Visa policy of Australia
|Entry and exit stamps.|
- a citizen of one of the 36 eVisitor or 9 Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) eligible countries,
- a citizen of New Zealand, under the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, or
- eligible for visa-free travel under other laws such as Special purpose visa.
In addition to the citizens of 45 eVisitor and ETA eligible countries and the citizens of New Zealand who may need to apply for a Visitor visa, the citizens of further 27 eligible countries may apply for the Visitor visa online.
Citizens of 34 countries are officially considered low risk.
- 1 Visa policy map
- 2 Reciprocity issues
- 3 Electronic Visas
- 4 Other visa types
- 5 Visa exemptions
- 6 Modified Non-Return Rate
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Visa policy map
Whilst citizens of all Member States of the European Union and Schengen associated countries are entitled to use the eVisitor system since 27 October 2008, the European Commission is still assessing whether the eVisitor visa fully satisfies reciprocity requirements. In its Seventh report on certain third countries' maintenance of visa requirements in breach of the principle of reciprocity from 2012, the European Commission found that in principle, the eVisitor provides equal treatment of the citizens of all Member States and Schengen associated countries. However, while the average autogrant rate was high (86,36 %), the quarterly reports on eVisitor application statistics showed that applications by citizens of some Member States are mainly processed manually. Autogrant rates for Bulgaria and Romania were at just 18% and 23%, as the majority of applications were sent for additional examination. The Commission therefore engaged to continue to closely monitor the processing of eVisitor applications. The Commission would submit its assessment of whether eVisitor is equivalent to the Schengen visa application process in a separate document in parallel with the assessment of the Final Rule on ESTA. Currently the Schengen Area does not have visa requirements in place for short-term stays of Australian nationals. The United Kingdom and Ireland are exempt from this particular EU policy, but still do not impose any short-term visa requirements on Australians.
Some countries regard the ETA as being equivalent to visa-free travel when deciding whether to grant the same to Australians wishing to enter their territory. The United States, for example, offers their Visa Waiver Program to Australian passport-holders, and one of the conditions for joining this scheme is that "Governments provide reciprocal visa-free travel for U.S. citizens for 90 days for tourism or business purposes". However, United States require from January 2009 similar ETA from citizens of Australia and some more countries. This system is not called visa, but Electronic System for Travel Authorization, therefore the USA still allows visa-free travel for Australians. As of December 1998, Japan has also granted visa-free access to Australians. Other ETA eligible countries and territories Canada, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and South Korea (90 days) and Taiwan (30 days) also grant visa-free access to Australians while Brunei grants Australians a 30 day visa on arrival.
eVisitor and Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) are authorisations for entry to Australia available to holders of certain passports. Established in 1996 to remove the need for some people to apply for full visas, they can be applied for online, or in certain ETA cases through travel agents, airlines, specialist service providers or Australian visa offices. Electronic tourist visas (class 600) are processed by Australian visa offices and consulates outside Australia but the citizens of certain countries can apply online and their applications, if a requested period of stay is three months or less, and no further information or checking is required, may be granted in a matter of minutes. In other cases, the application will be manually processed by a case officer.
eVisitor (Subclass 651)
The eVisitor was introduced on 27 October 2008, replacing an older eVisa system in order to deliver on the commitment between the Australian Government and the European Commission to introduce reciprocal short stay travel arrangements for their nationals, while still maintaining the universal visa system. On 23 March 2013 the business and tourist purposes eVisitors were merged into a single application. The eVisitor is available to citizens of all 28 European Union member states and 8 other European countries that are affiliated with the Schengen Area. The eVisitor visa is issued free of charge and allows a stay of up to 3 months at a time in a 12 month period for tourism or business purposes. At the time of travel to, and entry into, Australia, all holders of an eVisitor must be free from tuberculosis and must not have any criminal convictions for which the sentence or sentences (whether served or not) total 12 months or more.
Citizen holders of the following passports are eligible:
Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) (subclass 601)
Development of the ETA system commenced in January 1996. It was first implemented in Singapore on a trial basis on 11 September 1996, for Singapore and US passport holders travelling on Qantas and Singapore Airlines. Implementation of online applications began in June 2001. The current Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) (subclass 601) came into effect on 23 March 2013 replacing older ETAs (subclass 976, 977 and 956) and offering a single authorization for both tourists and business people. The ETA allows a stay of up to 3 months at a time in a 12 month period for tourism or business purposes. There is no visa application charge but a service charge of AUD20 applies. At the time of travel to, and entry into, Australia, all holders of an ETA must be free from tuberculosis and must not have any criminal convictions for which the sentence or sentences (whether served or not) total 12 months or more.
