Electoral College (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The President of India is indirectly elected by means of an electoral college consisting of the Parliament of India and the legislative assemblies of the states and the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry. The votes are based on the population in 1971 rather than the current population, as a result of the 42nd Amendment, and extended by the 84th Amendment,[1] with the intention to encourage family planning programs in the states by ensuring that states are not penalized for lowering their population growth.

Composition[edit]

The electoral college is made up of the following:

Weighting of votes[edit]

The value of votes cast by elected members of the state legislative assemblies and both houses of parliament are determined by the provisions of article 55(2) of the Constitution of India.[2] The details of number of voters and votes for this presidential election are given below.[3] Per the 84th Amendment, the 1971 census is used, and will continue to be used until 2026.[1]

The formula for determining the number of votes held by an elector is

 \textrm{Value\;of\;an\;MLA\;vote} = \cfrac {\mbox{Total population of the state}} {\mbox{Total number of elected members} \times {1000}}

That is, the average constituency size, determined by the 1971 census, in his or her state, divided by 1,000.

The number of votes for MLAs are as follows:

Sr. No. Name of state or union territory Number of Assembly seats (elective) Population (1971 Census)[3] Value of vote of each MLA Total value of votes for the state or union territory
1. Andhra Pradesh 294 43,502,708 148 43,512
2. Arunachal Pradesh 60 467,511 8 480
3. Assam 126 14,625,152 116 14,616
4. Bihar 243 42,126,236 173 42,039
5. Chhattisgarh 90 11,637,494 129 11,610
6. Goa 40 795,120 20 800
7. Gujarat 182 26,697,475 147 26,754
8. Haryana 90 10,036,808 112 10,080
9. Himachal Pradesh 68 3,460,434 51 3468
10. Jammu and Kashmir[4] 87 6,300,000 72 6,264
11. Jharkhand 81 14,227,133 176 14,256
12. Karnataka 224 29,299,014 131 26,334
13. Kerala 140 21,347,375 152 21,280
14. Madhya Pradesh 230 30,016,625 131 30,130
15. Maharashtra 288 50,412,235 175 50,400
16. Manipur 60 1,072,753 18 1,080
17. Meghalaya 60 1,011,699 17 1,020
18. Mizoram 40 332,390 8 320
19. Nagaland 60 516,499 9 540
20. Odisha 147 21,944,615 149 21,903
21. Punjab 117 13,551,060 116 13,572
22. Rajasthan 200 25,765,806 129 25,800
23. Sikkim 32 209,843 7 224
24. Tamil Nadu 234 41,199,168 176 41,184
25. Tripura 60 1,556,342 26 1,560
26. Uttarakhand 70 4,491,239 64 4,480
27. Uttar Pradesh 403 83,849,905 208 83,824
28. West Bengal 294 44,312,011 151 44,394
29. NCT of Delhi 70 4,065,698 58 4,060
30. Puducherry 30 471,707 16 480
Total 4,120 549,302,055 549,474

Total Members of Parliament- Lok Sabha (543) + Rajya Sabha (233) = 776

The value of a MP's vote is calculated by dividing the total value of all MLAs' votes by the number of MPs.

Value of each vote = 549,474/776 = 708.09, rounded to 708
Total value of votes of Parliament = 776*708 = 549,408
Total number of electors = MLAs + MPs = 4,896
Total number of votes = 1,098,882
\textrm{Value\;of\;an\;MP\;vote} = \cfrac {\mbox{The sum of vote value of elected members of all the Legislative Assemblies}} {\mbox{The sum of elected members of both the houses of Parliament}}

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 84th Amendment
  2. ^ Section 55 of the Constitution of India
  3. ^ a b Election to the Office of President, 2012
  4. ^ Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order