Elektroprivreda Srbije

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Elektroprivreda Srbije
Native name Електропривреда Србије
Type State-owned enterprise
Industry Electric utility
Predecessor(s) Električno Preduzeće Srbije
(1945-1965)
Združeno Elektroprivredno Preduzeće Srbije
(1965-1991)
Founded Belgrade, Serbia (July 1, 2005 (2005-07-01))
First founded 1991
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia
Area served Serbia
Key people Aleksandar Obradović (CEO)
Products Electric power
Coal
Services Electricity generation and distribution, electricity retailing, mining
Revenue Increase 1.917 billion (2013)[1]
Net income Increase €167.23 million (2013)[1]
Total assets Increase €9.588 billion (2013)[1]
Total equity Increase €6.979 billion (2013)[1]
Owner(s) Government of Serbia (100%)
Employees 31,569 (2013)[1][2]
36,038(2013)[3][4]
Subsidiaries Elektromreža Srbije
HPP Đerdap I
HPP Đerdap II
HPP Drinsko - Limske
TENT
TE-KO Kostolac
Panonske TE-TO
RB Kolubara
Elektrovojvodina
Elektrodistribucija Beograd
Elektrosrbija
Centar
Jugoistok
EPS Snadbevanje
Website www.eps.rs

Elektroprivreda Srbije (abbr. EPS; full legal name: Javno preduzeće Elektroprivreda Srbije Beograd) is the state-owned electric utility power company with headquarters in Belgrade, Serbia. It was founded in 1991 and it has about 31,500 employees, making it the largest enterprise in the country.

The company has an installed capacity of 8,359 MW and generates 38.9 TWh of electricity per year. Its installed capacity in lignite-fired thermal power plant is 5,171 MW, gas-fired and liquid fuel-fired combined heat and power plants is 353 MW, and hydro power plants is 2,835 MW. EPS also operates three power plants of total capacity 461 MW which are not in the ownership of the company.[2]

EPS is also the largest producer of lignite in Serbia operating in the Kolubara and Kostolac basins, producing around 37 million tonnes per year.[5] These two power plants has total installed capacity of 1,029 MW per year.

History[edit]

Since 1870, the coal production has begun in Serbia. Fourteen years later, the first electric lighting in Serbia was furnished in the military office building in Kragujevac. On October 6, 1893, the first Serbian power plant in Belgrade started with the production of electricity.[6]

In 1900, first hydroelectric power plant to produce alternating current Pod gradom in Užice on the river Đetinja was put in the electricity grid. This power plant is still working operating. The first transmission line from hydroelectric power plant Vučje to Leskovac, with the length of 17 km, was three years later in operation.[7][8] In 1909, hydroelectric plants Gamzigrad in Zaječar and Sveta Petka in Niš began to build.[9] Two years later, the hydroelectric power station on the river Moravica in Ivanjica was put in the operation.[10]

In Belgrade, the power plant Snaga i Svetlost was built in 1933, being one of the largest in the Balkans at that time. The establishment of the Električno Preduzeće Srbije followed in 1945. Between 1947 and 1950, the hydroelectric power plant Sokolovica and coal power plants Mali Kostolac and Veliki Kostolac, the first power stations to be built in Serbia after the Second World War.[11] In 1952, the underground mining of the coal field Kolubara had started. Four years later, coal power plant RB Kolubara went in operation. A year earlier, the hydroelectric power plants Vlasina and Zvornik have been connected to the power grid. In the period from 1960 to 1967, hydroelectric power plants Bistrica, Kokin Brod and Potpeć were under construction.

In 1965, Združeno Elektroprivredno Preduzece Srbije was founded. The coal-fired power plant Bajina Bašta began with the production of electricity a year later. The two largest power plants in Serbia, the hydroelectric power plant HPP Đerdap I at the Danube river and the coal power plant TENT, went into operation in 1970. Twelve years later, the pumped storage plant Bajina Bašta was built, and in 1990 the hydroelectric power station Pirot was put into operation. In 1991, the company was reorganized and changed name to Elektroprivreda Srbije.

