E-learning

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For the use of all types of technology, including electronic technologies, in learning and education, see Educational technology. For a list of articles on learning theory, see Learning theory (disambiguation). For the statistical modeling methodology for online data, see Online machine learning.

E-learning is the use of electronic technology in teaching and learning, and accordingly is a subset of educational technology.[1]

The origin and etymology of e-learning is contested, and the "e" does not necessarily mean electronic (as per e-mail or e-commerce). For example, Luskin, an educational technology pioneer, advocated that the "e" of e-learning should be interpreted to mean "exciting, energetic, enthusiastic, emotional, extended, excellent, and educational" in addition to "electronic."[2] Parks suggested that the "e" should refer to "everything, everyone, engaging, easy".[3] Coined between 1997 and 1999, e-learning became first attached to either a distance learning service[4] or it was used for the first time at the CBT systems seminar.[5] The term has been used extensively to describe the use of online, personalised, interactive, or virtual education.

E-learning includes information and communication technology (ICT) in education, EdTech, learning technology, multimedia learning, technology-enhanced learning (TEL), computer-based instruction (CBI), computer managed instruction, computer-based training (CBT), computer-assisted instruction or computer-aided instruction (CAI), internet-based training (IBT), flexible learning, web-based training (WBT), online education, online learning,[6] virtual education, virtual learning environments (VLE; which are also called learning platforms), m-learning, and digital education.[7] All of these terms appear in articles and reviews; the term "e-learning" is used frequently, but is variously and imprecisely defined and applied.[1][2][3]

Moore et al found "significant variation in the understanding and usage of terms used in this field" and pointed to "implications for the referencing, sharing and collaboration of results."[1] The various alternative terms are all linguistically more restrictive than "educational technology" in that they individually emphasize a particular digitization approach, component or delivery method. Accordingly, each conflates to the broad domain of educational technology. For example, m-learning emphasizes mobility, but is otherwise indistinguishable in principle from educational technology.

In usage, e-learning is an extremely significant (but incomplete) subset of educational technology. As such, various aspects of e-learning are discussed in that article.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Moore, J. L.; Dickson-Deane, C.; Galyen, K. (2011). "e-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same?". The Internet and Higher Education 14 (2): 129–135. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.10.001. 
  2. ^ a b Bernard Luskin. "Think "Exciting": E-Learning and the Big "E"". 
  3. ^ a b Eric Parks. "What's the "e" in e-Learning?". Askinternational.com. 
  4. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20130518215954/http://connectedplanetonline.com/mag/telecom_bright_future_distance
  5. ^ http://www.talentlms.com/elearning/history_of_elearning
  6. ^ Major, Claire (2015). Teaching online: A guide to theory, research, and practice. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. 
  7. ^ Educational technology entry at Wikidata

External links[edit]