Elections in Nepal

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Elections in Nepal gives information on election and election results in Nepal.

In the 1990 constitution the Parliament (Sansad) had two chambers. The House of Representatives (Pratinidhi Sabha) had 205 members elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies in 1991, 1994 and 1999. The National Assembly (Rashtriya Sabha) had 60 members, 35 members elected by the Pratinidhi Sabha, 15 representatives of Regional Development Areas and 10 appointed members. Parliament was dissolved by the king in 2002 on the grounds that it was incapable of handling the Maoists rebels. The country’s seven main political parties staged protests against the king, arguing that the parliament be reinstated and elections held to a Constituent Assembly. An interim parliament was formed in 2006, abolishing the two chambers, and elections of a Constituent Assembly were scheduled for April 10, 2008.

Nepal has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Latest election[edit]

The 2008 Constituent Assembly election transitioned Nepal from a monarchy to a parliamentary republic and gave an overwhelming victory to the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), ostensibly ending the protracted civil war. Although acts of violence occurred during the pre-electoral period, election observers noted the elections themselves were markedly peaceful and “well-carried out."[1]


e • d Summary of the 10 April 2008 Nepalese Constituent Assembly election results
Party FPTP Proportional Seats
Votes % +/–%— Votes % FPTP Prop. Nom. Total %
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) 3,145,519 30.52 3,144,204 29.28 120 100 9 229 38.10
Nepali Congress 2,348,890 22.79 –14.50 2,269,883 21.14 37 73 5 115 19.13
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 2,229,064 21.63 –16.62 2,183,370 20.33 33 70 5 108 17.97
Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum, Nepal 634,154 6.15 678,327 6.32 30 22 2 54 8.98
Tarai-Madhesh Loktantrik Party 345,587 3.35 338,930 3.16 9 11 1 21 3.49
Rastriya Prajatantra Party 310,214 3.01 –10.84 263,431 2.45 0 8 8 1.33
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) 168,196 1.63 243,545 2.27 0 8 1 9 1.50
Sadbhavana Party 174,086 1.69 167,517 1.56 4 5 9 1.50
Janamorcha Nepal 136,846 1.33 –0.89 164,381 1.53 2 5 1 8 1.33
Communist Party of Nepal (United) 39,100 0.38 154,968 1.44 0 5 5 0.83
Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal 76,684 0.74 110,519 1.03 0 4 4 0.50
Rastriya Janamorcha 93,578 0.91 106,224 0.99 1 3 4 0.66
Rastriya Janshakti Party 79,925 0.77 102,147 0.95 0 3 3 0.50
Nepal Workers Peasants Party 65,908 0.64 +0.08 74,089 0.69 2 2 1 5 0.83
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch 36,060 0.35 71,958 0.67 0 2 2 0.33
Nepal Sadbhavana Party (Anandidevi) 45,254 0.44 –2.78 55,671 0.52 0 2 1 3 0.50
Rastriya Janamukti Party 38,568 0.37 –0.70 53,910 0.50 0 2 2 0.33
Nepali Janata Dal 17,162 0.17 +0.04 48,990 0.46 0 2 2 0.33
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified) 51,928 0.50 48,600 0.45 0 2 2 0.33
Dalit Janajati Party 31,444 0.30 40,348 0.37 0 1 1 0.17
Nepa Rastriya Party 11,352 0.11 37,757 0.35 0 1 1 0.17
Samajbadi Prajatantrik Janata Party 13,246 0.13 35,752 0.33 0 1 1 0.17
Chure Bhawar Rastriya Ekta Party 18,908 0.13 28,575 0.27 0 1 1 0.17
Nepal Loktantrik Samajbadi Dal 10,432 0.10 25,022 0.23 0 1 1 0.17
Nepal Parivar Dal 23,512 0.22 1 1 0.17
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) 1,759 0.02 21,234 0.20 0 0 0
Tamsaling Nepal Rastriya Dal 5,468 0.05 20,657 0.19 0 0 0
Rastriya Janata Dal 5,556 0.05 19,305 0.18 0 0 0
Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist) 10,076 0.10 –0.04 18,717 0.17 0 0 0
Lok Kalayankari Janata Party 6,700 0.06 18,123 0.17 0 0 0
Nepal Janabhavana Party 104 0.00 ±0.00 13,173 0.12 0 0 0
Rastriya Janata Dal Nepal 4,497 0.04 12,678 0.12 0 0 0
Nepal Janata Party 5,635 0.05 12,531 0.12 0 0 0
Mongol National Organisation 6,349 0.06 –0.01 11,578 0.11 0 0 0
Nepal Shanti Kshetra Parishad 45 0.00 10,565 0.10 0 0 0
Shanti Party Nepal 970 0.01 10,511 0.10 0 0 0
Rastriya Bikas Party 2,612 0.02 9,329 0.09 0 0 0
Nepal Sukumbasi Party (Loktantrik) 1,459 0.01 8,322 0.08 0 0 0
Nepal Rastriya Bikas Party 1,603 0.01 8,026 0.07 0 0 0
Nepal Dalit Shramik Morcha 93 0.00 –0.08 7,107 0.07 0 0 0
Samajbadi Party Nepal 1,197 0.01 6,564 0.06 0 0 0
Muskan Sena Nepal Party 2,490 0.02 6,292 0.06 0 0 0
Nepali Congress (Rastrabadi) 5,721 0.05 0 0
Nepal Samyabadi Dal 60 0.00 5,478 0.05 0 0 0
Nawa Janabadi Morcha 992 0.01 5,193 0.05 0 0 0
Hindu Prajatantrik Party 265 0.00 4,902 0.05 0 0 0
Nepal Samata Party 459 0.00 4,697 0.04 0 0 0
Rastrabadi Yuba Morcha 496 0.00 4,772 0.04 0 0 0
League Nepal Shanti Ekta Party 316 0.00 4,443 0.04 0 0 0
Rastrabadi Ekta Party 43 0.00 4,150 0.04 0 0 0
Sa-Shakti Nepal 532 0.00 3,752 0.03 0 0 0
Janamukti Party Nepal 281 0.00 –0.11 3,396 0.03 0 0 0
Nepal Rastriya Loktantrik Dal 57 0.00 3,216 0.03 0 0 0
Nawa Nepal Prajatantrik Dal 34 0.00 3,016 0.03 0 0 0
Liberal Samajbadi Party 152 0.00 0 0
Nepal Rastriya Janakalayan Party 96 0.00 0 0
Independents 123,619 1.20 –1.54 2 2 0.33
Total (turnout %) 10,306,120 100.00 10,739,078 100.00 240 335 26 601 100.00
Source: www.election.gov.np nepalnews.com, kantipuronline.com, kantipuronline.com

