Elections in Northern Cyprus

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Coat of arms of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Northern Cyprus

Elections in Northern Cyprus, also referenced as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus or TRNC, bring into office a president and a legislature which exercise de facto leadership over the northern 36.27% (3,355 km2./1,295 sq.mi.) of the Republic of Cyprus, encompassing the territory of the internationally-unrecognized TRNC.

Electoral system[edit]

The presidency, which is served in five-year terms, was instituted with TRNC's first presidential election in 1985 and continued with the elections of 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005,2010 with the next election scheduled for April 2015. The legislature, Cumhuriyet Meclisi (Assembly of the Republic of Northern Cyprus), has 50 members, elected for a five-year term by mitigated proportional representation. The territory has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and another party which is also electorally successful. Although the voters are described as Turkish Cypriots, the Turkish mainland daily Sabah reported that in the 2009 elections only 38% of those entitled to vote were Turkish Cypriot, while the remaining 62% were Turkish citizens living in TRNC as settlers.

In the presidential election, a candidate must obtain at least 50% of the votes in order to secure a first-ballot victory. Upon failing to do so, the two top candidates compete in a runoff election, with the winner assuming the presidency.

The mitigated proportional representation system in use for legislative elections obligates each party to cross the 5% of the total vote election threshold in order to be seated in the 50-member parliament, which is chosen from five electoral districts, Lefkoşa (Nicosia), Gazimağusa (Famagusta), Girne (Kyrenia), Güzelyurt (Morphou) and İskele (Trikomo).

In the parliamentary elections, voters choose individual candidates with two options in the manner of voting: a party-line vote which, in effect, means a vote for each candidate from that party in that election district or, alternatively, the voter may choose different MP candidates from various parties. In this type of mixed voting, the voter may not choose more than the number of MPs from that district.

Residents of northern Cyprus are eligible to stand for election and vote in the national elections of the Republic of Cyprus (the Constitution states that a Turkish-Cypriot should be Vice-President of the Republic), but such adherence to original principles has not been put into practice since Turkish-Cyptiots withdrew from Government in 1963. Turkish-Cypriots living in the Greek areas do participate in the elections.

Latest elections[edit]

2010 Presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 18 April 2010 Northern Cyprus presidential election
Candidate Party Votes %
Derviş Eroğlu National Unity Party (UBP) 61,491 50.38
Mehmet Ali Talat Independent 52,302 42.85
Tahsin Ertuğruloğlu Independent 4,648 3.81
Zeki Beşiktepeli Independent 1,986 1.61
Mustafa Kemal Tümkan Independent 964 0.79
Arif Salih Kırdağ Independent 521 0.43
Ayhan Kaymak Independent 168 0.14
Total (turnout 76.37%) 125,294 100
Source: mahkemeler.net (XLS-file)

2009 Parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 19 April 2009 Northern Cyprus election results
Parties Votes Vote % Seats +/–
National Unity Party (Ulusal Birlik Partisi) 622.804 44.07% 26 +7
Republican Turkish Party (Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi) 415.574 29.15% 15 –9
Democratic Party (Demokrat Partisi) 150.695 10.65% 5 –1
Communal Democracy Party (Toplumcu Demokrasi Partisi) 97.334 6.87% 2 +1
Freedom and Reform Party (Özgürlük ve Reform Partisi) 87.879 6.20% 2 +2
United Cyprus Party (Birleşik Kıbrıs Partisi) 34.239 2.42%
Politics for the People Party (Halk İçin Siyaset Partisi) 7.091 0.50%
Independents 836 0.14% –3
Totals (turnout 81.42%) 1.416.452 100.00 50
Sources: World Bulletin Zaman

Past elections[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Date: Candidates: Party Affiliation: % Vote: Notes:
15 April 2000
Mustafa Akıncı
Mehmet A. Talat
Arif Hasan T. Desem
Derviş Eroğlu
Ayhan Kaymak
Rauf R. Denktas
Sener Levent
Turgut Afsaroglu
TKP
CTP
YBH
UBP
Independent
Independent
Independent
Independent
%11.70
%10.03
%2.60
%30.14
%0.38
%43.67
%0.92
%0.56
1- Number of registered voters: 126675
2-Participation Rate: %81.02
3-Derviş Eroğlu and Rauf R. Denktas was to run for the second round, but Derviş Eroğlu had forfeited so the second round did not take place
15 Feb 1995



1- 1st round of 1995presidential elections.
22 April 1995



1- 2nd round of 1995 presidential elections.
22 April 1990



1- 1st round of 1990 presidential elections.
9 June 1985



1- 1st round of 1985 presidential elections.
28 June 1981



1- 1st round of 1981 presidential elections.

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Date: Parties: % Votes: Seats: +/- Notes:
20 Feb 2005
CTP - Cumhuriyetçi Turk Partisi
UBP - Ulusal Birlik Partisi
DP - Demokrat Parti
BDH - Baris ve Demokrasi Hareketi
TKP - Toplumcu Kurtuluş Partisi
YP - New Party
MAP - Milli Adalet Partisi
%44.5
%31.7
%13.5
%5.8
%2.4
%1.6
%0.5
24
19
6
1
-
-
-
+5
+1
-1
-5
-
-
-
1- (+/-) - Difference in seats from 2003 election.
14 Dec 2003
CTP - Cumhuriyetçi Turk Partisi
UBP - Ulusal Birlik Partisi
BDH - Baris ve Demokrasi Hareketi
DP - Demokrat Parti
% 35.18
% 32.93
% 13.14%
%12.93
19
18
6
7
1- TKP entered the elections under the list of BDH.
6 Dec 1998
UBP - Ulusal Birlik Partisi
DP - Demokrat Parti
TKP - Toplumcu Kurtuluş Partisi
CTP - Cumhuriyetçi Turk Partisi
Others
%40.4
 %22.6
 %15.4
 %13.4
 % 8.2
24
13
7
6
-
1- Others includes UDP, BP, YBH
12 Dec 1993
UBP - Ulusal Birlik Partisi
DP - Demokrat Parti
CTP - Cumhuriyetçi Turk Partisi
TKP - Toplumcu Kurtuluş Partisi
Others (YKP, MMP, BEP)
%29.8
 %29.2
 %24.2
 %13.3
 % 3.5
17
15
13
5
-
1-Early General Elections
2- Others include YKP, MMP, BEP
13 Oct 1991
UBP - Ulusal Birlik Partisi
Free Democratic Party (HDP)
Others (YKP)
%67.1
 %13.9
 %19
11
1
-
1- Interim elections done to fill the seats of 12 MPs who had resigned.
2- CTP and TKP boycotted the election.
3-Others include SDP, MAP, BEP, YDP
6 May 1990 UBP - Ulusal Birlik Partisi
Democratic Struggle Party (DMP)
Others (YKP)
%54.7
 %44.5
 %0.8
34
16
-
1- DMP is an election alliance party for CTP, TKP, YDP.
23 Jun 1985
UBP - Ulusal Birlik Partisi
CTP - Cumhuriyetçi Turk Partisi
TKP - Toplumcu Kurtuluş Partisi
YDP - Yeni Dogus Partisi (YDP)
Others
%36.7
 %21.4
 %15.8
%8.8
%17.3
24
12
10
4
-
Others include TAP, SDP, DHP

In 2009 President Mehmet Ali Talat has claimed that in 1990 and 1998 Turkish government officials along with other influential powers from Turkey interfered with the Parliamentary Elections.[1]

References[edit]