Elections in Mauritius
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mauritius elects on national level a legislature. The National Assembly has 70 members, 62 elected for a four-year term in 21 multi-member constituencies and 8 additional "best loser" members appointed by the Supreme Court. The president is elected for a five-year term by the parliament. Mauritius has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and a third party that is electorally successful.
In the 1967 General Election, an alliance known as the Independence Party consisting of the Labour Party (Parti Travailliste — PTR), Independent Forward Blok (IFB) and Comité d'Action Musulman (CAM) won the election, Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (SSR) became the first Prime Minister of Mauritius. The Parti Mauricien Social Démocrate (PMSD) became the opposition party.
In the 1976 General Election, the Mouvement Militant Mauricien (MMM) won most of the seats, however a coalition government was formed by the Independence Party (consisted of the Labour Party and Comité d'Action Musulman) and the PMSD. SSR remained in office. The MMM became the opposition party.
In the 1982 General Election, an alliance consisting of the MMM and the Parti Socialiste Mauricien (PSM) won the election, Sir Anerood Jugnauth (SAJ) became Prime Minister, Harish Boodhoo became Deputy Prime Minister and Paul Bérenger became Minister of Finance. The PMSD became the opposition party.
The alliance break up in 1983 and the 1983 General Election was held. A new alliance consisting of the PTR, the Mouvement Socialiste Militant (MSM) and the PMSD won the election, SAJ became Prime Minister again. The MMM became the opposition party.
In the 1991 General Election, an alliance consisting of the MMM and MSM was established again and won the election, SAJ remained Prime Minister. The new leader of the PTR Dr. Navin Ramgoolam, became the Leader of the Opposition. The PTR became the opposition party.
Republic of Mauritius
On 12 March 1992 Mauritius became a Republic State, with a new constitution in 1992, the terms of the General Elections was regulated to 5 years. Since then, each 5 years elections takes place and a new Prime Minister is elected.
In the 2000 General Election an alliance MMM-MSM was formed and won the election, the PTR became the opposition party. The alliance of the MMM-MSM made an agreement, SAJ resigned as Prime Minister after 3 years to allow the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Paul Bérenger to take over. Paul Bérenger became the first non-Hindu Prime Minister of Mauritius. SAJ was nominated as President of Mauritius by the National Assembly. The son of SAJ, Pravind Jugnauth was then elected as Deputy Prime Minister, SAJ also left the reins of the Mouvement Socialiste Militant to his son.
In the 2005 General Election an alliance known as Alliance Sociale was formed, it consisted of the PTR, the Parti Mauricien Xavier-Luc Duval (PMXD), Les Verts Fraternels, the Mouvement Républicain and Mouvement Militant Socialiste Mauricien (MMSM). Another alliance was the MMM-MSM which included the MMM, the MSM and the PMSD. The Alliance Sociale won the election and Dr. Navin Ramgoolam became Prime Minister of Mauritius.
|Parties and alliances||Votes||%||Seats||Additional seats||total seats|
|Organisation du Peuple Rodriguais (OPR)||10,184||0.8||2||2||4|
|Total (Turnout 81.5 %)||1,944,948||100.0||62||8||70|
|Source: Adam Carr|
For the 2010 General Election, two alliance was formed before the election, the Alliance de L'Avenir consisting of the PTR, the PMSD and the MSM. The other alliance was the Alliance du Coeur which consisted of the MMM, the Union Nationale and the Mouvement Mauricien Socialiste Démocrate (MMSD). The Alliance de L'Avenir won the election, Dr. Navin Ramgoolam remained the Prime Minister of Mauritius.
|Parties and alliances||Votes||%||Seats||Additional seats||Total seats|
|Alliance de L'Avenir (PTR-PMSD-MSM)||1,001,903||49.69||41||4||45|
|Alliance du Coeur (MMM-UN-MMSD)||847,095||42.01||18||2||20|
|Front Solidarité Mauricien (FSM)||51,161||2.54||1||—||1|
|Mouvement Rodriguais (MR)||20,933||1.04||2||—||2|
|Organisation du Peuple Rodriguais (OPR)||18,815||0.93||—||1||1|
|Total (Turnout ~78%)||2,016,427||100.00||62||7||69|
- Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p618 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
- "Mauritius". Worldsstatesmen.org. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Ethnic handover in Mauritius". BBC. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Mauritius PM keeps it in family". BBC. Retrieved 27 December 2012.