During the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, many power plants have been severely damaged. With the establishment of the UNMIK administration in Kosovo on July 1, 1999, the company lost its access to the local coal mines and power plants, including Kosovo A and Kosovo B power plants.[2]

Following the stabilization of the country after war, in 2004 EPS was again a member of the European interconnected system UCTE. Company operates in the current form since July 1, 2005. Then, the electric power transmission division of EPS was split from the company and established as its own public enterprise, named Elektromreža Srbije (EMS).[12]

Since 2007, EPS has prepared plans for the construction of new power plants and the expansion of existing plants to increase generating capacity and meet growing consumption demand.[13]

EPS currently holds a monopoly on the electricity market in Serbia, however since January 1, 2013, the market has been open to other companies. The market is expected to be completely liberalized in the coming years.[14]

Market and financial data[edit]

In 2011, company's total assets and the equity increased for nearly 100 percent.[15][16]

According to the consolidated annual report in 2012, total assets of this company dropped from 12.049 billion to €9.446 billion, and the total company's equity dropped from €8.909 billion to €6.867 billion, with the negative net income of 108.51 million euros.[1][17] In 2013, the company managed to become profitable after one-year break, with annual net profit of €167.23 million.

Financial data in millions of euro[18][19][20]
2010 2011 2012 2013
Revenue 1 634 1 819 1 674 1 917
Net income -27 256 -108 167
Total assets 5 942 11 980 9 446 9 558
Total equity 4 294 9 696 6 867 6 979
Staff 32 708 32 178 31 887 31 569
Sales[21] 220 251 276 267

Subsidiaries[edit]

Corruption[edit]

In 2011 EPS was under the investigation by the police and the national anti-corruption body. Allegations were related to RB Kolubara (EPS's subsidiary) management which was found to be implicated in a number of different schemes involving equipment procurement and leasing and the sale of coal.[22] In October 2011 authorities arrested 17 people, including two former directors of the Kolubara mine Dragan Tomic and Vladan Jovicic, eight executive managers and seven owners of private firms with which Kolubara conducted business.[23] In April 2014 the Organized Crime Prosecutor has issued an official order for the police to look into the allegations about possible wrongdoings at the EPS. The allegations were based on the report of the Anti-Corruption Council which showed discrepancies in the quantities of electricity imported and exported by EPS from 2010 to 2012.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Основни подаци из консолидованог финансијског извештаја за 2013. годину". Agencija za privredne registre Srbije. Retrieved 17 June 2014. (Serbian)
  2. ^ a b c "About Us". eps.rs. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Including employees from the Kosovo disputed territory". 
  4. ^ "eps.rs". Подаци о компанији (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "EPS". Energy Fundamentals. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "120 godina elektrifikacije Srbije". vreme.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Hidroelektrana Vučje". teslaways.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Vucje Power Plant – a World Heritage Gem". voiceofserbia.org. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Hidroelektrana "Gamzigrad"". teslaways.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  10. ^ "Nine decades of hydroelectric power station "Moravica" in Ivanjica". vibilia.rs. politika.rs. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "„Oteta“ elektrana – temelj buduće Elektroprivrede". te-ko.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Osnovano Javno preduzeće za prenos električne energije i upravljanje prenosnim sistemom "Elektromreža Srbije"". ekapija.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Electric Power System of Serbia - Energy Community Priority Projects". Energy Community. 28 September 2007. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Forbes visits Electric Power Industry of Serbia". South-East-Europe Business. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "Основни подаци из годишњег финансијског извештаја за обвезника ревизије за 2011. годину". apr.gov.rs. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Vrednost EPS-a povećana za četiri milijarde evra". euractiv.rs. Retrieved 22 August 2013. (Serbian)
  17. ^ J., B,. "Odakle u EPS gubitak od 290 miliona €!". ALO!. Retrieved 22 August 2013. (Serbian)
  18. ^ "Основни подаци из консолидованог финансијског извештаја за 2011. годину". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Agencija za privredne registre. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  19. ^ "Основни подаци из консолидованог финансијског извештаја за 2012. годину". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Agencija za privredne registre. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "Основни подаци из консолидованог финансијског извештаја за 2013. годину". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Agencija za privredne registre. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  21. ^ "Yearly liabilities for net salaries and fringe benefits". 
  22. ^ Balkan insight. Investigation at Serbia's Kolubara Mine. Retrieved 12 June 2014
  23. ^ a b Regional anti-corruption initiative. INVESTIGATING SERBIA'S FRAUD OF THE CENTURY. Retrieved 12 June 2014

External links[edit]