Elections in Mauritius

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Elections in Mauritius gives information on elections and election results in Mauritius.

Mauritius elects on national level a legislature. The National Assembly has 70 members, 62 elected for a four-year term in 21 multi-member constituencies and 8 additional "best loser" members appointed by the Supreme Court. The president is elected for a five-year term by the parliament. Mauritius has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and a third party that is electorally successful.

Elections[edit]

1967 Election[edit]

In the 1967 General Election, an alliance known as the Independence Party consisting of the Labour Party (Parti Travailliste — PTR), Independent Forward Blok (IFB) and Comité d'Action Musulman (CAM) won the election, Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (SSR) became the first Prime Minister of Mauritius. The Parti Mauricien Social Démocrate (PMSD) became the opposition party.[1][2]

1976 Election[edit]

In the 1976 General Election, the Mouvement Militant Mauricien (MMM) won most of the seats, however a coalition government was formed by the Independence Party (consisted of the Labour Party and Comité d'Action Musulman) and the PMSD. SSR remained in office. The MMM became the opposition party.[1]

1982 Election[edit]

In the 1982 General Election, an alliance consisting of the MMM and the Parti Socialiste Mauricien (PSM) won the election, Sir Anerood Jugnauth (SAJ) became Prime Minister, Harish Boodhoo became Deputy Prime Minister and Paul Bérenger became Minister of Finance. The PMSD became the opposition party.[1]

1983 Election[edit]

The alliance break up in 1983 and the 1983 General Election was held. A new alliance consisting of the PTR, the Mouvement Socialiste Militant (MSM) and the PMSD won the election, SAJ became Prime Minister again. The MMM became the opposition party.[1]

1987 Election[edit]

In the 1987 General Election, an alliance known as Alliance consisting of the PTR, the MSM and the PMSD won the election, SAJ remained Prime Minister. The MMM remained the opposition party.[1]

1991 Election[edit]

In the 1991 General Election, an alliance consisting of the MMM and MSM was established again and won the election, SAJ remained Prime Minister. The new leader of the PTR Dr. Navin Ramgoolam, became the Leader of the Opposition. The PTR became the opposition party.[1]

Republic of Mauritius[edit]

On 12 March 1992 Mauritius became a Republic State, with a new constitution in 1992, the terms of the General Elections was regulated to 5 years. Since then, each 5 years elections takes place and a new Prime Minister is elected.

1995 Election[edit]

In the 1995 General Election an alliance consisting of the PTR and MMM won the election, Dr. Navin Ramgoolam became Prime Minister of Mauritius. The PMSD became the opposition party.[1]

2000 Election[edit]

In the 2000 General Election an alliance MMM-MSM was formed and won the election, the PTR became the opposition party. The alliance of the MMM-MSM made an agreement, SAJ resigned as Prime Minister after 3 years to allow the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Paul Bérenger to take over. Paul Bérenger became the first non-Hindu Prime Minister of Mauritius. SAJ was nominated as President of Mauritius by the National Assembly. The son of SAJ, Pravind Jugnauth was then elected as Deputy Prime Minister, SAJ also left the reins of the Mouvement Socialiste Militant to his son.[3][4]

2005 Election[edit]

In the 2005 General Election an alliance known as Alliance Sociale was formed, it consisted of the PTR, the Parti Mauricien Xavier-Luc Duval (PMXD), Les Verts Fraternels, the Mouvement Républicain and Mouvement Militant Socialiste Mauricien (MMSM). Another alliance was the MMM-MSM which included the MMM, the MSM and the PMSD. The Alliance Sociale won the election and Dr. Navin Ramgoolam became Prime Minister of Mauritius.

e • d Summary of the 3 July 2005 National Assembly of Mauritius election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Additional seats total seats
Alliance Sociale: 948,766 48.8 38 4 42
Alliance MSM-MMM 829,460 42.6 22 2 24
Organisation du Peuple Rodriguais (OPR) 10,184 0.8 2 2 4
All others 156,538 8.0
Total (Turnout 81.5 %) 1,944,948 100.0 62 8 70
Source: Adam Carr

In 2009, the PMSD merged with the PMXD, the new party retained the name PMSD, Xavier-Luc Duval became leader of the new party and Maurice Allet became President.

2010 Election[edit]

For the 2010 General Election, two alliance was formed before the election, the Alliance de L'Avenir consisting of the PTR, the PMSD and the MSM. The other alliance was the Alliance du Coeur which consisted of the MMM, the Union Nationale and the Mouvement Mauricien Socialiste Démocrate (MMSD). The Alliance de L'Avenir won the election, Dr. Navin Ramgoolam remained the Prime Minister of Mauritius.

e • d Summary of the 5 May 2010 National Assembly of Mauritius election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Additional seats Total seats
Alliance de L'Avenir (PTR-PMSD-MSM) 1,001,903 49.69 41 4 45
Alliance du Coeur (MMM-UN-MMSD) 847,095 42.01 18 2 20
Front Solidarité Mauricien (FSM) 51,161 2.54 1 1
Mouvement Rodriguais (MR) 20,933 1.04 2 2
Organisation du Peuple Rodriguais (OPR) 18,815 0.93 1 1
Total (Turnout ~78%) 2,016,427 100.00 62 7 69
Source: electoral.gov.mu

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p618 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  2. ^ "Mauritius". Worldsstatesmen.org. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Ethnic handover in Mauritius". BBC. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Mauritius PM keeps it in family". BBC. Retrieved 27 December 2012.