Elections in Uttar Pradesh
Elections in Uttar Pradesh are conducted every five years to elect the State assembly and its share of members to the Lok Sabha. The elections are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Uttar Pradesh creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed. There are 403 assembly constituencies and 80 Lok Sabha constituencies. The state has conducted 16 assembly elections and 15 Lok Sabha elections since independence.
Uttar Pradesh has 403 assembly constituencies. The Chief Minister of the state is elected by legislators of the political party or coalition commanding an assembly majority, and serves a five-year term with a provision of re-election. The Governor is the head of state, but his or her role is largely ceremonial.
Lok Sabha constituencies
The Lok Sabha is the directly elected lower house of the Parliament of India. As of 2013 there have been fifteen Lok Sabhas elected by the people of India. Uttar Pradesh has 80 Lok Sabha constituencies.
Lok Sabha elections
|Year||Lok Sabha Election||Color||Winning Party/Coalition|
|1951||First Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1957||Second Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1962||Third Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1967||Fourth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1971||Fifth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1977||Sixth Lok Sabha||Janata Party (BLD)|
|1980||Seventh Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress (Indira)|
|1984||Eighth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1989||Ninth Lok Sabha||National Front (JD)|
|1991||Tenth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1996||Eleventh Lok Sabha||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|1998||Twelfth Lok Sabha||National Democratic Alliance (BJP)|
|1999||Thirteenth Lok Sabha||National Democratic Alliance (BJP)|
|2004||Fourteenth Lok Sabha||Samajwadi Party (UPA)|
|2009||Fifteenth Lok Sabha||Samajwadi Party (UPA)|