Elenore Abbott

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Elenore Abbott
Born Elenore Plaisted
1875
Lincoln, Maine, United States
Died 1935
Nationality American
Education Philadelphia School of Design for Women, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Drexel Institute
Known for Illustration, scenic design, painting
Movement Art Nouveau[1]
Spouse(s) C. Yarnall Abbott
"Earthmen, Come Up" for The Two Kings' Children in Grimms' Fairy Tales, 1920.[2]
The Shoes that Were Danced to Pieces for Grimm's Fairy Tales, 1920.

Elenore Plaisted Abbott (1875 – 1935) was an American Art Nouveau book illustrator, scenic designer, and painter. She illustrated early 20th-century editions of Grimm's Fairy Tales, Robinson Crusoe, Kidnapped and other books and magazines. She was educated at three art schools in Philadelphia and Paris and influenced by Howard Pyle. She was among a group of New Women who sought educational and professional opportunities for women, including creating professional art associations like The Plastic Club to promote their work. She was married to fellow artist and lawyer C. Yarnall Abbott.

Early life and education[edit]

Elenore Plaisted was born in Lincoln, Maine. She studied art at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and in Paris, France at the Académie des Beaux-Arts,[3] where her work was exhibited.[4] Abbott moved back to Philadelphia in 1899. She was influenced significantly by Howard Pyle, her instructor at the Drexel Institute. She said later in her life that she created her favorite pieces under his tutelage.[3]

Career[edit]

Abbott, known for her book illustrations, was also a landscape and portrait painter and scenic designer,[4] including work for Hedgerow Theatre's production of The Emperor Jones.[3] She produced illustrations for Harper's Magazine, the Saturday Evening Post,[3] and Scribner's magazines.[3][5] Abbott created illustrations for books, such as Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island and Kidnapped, Johann David Wyss's Swiss Family Robinson, Louisa May Alcott's Old Fashioned Girl, and the Grimm's Fairy Tales.[3]

Elenore Abbott loves her fairy tales, and no child who receives such a book will be disappointed... Elenore Abbott is not on the surface a clever artist; her active, vigorous yet idealist’s mind is brought into subjection and guides the long sensitive fingers that hold the water color brush.

—Evan Nagel Wolf, 1919[3]

Abbott was a member of the Philadelphia Water Color Club[4] and Philadelphia's The Plastic Club, an organization established by women artists to promote "Art for art's sake". Its members included Jessie Wilcox Smith, Violet Oakley, and Elizabeth Shippen Green.[6] These women were identified as the New Woman. As educational opportunities were made more available in the 19th-century, women artists became part of professional enterprises, including founding their own art associations. Artwork made by women was considered to be inferior, and to help overcome that stereotype women became "increasingly vocal and confident" in promoting women's work, and thus became part of the emerging image of the educated, modern and freer "New Woman".[7] Artists the, "played crucial roles in representing the New Woman, both by drawing images of the icon and exemplifying this emerging type through their own lives." In the late 19th-century and early 20th century about 88% of the subscribers of 11,000 magazines and periodicals were women. As women entered the artist community, publishers hired women to create illustrations that depict the world through a woman's perspective. Other successful illustrators were Jennie Augusta Brownscombe and Rose O'Neill.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Elenore married lawyer and artist C. Yarnall Abbott in 1907 and the couple lived in Rose Valley, Pennsylvania after 1911.[3] Her husband designed the family house with a studio for Elenore and himself.[9] They had a daughter Marjorie, named after Elenore's maternal aunt. When her aunt died, the Abbotts took in her daughters, Sonya and Elenore.[3] Elenore Abbot co-founded the Rose Valley swimming pool, in 1928, which was housed on land donated by the Abbotts and financed by the sale of some of Elenore's paintings.[3]

Works[edit]

Illustrations[edit]

  • Louisa May Alcott, Illustrations by Elenore Plaisted Abbott (1926). An Old-Fashioned Girl. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. OCLC 105983. 
  • Hans Christian Andersen, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1922). Flower Maiden and Other Stories. Edward Shenton. 
  • Anna Maynard Barbour, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1901). That Mainwaring Affair. Philadelphia, London: J.B. Lippincott Company. OCLC 10756052. 
  • Jay Cady, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1912). The Stake: A Story of the New England Coast. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs & Company. OCLC 11337900. 
  • Dwight Burroughs, Illustrations by Helen Alden Knipe and Elenore Plaisted Abbott (1907). Jack, the Giant Killer, Jr. George W. Jacobs. 
  • Edward Childs Carpenter, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1906). Captain Courtesy: A Tale of Southern California. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs. 
  • Edward Childs Carpenter, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1907). The Code of Victor Jallot: A Romance of Old New Orleans. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs. 
  • Daniel Defoe, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1919). Robinson Crusoe. London. 
  • Ellen Anderson Gholson Glasgow, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1923). The shadowy third, and other stories. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page and Company. 
  • Jacob Grimm, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1920). Grimm's Fairy Tales. New York: C. Scribner's Sons. 
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1911). A Wonder Book and Tanglewood Tales. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs & Company. 
  • Elbridge H. Sabin, Illustrations by Helen Alden Knipe and Elenore Plaisted Abbott (1910). The Magical Man of Mirth. George N. Jacobs. 
  • Robert Louis Stevenson, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1915). Kidnapped. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs & Company. OCLC 333026. 
  • Robert Louis Stevenson, Illustrations by Eleanore Abbott (1911). Treasure Island. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs & Company. OCLC 7602448. 

