Elections in Turkey

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politics and government of
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The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) has 550 members, elected for a four-year term (five years before the 2007 referendum) by a system based on closed list proportional representation according to the D'Hondt method.

To participate in the distribution of seats, a party must obtain at least 10% of the votes cast at the national level as well as a percentage of votes in the contested district according to a complex formula. It is the highest electoral threshold in the world. The president was elected for a seven-year term by the parliament prior to the 2007 constitutional changes, and will be elected for at most two consecutive five-year terms in the future.

Turkey has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and often a fourth party that is electorally successful. Since 1950, parliamentary politics has been dominated by conservative parties. Even the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) tends to identify itself with the "tradition" of Democrat Party (DP). The leftist parties, most notable of which is the Republican People's Party (CHP) draw much of their support from big cities, coastal regions, professional middle-class, civil service, military officers, and the religious minority of Alevi.[1]

The last general election was the one that took place on 12 June 2011.

General elections[edit]

Latest election[edit]

  1. AKP: 327 seats
  2. CHP: 135 seats
  3. MHP: 53 seats
  4. Independent: 35 seats

Past elections[edit]

  1. AKP: 341 seats
  2. CHP: 112 seats
  3. MHP: 71 seats
  4. Independent: 26 seats
  1. AKP: 363 seats
  2. CHP: 178 seats
  3. Independent: 9 seats
  1. DSP: 136 seats
  2. MHP: 129 seats
  3. FP: 111 seats
  4. ANAP: 86 seats
  5. DYP: 85 seats
  6. Independent: 3 seats
  1. RP: 158 seats
  2. DYP: 135 seats
  3. ANAP: 132 seats
  4. DSP: 76 seats
  5. SHP: 49 seats
  1. DYP: 178 seats
  2. ANAP: 115 seats
  3. SHP: 88 seats
  4. RP: 62 seats
  5. DSP: 7 seats
  1. ANAP: 292 seats
  2. SHP: 99 seats
  3. DYP: 59 seats
  1. ANAP: 211 seats
  2. HP: 117 seats
  3. MDP: 71 seats
  1. CHP: 213 seats
  2. AP: 189 seats
  3. MSP: 24 seats
  4. MHP: 16 seats
  5. CGP: 3 seats
  6. DP: 1 seat
  7. Independent: 4 seats
  1. CHP: 185 seats
  2. AP: 149 seats
  3. MSP: 48 seats
  4. DP: 45 seats
  5. CGP: 13 seats
  6. MHP: 3 seats
  7. TBP: 1 seats
  8. Independent: 6
  1. AP: 256 seats
  2. CHP: 143 seats
  3. GP: 15 seats
  4. BP: 8 seats
  5. MP: 6 seats
  6. YTP: 6 seats
  7. TİP: 2 seats
  8. MHP: 1 seat
  9. Independent: 13 seats
  1. AP: 240 seats
  2. CHP: 134 seats
  3. MP: 31 seats
  4. YTP: 19 seats
  5. TİP: 14 seats
  6. CMKP: 11 seats
  7. Independent: 1 seat
  1. CHP: 173 seats
  2. AP: 158 seats
  3. YTP: 65 seats
  4. CMKP: 54 seats
  1. DP: 424 seats
  2. CHP: 178 seats
  3. CMP: 4 seats
  4. HP: 4 seats
  1. DP: 502 seats
  2. CHP: 31 seats
  3. CMP:[1] 5 seats
  4. Independent: 3 seats
  1. DP: 470 seats
  2. CHP: 69 seats
  1. CHP: 396 seats
  2. DP: 62 seats
  3. Independent: 7 seats
  1. CHP: 287 seats
  2. Independent: 30 seats

Presidential elections[edit]

Local elections[edit]

Latest election[edit]

Past elections[edit]

Referendums[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Both CMP and CKMP succeeded MP

External links[edit]