Citizen holders of the following passports can apply online:
The citizens of 24 eVisitor eligible countries and citizens of Taiwan may also apply for the ETA but solely through a travel agent, airline, specialist service provider or an Australian visa office outside Australia.
Online Visitor visa (e600)
Citizens of other countries need to apply at the nearest Australian consular office or Australian Visa Application Centres (run by VFS Global). Australia intends to progressively expand online lodgement of the Visitor (subclass 600) visa to everyone.
Other visa types
- Transit visa (Subclass 771)1, for people who wish to transit through Australia and who do not qualify for transit without a visa or people travelling to Australia to join a vessel as crew.
- Medical Treatment (Subclass 602)2, for people to have medical treatment or medical consultations, donate an organ or support the person who is having medical treatment in Australia but not to have medical treatment for surrogate motherhood.
- Working Holiday Visa (Subclass 417)1, for people aged 18 to 30 years of age, who are interested to have an extended holiday while supplementing their funds with short-term work of up to 12 months and who come from Belgium, Canada, Cyprus, Republic of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan or the United Kingdom.
- Work and Holiday Visa (Subclass 462)1, for people aged 18 to 30 years of age, who are interested to have an extended holiday while supplementing their funds with short-term work of up to 12 months and who come from Argentina, Bangladesh, Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, the USA or Uruguay.
- Special Program (Subclass 416)1, for people to participate in approved programs that provide opportunities for cultural enrichment and community benefit.
1 – must apply for this visa outside Australia.
2 – can apply for this visa in or outside Australia.
Special Category Visa
Citizens of New Zealand can enter Australia, live and work indefinitely if they present a valid New Zealand passport, and met the following conditions; no criminal convictions, no untreated tuberculosis and have not been deported, excluded or removed from any country. Qualifying New Zealand citizens are issued with a Special Category Visa on arrival at any Australian port, unless they already hold another type of Australian visa.
Special Purpose Visa
A special purpose visa is a visa given by operation of law to certain non-citizens in Australia to whom standard visa and immigration clearance arrangements do not apply. It effectively exempts certain persons from the normal processes for entry into Australia. These include members of the Royal Family and the members of the Royal party, guests of Government, SOFA forces members including civilian component members, Asia‑Pacific forces members, Commonwealth forces members, foreign armed forces dependants, foreign naval forces members, airline positioning crew members and airline crew members, eligible transit passengers, persons visiting Macquarie Island, eligible children born in Australia and Indonesian traditional fishermen visiting the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands.
Transit without visa
Some travellers do not need a transit visa if they depart Australia by air within 8 hours of the scheduled time of their arrival, hold confirmed onward booking and documentation necessary to enter the country of their destination and remain in the transit lounge at an airport (i.e. they do not need to personally re-check their luggage).
Holders of the following passports can transit through Australia under this arrangement:
- eVisitor eligible passports
- ETA eligible passports
Citizens of these countries:
- Residents of Taiwan holding a passport issued by the authorities of Taiwan (other than passports purported to be official or diplomatic passports).
- People holding British passports (irrespective of endorsement in passport regarding national status).
- People who are nationals of the People's Republic of China and who hold Hong Kong (SAR China) passports.
- People who hold diplomatic passports.
Norfolk Island permanent residents
Non-citizens who are permanent residents of Norfolk Island are not required to hold a visa to travel to Australia. They apply for a Permanent Resident of Norfolk Island visa (PRNIV) at an Australian airport.
