Elections in the Czech Republic

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Elections in the Czech Republic gives information on election and election results in the Czech Republic.

The Czech Republic elects on national level a legislature. The Parliament (Parlament České republiky) has two chambers. The Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) has 200 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation with a 5% election threshold. The Senate (Senát) has 81 members, in single-seat constituencies elected by two-round runoff voting for a six-year term, with one third renewed every even year in the autumn. The President of the Czech Republic was indirectly elected for five-year terms until 2012; beginning with the 2013 election, direct elections with run-off rounds will be held.[1]

There are municipal elections every four years since 1990 and regional elections every four years starting in 2000; in the autumn.

The Czech Republic has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and another party or coalition that is electorally successful.

Latest Chamber of Deputies election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 25 – 26 October 2013 Czech Chamber of Deputies election results
Party Ideology Votes % Seats Change
Czech Social Democratic Party Social democracy 1,016,829 20.45 50 −6
ANO 2011 Right-wing populism 927,240 18.65 47 *
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Communism 741,044 14.91 33 +7
TOP 09 Liberal conservatism 596,357 11.99 26 -15
Civic Democratic Party Conservatism 384,174 7.72 16 −37
Dawn of Direct Democracy Right-wing populism 342,339 6.88 14 *
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party Christian democracy 336,970 6.78 14 +14
Green Party Green liberalism 159,025 3.19 0 *
Others 466,006 9.37 0
Total (turnout 59.48%) 4,969,984 100.00 200
* Did not stand in previous election
Source: Czech Statistical Office
e • d Summary of the 28-29 May 2010 Czech Chamber of Deputies election results
Party Ideology Votes % Seats Change
Czech Social Democratic Party Social democracy 1,155,267 22.08 56 −18
Civic Democratic Party Conservatism 1,057,792 20.22 53 −28
TOP 09 Liberal conservatism 873,833 16.70 41 *
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Communism 589,765 11.27 26 ±0
Public Affairs Conservative liberalism 569,127 10.88 24 *
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party Christian democracy 229,717 4.39 0 −13
Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci Social democracy 226,527 4.33 0 *
Sovereignty – Jana Bobošíková Bloc National conservatism 192,145 3.67 0 *
Green Party Green liberalism 127 831 2.44 0 −6
Others 208,885 3.91 0
Total (turnout 62.60%) 5,230,859 100.00 200
* Did not stand in previous election
Source: Czech Statistical Office
e • d Summary of the 2-3 June, 2006 Czech Chamber of Deputies election results
Parties and coalitions Ideology Votes % Seats Change
Civic Democratic Party Liberal conservatism 1,892,475 35.38 81 +23
Czech Social Democratic Party Social democracy 1,728,827 32.32 74 +4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Communism 685,328 12.81 26 -15
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party Christian democracy 386,706 7.23 13 -9
Green Party Green liberalism 336,487 6.29 6 +6
SNK European Democrats Liberal conservatism 111,724 2.09 0
Others 207,429 3.88 0 -91
Total (turnout 64.47%) 5,348,976 100.00 200
1 Due to the Freedom Union–Democratic Union losing its nine seats.
Source: Czech Statistical Office

Latest Senate election[edit]

e • d Senate of the Czech Republic composition after the 2008 election and 2007 by-election in 2 constituencies
Party Seats
Civic Democratic Party 35
Czech Social Democratic Party 29
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party includes 1 elected in 2002 as an independent candidate 7
Caucus SNK (Senátorský klub SNK) comprises 6 senators elected for
SNK European Democrats 1
Independents Movement (Hnutí NEZÁVISLÍ) 1*
Independent Mayors for Region (Nezávislí starostové pro kraj) 1*
Caucus of Open Democracy (Klub otevřené demokracie) comprises 7 senators elected for
Freedom Union–Democratic Union 1*
Green Party 1*
Party for the Open Society in 2006 1*
United Democrats - Union of Independents (Spojení demokraté - Sdružení nezávislých) 1*
Non aligned
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in 2002, 2004 and 2007 3
Total 81
Source: Czech Statistical Office, Senate

The electoral party (the party on whose label the senator ran) can be volatile, especially with senators elected for tiny parties, so caucuses are more relevant.

  • For senators from tiny electoral parties who are not their formal members

Past elections and referendums[edit]

  • See below

European elections[edit]

Czechoslovakia-era elections[edit]

  • See below

Referendums[edit]

The Constitution of the Czech Republic mentions referendum only in context of "referendum concerning the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union"[2] There are no other provisions concerning referendums. Therefore, the only referendum ever held in the Czech Republic was Czech European Union membership referendum in 2003. The Government of the Czech Republic approved a referendum bill in 2005,[3] but it was never passed by the parliament.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.radio.cz/en/section/curraffrs/czech-parliament-passes-direct-presidential-elections
  2. ^ "Constitution of the Czech Republic". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  3. ^ Lazarová, Daniela (2005-03-10). "Czech government approves referendum bill". Radio Praha. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 

External links[edit]