Elections in Zimbabwe

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Zimbabwe
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The Zimbabwe government consists of an elected head of state, the president, and a legislature. The presidential term lasts for 6 years. Parliament is bicameral, consisting of the House of Assembly and Senate. The House of assembly has 210 members 200 elected for five-year terms by single-member constituencies and 10 are appointed governors. The Senate has 66 members: 50 are elected for five-year terms by single-member constituencies, six are appointed, and 10 are elected chiefs.

Zimbabwe is a one party dominant state; the dominant party being the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front. Opposition parties are permitted, including the MDC-T led by Morgan Tsvangirai and the MDC-M led by Welshman Ncube, both formations of the original Movement for Democratic Change created in 1999. Recent elections (March 2008) have witnessed former ruling party finance minister Simba Makoni standing as an independent presidential candidate.

Election results[edit]

1980[edit]

1985[edit]

1990[edit]

1995[edit]

1996[edit]

Sithole and Muzorewa withdrew during the week before balloting, but their names remained on the ballot and both received votes

2000[edit]

2002[edit]

e • d Summary of the official 9 March-11 March 2002 Zimbabwean Presidential election results
Candidates - nominating parties Votes %
Robert Mugabe - Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front 56.0
Morgan Tsvangirai - Movement for Democratic Change 42.0
Wilson Kumbila - Zimbabwe African National Union – Ndonga 1.0
Shaka Maya - National Alliance for Good Governance 0.5
Paul Siwela 0.5
Source: Electionguide

2005[edit]

Parliament[edit]

e • d Summary of the 31 March 2005 House of Assembly of Zimbabwe election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front 1,569,867 59.6 78
Movement for Democratic Change 1,041,292 39.5 41
Independents 16,223 0.6 1
Zimbabwe African National Union-Ndonga 6,608 0.3 0
Zimbabwe Youth in Alliance 594 0.0 0
Zimbabwe People's Democratic Party 61 0.0 0
Presidential appointees 20
Ex-officio members (Chiefs) 10
Total (turnout 47.7%) 2,634,645 100.0 150
Registered voters 5,658,624
Total votes cast 2,696,670
Invalid votes 62,025
Source: African Elections Database

Senate[edit]

e • d Summary of the 26 November 2005 Senate of Zimbabwe election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front 449,860 73.71 43
Movement for Democratic Change 123,628 20.26 7
Zimbabwe African National Union - Ndonga 11,023 1.81 0
Independents 9,689 1.59 0
Zimbabwe Youth in Alliance 6,919 1.13 0
Peace Action is Freedom for All 5,278 0.86 0
African National Party 3,585 0.59 0
Zimbabwe African People's Union - Federal Party 213 0.03 0
Multi-Racial Open Party - Christian Democrats 100 0.02 0
Ex-officio members (Chiefs) 10
Presidential appointees 6
Total (turnout 19.5%) 610,295 100.00 66
Registered voters 3,239,574
Total votes cast 631,347
Invalid votes 21,052
Source: African Elections Database

2008[edit]

2013[edit]

2018[edit]

Referendums[edit]

On 12–13 February 2000, there was a constitutional referendum for increased powers to president; these were to permit the government to confiscate without compensation white-owned land for the purpose of redistribution to black farmers, and to give government officials immunity from prosecution.

  • "Yes" Votes 45.32%
  • "No" Votes 54.68%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]