# Electoral College (India)

The Electoral College elects the President of India.

## Composition

The college is made up of the following:

## Weighting of votes

The value of votes cast by elected members of the state legislative assemblies and both houses of parliament were decided as per the provisions of article 55(2) of the Constitution of India. The details of number of voters and votes for this presidential election are given below.[1]

• Presidential elections in India involve proportional representation from respective states. The number of votes assigned to a particular voter from a state assembly is decided as follows.
 $\textrm{Value\;of\;an\;MLA\;vote} = \cfrac {\mbox{Total population of the state}} {\mbox{Total number of non-inflected members} \times {1000}}$

In other words, value of a MLA vote is no. of thousands of people represented by him. Thus, indirectly entire population cast vote. As per this calculation following are the number of votes for respective states.

Sr. No. Name of state or union territory Number of Assembly seats (elective) Population (2011 Census)[2] Value of vote of each MLA Total value of votes for the state or union territory
1. Andhra Pradesh 294 84,665,533 288 84,666
2. Arunachal Pradesh 60 1,382,611 23 1380
3. Assam 126 31,169,272 247 31,133
4. Bihar 243 103,804,637 427 103,761
5. Chhattisgarh 90 25,540,196 284 25,560
6. Goa 40 1,457,723 36 1440
7. Gujarat 182 60,383,628 332 60,424
8. Haryana 90 25,353,081 282 25,380
9. Himachal Pradesh 68 6,856,509 101 6,868
10. Jammu and Kashmir* 87 12,548,926 144 12,528
11. Jharkhand 81 31,169,272 385 31,185
12. Karnataka 224 61,130,704 273 61,152
13. Kerala 140 33,387,677 238 33,320
14. Madhya Pradesh 230 72,597,565 316 72,680
15. Maharashtra 288 112,372,972 390 112,320
16. Manipur 60 2,721,756 45 2,700
17. Meghalaya 60 2,964,007 49 2,940
18. Mizoram 40 1,091,014 27 1,080
19. Nagaland 60 1,980,602 33 1,980
20. Orissa 147 41,947,358 285 41,895
21. Punjab 117 27,704,236 237 27,729
22. Rajasthan 200 68,621,012 343 68,600
23. Sikkim 32 607,688 19 608
24. Tamil Nadu 234 72,138,958 308 72,072
25. Tripura 60 3,671,032 61 3,660
26. Uttarakhand 70 10,116,752 145 10,150
27. Uttar Pradesh 403 199,581,477 495 199,485
28. West Bengal 294 91,347,736 311 91,434
29. NCT of Delhi 70 16,753,235 239 16,730
30. Puducherry 30 1,244,464 41 1230
Total 4120 1,206,311,633 1,206,085

(*) Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order

• So total population @ 1971 Census = 548,160,050 [3]
• And total value of votes for states i.e. MLAs = 549474
• Total Members of Parliament- Lok Sabha (543) + Rajya Sabha (233) = 776

The value of a MP's vote is calculated by dividing the total value of all MLAs' votes by the number of MPs.

Value of each vote = 549474/776 = 708.09 or 708
Total value of votes of Parliament = 776*708 = 549408
• Total number of electors = MLAs + MPs = 4896
• Total number of votes = 1098882
 $\textrm{Value\;of\;an\;MP\;vote} = \cfrac {\mbox{Total value of all MLAs' votes}} {\mbox{Total number of MPs}}$

Although the 2011 census has been out, but 1971 census is taken in calculating the electoral college under article 55 until first census after 2026 is conducted. [4]