The Eleme live in ten village-clusters situated in Eleme Local Government Area (ELGA), Rivers State, around 20 km east of Port Harcourt. The total territory occupied by the Eleme people expands across approximately 140 square kilometres.
Linguistically and ethnographically the Eleme Kingdom is one of the six Ogoni Kingdoms and related to the Ogoni people.
Eleme has a future rule to play in the development of the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria,Before now,the eleme people were behind in the educational sector,but now they are one of the educated eleme local government of the state,Again they are the center of trade in that region,because eleme market is the most purpolar market in the region. The Eleme are traditionally an agricultural society, with workers travelling out to farms situated around the villages. Crops include yams, cassava, oil palm fruit, fluted pumpkin, and bitter-leaf. Crops are primarily used to sustain each family (a system of agriculture known as subsistence farming), but each family also typically trades their excess crops at one of the town markets. Even where family members are employed outside of agriculture, they still farm their own land as a supplementary income. Farm workers are usually women.
Eleme has two clans, the Odido and the Nchia, with same dialect, but with the western education and civilization pronunciations are changing. Those from the odido still speak the correct dialet. The eleme language means, Eleame(which means who wins)
Christianity is the dominant major-religion in South-Eastern Nigeria and is widespread in Eleme. Traditional animist beliefs are also upheld by the majority of the population, including those who identify themselves as Christians. Marriages are traditionally polygamous and commonly exogamous with both other Ogoni and non-Ogoni groups across the Niger Delta. While the introduction of Christianity has undoubtedly led to a greater number of monogamous marriages in the region, polygamy and Christianity do not appear to be mutually exclusive in some families.
The Eleme language is potentially endangered. The eleme is the language they speak. There Name is Mboli which is not meantioned. The complete History of Eleme can Explain this more. Written By Chief Obo Ngofa.
- Bond, Oliver (2004) "Eleme Ethnography - Eleme Society"
- Living Tongues Institute For Endangered Languages