Elections in Madhya Pradesh

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Elections in Madhya Pradesh, a state in India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Madhya Pradesh creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.

Main Political Parties Over The Years[edit]

BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party, BJS or JS: Bharatiya Jana Sangh (precursor of BJP), BSP: Bahujan Samaj Party
INC: Congress or Congress(Indira), SWA: Swatantra Party, JNP or JP or JD: Janata Party/Dal,
BLD: Bharatiya Lok Dal (Janata Party's official handle in 1977), Ind: Independent

Lok Sabha Elections[edit]

  • 1951: Congress: 28 out of 29. In 1951, Gwalior region was not in MP but part of Madhya Bharat. There was Rewa-Satna territory in Vindhya Pradesh, which later merged with MP. Vidarbha was part of MP until merging with Maharashtra in 1960.
  • 1957: Total: 35. Cong: 34, Hindu Maha Sabha (HMS): 1. Though Nagpur was capital of MP in 1957, Lok Sabha seats in Vidarbha (including Nagpur) had moved to Bombay State as per the impending realignment of states on linguistic basis.
  • 1962: Total: 36. Cong: 24, BJS: 3, PSP (Praja Socialist): 3
  • 1967: Total: 37. Cong: 25, BJS: 10, SWA: 1, Ind: 1
  • 1971: Total: 37. Cong: 21, BJS: 11, Ind: 4
  • 1977: Total: 40. Janata Party: 38. Cong: 1 (Chhindwara), Independent: 1 (Guna)
  • 1980: Congress (Indira): 35/40, Janata Party: 4. (GoI's elections.in site has wrong data about MP for 1980. Please count individual seats and ascertain for yourself.)
  • 1984: Congress: 40/40. BJP: Zero.
  • 1989: BJP: 27, Congress: 8, JD: 3
  • 1991: Cong: 27, BJP: 12, BSP: 1
  • 1996: BJP: 27, Cong: 8, BSP: 2
  • 1998: Total: 40. BJP: 30, Congress: 10.
  • 1999: Total: 40. BJP: 29, Congress: 11
  • 2004: Total: 29 (Chhatisgadh state was carved out of MP, and it got 11 seats out of Old MP's 40 seats.) BJP: 25. INC: 4
  • 2009: Total-29. BJP: 16, Cong: 12, BSP: 1.
  • 2014: Total: 29. BJP: 27, Congress: 2 (Chhindwara and Guna)

Vidhan Sabha Elections[edit]

  • 1967: Total: 296. Cong: 167, BJS: 78, Swatantra: 7, SSP (Socialists): 10.
  • 1972: Total: 296. Cong: 220, BJS: 48 [1]
  • 1977: Total: 320. Janata Party: Around 220-240. Congress: 60-70. (Chief Ministers: Kailash Joshi, Virender Saklecha, Sunder Lal Patwa)
  • 1980: Cong: 246/320, BJP: 60 (CM: Arjun Singh)
  • 1985: Total: 320. Congress: 250, (CMs: Arjun Singh, Motilal Vora) BJP: 58. # Ref for 1985 - [2]
  • 1990: Total:320. BJP:220, Congress:56, Janata Dal: 28. (CM: Sunder Lal Patwa. March 1990 - December 1992)
  • 1993: (CM: Digvijay Singh of Congress)
  • 1998: Total: 320. Congress: 164, BJP: 120 (CM: Digvijay Singh)
      • Chhatisgadh state was carved out of MP, so the 2003 assembly no longer had 320 seats.
  • 2003: Total: 230. BJP: 172, Congress: 39 (CMs: Uma Bharti, Babulal Gaur, Shivraj Singh Chauhan)
  • 2008: Total: 230. BJP: 143. (CM: Shivraj Singh Chauhan)
  • 2013: Total:230; BJP:165, Congress: 58, BSP: 4 (Chief Minister(s): Shivraj Singh Chauhan)

References[edit]

External links[edit]