A voters list is a grouping of candidates for election to a post, usually in proportional election systems. An electoral list can be registered by a political party or can constitute a group of independent candidates. Lists can be open, in which case electors have some influence over the order in which candidates within the list are placed, or closed, in which case the order of candidates within the list is fixed and voters effectively simply nominate their preferred party.
Non-proportional systems may also employ electoral lists for multi-member constituencies. The main difference between proportional and non-proportional electoral lists is that winning candidates for office are not elected by voters through ranked preference, but through a single choice between two or more parties' electoral lists.
•Once constituencies are decided, the next step is to decide who can or cannot vote.
•In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before. This list is called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voter’s List.
• This is an important step for it’s linked to the first condition of a democratic election: everyone should get an equal opportunity to choose representatives.
• In India, everyone aged 18 and above, has the right to vote regardless of his/her caste, religion/gender. Some criminals /persons with unsound mind can be denied the right to vote (i.e. only in rare situations)
•It is the responsibility of the government to get the names of all eligible voters put on the voter’s list. The revision of the list takes place every five years. Names of those who attain the voting age are added to this list whereas names of those who move overseas or are dead are removed.
•In the last few years a new system, of Election Photo Identity Card [EPIC] has been introduced. But the card is not yet compulsory for voting. The voters could also show other proofs like their ration card etc.
|This election-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|