al Shalchi. "Libyans celebrate free vote despite violence". Reuters. Retrieved July 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "A European agenda to support Libya’s transition". European Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Libya to hold elections in a bid to defuse violence". Herald Globe. Retrieved May 20, 2014.