Electricity sector in Spain

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The electricity sector in Spain describes electricity in Spain. In 2008 Spain consumed electricity 88% compared to the European Union 15 average. Spain exported about 3% of the produced electricity in 2009. The volume of renewable electricity rose 5% shares of the electricity use in 2009 compared to 2004 and was about 26% of the electricity use in 2009. The share of nuclear power declined notably between 2004 and 2005. The volume of nuclear power pro person has declined smoothly during 2004–2009.

Electricity pro person and by power source[edit]

In 2008, Spanish electricity consumption was an average of 6,523 kWh/person. Spanish electricity usage constituted 88% of the EU15 average (EU15: 7,409 kWh/person), and 73% of the OECD average (8,991 kWh/person).[1]

Electricity pro person in Spain (kWh/ hab.)[1]
Use Production Export Exp. % Fossil Nuclear Nuc. % Other RE Bio+waste Wind Non RE use* RE %
2004 6,489 6,559 −70 −1.1 % 3,739 1,490 23.0% 1,174 157 5,158 20.5%
2005 6,744 6,776 −32 −0.5% 4,244 1,326 19,7% 1,135 71 5,538 17.9%
2006 6,734 6,862 −128 −1.9 % 4,208 1,234 18.3% 1,305 115 5,314 21.1%
2008 6,523 6,764 −241 −3.7 % 4,066 1,286 19,7% 1,318 94 5,111 21.6%
2009 6,145 6,320 −176 −2.9 % 3,582 1,143 18.6% 707* 91 794* 4,553 25.9%
* Other RE is waterpower, solar and geothermal electricity and wind power until 2008
* Non RE use = use − production of renewable electricity
* RE % = (production of RE / use) * 100% Note: European Union calculates the share of renewable energies in gross electrical consumption.

Mode of production[edit]

According to IEA the electricity use (gross production + imports − exports − transmission/distribution losses) in Spain was in 2004 253 TWh, (2007) 282 TWh and (2008) 288 TWh, while the use was in 2008 in France 494 TWh and Germany 587 TWh.[2]

Electricity production from natural gas in 2008 was in Spain 122 TWh exceeding in Europe only by Russia 495 TWh, United Kingdom 177 TWh and Italy 173 TWh.[3]

Renewable energy in Spain[edit]

In 2009 Spain produced 13% wind power compare to the use of electricity (794/ 6,145)[4] The wind capacity installed at end 2010 will, in a normal wind year, produce 14.4% of electricity, when the equivalent value for Germany is 9.4%, Portugal 14% and Denmark 24%.[5]

Power stations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Energy in Sweden, Facts and figures, The Swedish Energy Agency, (in Swedish: Energiläget i siffror), Table: Specific electricity production per inhabitant with breakdown by power source (kWh/person), Source: IEA/OECD 2006 T23, 2007 T25, 2008 T26, 2009 T25 and 2010 T49.
  2. ^ IEA Key stats 2010 pages 50 and 56
  3. ^ IEA Key stats 2010 pages 25
  4. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010, table: Specific electricity production per inhabitant with breakdown by power source Table 49.
  5. ^ Wind in power 2010 European statistics EWEA February 2011 page 11