Modified Non-Return Rate
The Modified Non-Return Rate is a calculation of the people who arrive on a Visitor visa granted outside Australia, but do not depart before their visa expires. It is considered when assessing visa applications as an indicator of Visitor visa compliance.
|Antigua and Barbuda||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Brunei Darussalam2 3||0.74||0.35||1.06|
|Central African Republic||N/A4||0.00||N/A4|
|China, People's Republic of||0.39||0.32||0.32|
|Democratic Republic of Congo||2.99||5.33||10.14|
|Korea, Dem Peoples Rep Of||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Korea, Republic of2 3||0.89||1.02||1.10|
|Papua New Guinea||1.31||0.86||0.83|
|San Marino1 3||0.00||0.00||3.77|
|Sao Tome & Principe||N/A4||0.00||N/A4|
|Serbia and Montenegro||0.00||0.00||N/A4|
|St Vincent & the Grenadines||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Trinidad and Tobago||0.95||0.31||2.19|
|UN Convention Refugee||9.19||4.40||0.00|
|United Arab Emirates||0.31||0.38||0.35|
|United Kingdom1 3||0.68||0.69||0.76|
|United Nations Organisation||0.00||0.97||0.00|
|United States of America2 3||0.74||0.73||0.64|
|Vatican City1 3||0.00||0.00||0.00|
1 - eVisitor eligible
2 - online ETA eligible
3 - officially considered low risk
4 - N/A indicates that no arrivals were recorded for this citizenship during the reporting period
- Tourism in Australia
- Australian migration zone
- Visa requirements for Australian citizens
- Immigration to Australia
- The list of ETA eligible passports which are considered low risk
- "COM(2012) 681 final REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL - Seventh report on certain third countries' maintenance of visa requirements in breach of the principle of reciprocity" (.pdf). European Commission.
- "Same visa policy for all European Union Member States". EUROPA. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- Office for Official Publications of the European Communities (2001-03-21). "Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001" (subscription required). Official Journal of the European Communities 44 (L 81): 1–7; Article 1(2) and Annex II.
- "Visa and Direct Airside Transit Visa (DATV) nationals". UK Visas. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Do I need a visa to come to Ireland?". Department of Foreign Affairs, Government of Ireland. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Visa Waiver Program (VWP)". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Visa Waiver Program - How a Country Qualifies". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Visa Free Entry to Japan for Short-term Visitors from Australia". Department of Immigration and Citizenship. 1998-11-05. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Countries and territories whose citizens do not need a visa (visa exemptions)". Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Visit Visa / Entry Permit Requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region". Immigration Department of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Visa Requirement by Country". Immigration Department of Malaysia. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Visa Requirements for Entry into Singapore". High Commission of The Republic of Singapore - London. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Nationals of countries or regions allowed for visa-free entry". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Visa-Exempt Entry". Bureau of Consular Affairs. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Visa Information". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Fact Sheet 53 – Australia's Entry System for Visitors". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "eVisitor (subclass 651)". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "eVisitor: Frequently asked questions for clients". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Excluding British National (Overseas), British Overseas Territories citizen, British Overseas citizen, British protected person or British Subject passport.
- "For eVisitor Applicants - Who can apply". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Policy study on an EU Electronic System for travel Authorization (EU ESTA) - Annexes: Introduction of the ETA, eVisitor and eVisa systems". PricewaterhouseCoopers. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for Electronic Travel Authority (subclass 601)". Australian - Embassy Republic of Korea. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Electronic Travel Authority (Subclass 601)". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "For Electronic Travel Authority Applicants - Who can apply". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Republic of San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom (British Citizen, British National-Overseas), Vatican City.
- "Visitor Visa (Subclass 600)". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Visitor (e600) Visa – Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- About Your Visa
- "Online lodgement Arrangements for Subclass 600". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- Visitors - Visas & Immigration
- Visa Application Charges
- Transit Visa (Subclass 771)
- Medical Treatment Visa (Subclass 602)
- Working Holiday Visa (Subclass 417)
- Work and Holiday Visa (Subclass 462)
- Special Program Visa (Subclass 416)
- "Fact Sheet 17 – New Zealanders in Australia". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Migration Act 1958, taking into account amendments up to Migration Amendment (Temporary Sponsored Visas) Act 2013". Australian Government - ComLaw. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Migration Regulations 1994, taking into account amendments up to Migration Amendment (Visa Application Charge) Regulation 2013". Australian Government - ComLaw. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Transit without visa arrangements - When a visa is not needed
- Not applicable to nationals of these countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mauritania, Morocco, Pakistan, the Republic of Yemen, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Zimbabwe, Arab Non-National Passport Holders (ANNPH) or Taiwanese holding diplomatic or official passports.
- "Fact Sheet 59 - Immigration Arrangements for Norfolk Island". Department of Immigration & Border Protection. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 31 December 2012
- Department of Immigration & Border Protection
- Tourism Australia