Watercolor paintings[edit]

She made the following watercolor paintings by 1916, when they were exhibited at the Philadelphia Water Color Exhibition:[10]

  • Endymion and the Nereids
  • The Fairy Tale
  • Kerfol
  • Lamia
  • Madrigal
  • The Mother
  • Oh, to Line in the Grass with Pan!
  • Water

Collections[edit]

  • Brandywine River Museum, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania
    • Peggy Abbott Harvey and Daughter Bret (portrait), c. 1930, oil on canvas[11]
    • I Was Despairing When the Bird Returned, c. 1914, watercolor on illustration board for Swiss Family Robinson[12]
    • On a Rude Throne Sat the Mother, c. 1914, watercolor on illustration board for Swiss Family Robinson[13]
    • The Cluster of Grapes Were Ripe and Rich, c. 1914, watercolor on illustration board for Robinson Crusoe[14]
    • The Monkey Resumed His Place, c. 1914, watercolor on illustration board for Swiss Family Robinson[15]
    • Louise Porter (portrait), c. 1932, oil on canvas[16]
    • Presently I Found I Was Holding to a Spar, c. 1913, watercolor on illustration board for Kidnapped[17]
    • We Retired to Our Airy Castle, c. 1914, watercolor on illustration board for Swiss Family Robinson[18]
  • Deleware Art Museum, Wilimington
    • I Was Awakened by the Light of a Hand Lantern Shining in My Face, 1911, gouache on paper for Treasure Island[19]
    • Now and Again I Stumbled, 1911, gouache on paper for Treasure Island[20]
    • One Glance Was Sufficient, 1911, watercolor on paper for Treasure Island[21]
    • Tell Me Straight Or I'll Break Your Arm, 1911, watercolor on paper for Treasure Island[22]
    • When I Waked, It Was Broad Daylight, 1911, gouache on paper for Treasure Island[23]
  • Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia
    • The Dance, 1896-1897, mural[24]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quick Facts and Keywords for Elenore Abbott". Elenore Plaisted Abbott. AskArt. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Jeff A. Menges (19 February 2013). Once Upon a Time . . . A Treasury of Classic Fairy Tale Illustrations. Courier Corporation. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-486-13436-9. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "The Artists post 1911". The Artists. Rose Valley Museum and Historical Society. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Elenore Plaisted Abbott. The Artists Post 1911, Rose Valley Museum and Historical Society. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  5. ^ Library of Congress. Copyright Office. Catalog of Copyright Entries. Part 4. Works of Art, Etc. New Series. 1919. p. 270.
  6. ^ Jill P. May; Robert E. May; Howard Pyle. Howard Pyle: Imagining an American School of Art. University of Illinois Press; 2011. ISBN 978-0-252-03626-2. p. 89.
  7. ^ Laura R. Prieto. At Home in the Studio: The Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Harvard University Press; 2001. ISBN 978-0-674-00486-3. pp. 145–146.
  8. ^ Laura R. Prieto. At Home in the Studio: The Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Harvard University Press; 2001. ISBN 978-0-674-00486-3. p. 160–161.
  9. ^ C. Yarnall Abbott. The Artists Post 1911, Rose Valley Museum and Historical Society. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  10. ^ Philadelphia Water Color Club. Philadelphia Water Color Exhibition Catalogue. 1916. p. 46, 48, 49, 50.
  11. ^ "Peggy Abbott Harvey and Daughter Bret". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "I Was Despairing When the Bird Returned". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  13. ^ "On a Rude Throne Sat the Mother". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  14. ^ "The Cluster of Grapes Were Ripe and Rich". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  15. ^ "The Monkey Resumed His Place". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Louise Porter". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Presently I Found I Was Holding to a Spar". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  18. ^ "We Retired to Our Airy Castle". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  19. ^ "I Was Awakened by the Light of a Hand Lantern Shining in My Face". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Now and Again I Stumbled". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  21. ^ "One Glance Was Sufficient". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Tell Me Straight Or I'll Break Your Arm". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  23. ^ "When I Waked, It Was Broad Daylight". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  24. ^ "The Dance". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  25. ^ Jeff A. Menges (19 February 2013). Once Upon a Time . . . A Treasury of Classic Fairy Tale Illustrations. Courier Corporation. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-486-13436-9. 
  26. ^ Jeff A. Menges (19 February 2013). Once Upon a Time . . . A Treasury of Classic Fairy Tale Illustrations. Courier Corporation. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-486-13436-9. 
  27. ^ Jeff A. Menges (19 February 2013). Once Upon a Time . . . A Treasury of Classic Fairy Tale Illustrations. Courier Corporation. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-486-13436-9. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]