Past elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 3 and May 17, 1999 Nepal House of Representatives election results
Party Votes  % of votes Seats  % of seats
Nepali Congress 3,214,068 37.29 111 54.15
Communist Party of Nepal (UML) 2,728,725 31.66 71 34.63
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Thapa) 899,511 10.44 11 5.37
Nepal Sadbhavana Party 277,239 3.22 5 2.44
Rastriya Jana Morcha 121,394 1.41 5 2.44
Samyukta Janmorcha Nepal 70,119 0.81 1 0.49
Nepal Workers and Peasants Party 48,015 0.56 1 0.49
Communist Party of Nepal (ML) 567,987 6.59 0 0
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Chand) 293,952 3.41 0 0
Rastriya Janamukti Party 92,567 1.07 0 0
Nepali Janata Dal 11,175 0.13 0 0
Janamukti Party Nepal 9,528 0.11 0 0
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) 7,654 0.09 0 0
Nepal Dalit Shramik Morcha 6,852 0.08 0 0
Hariyali Nepal Party 6,638 0.08 0 0
Mongol National Organisation[2] 6,329 0.08 0 0
Nepali Janta Party Rastriya Sambriddhibad 4,835 0.06 0 0
Communist Party of Nepal (United) 4,715 0.05 0 0
Rastriya Janata Parishad 3,434 0.04 0 0
Jana Congress 1,906 0.02 0 0
Shivsena Nepal 1,727 0.02 0 0
Nepal Socialist Party 950 0.01 0 0
Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal 835 0.01 0 0
Nepal Praja Parishad 773 0.01 0 0
Samyukta Prajatantra Party Nepal 297 0.00 0 0
Nepal Samyabadi Party (MLM) 190 0.00 0 0
Save the Nation Movement 161 0.00 0 0
Pragati Upayogoto, Nepal 155 0.00 0 0
Nepal Janabhavana Party 120 0.00 0 0
Rastrabadi Janata Party 105 0.00 0 0
Social Democratic Party 97 0.00 0 0
Samajbadi Garib Party 81 0.00 0 0
Nepal Janahit Party 68 0.00 0 0
Nepal Suraksha Party 56 0.00 0 0
Nepal Rastrabadi Dal 55 0.00 0 0
Mechi-Mahakali Jana Samanwaya Dal 35 0.00 0 0
Independents 236,548 2.74 0 0

[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Carter Center, Activities by Country: Nepal, retrieved 2008-07-17 
  2. ^ Ran as independents. Figures based on http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/stored/pdfs/ps034.pdf
  3. ^ List of the Political Parties

External links[edit]