Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland

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Eleanor of Austria
Eleanor of Austria.jpg
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Tenure 1670–1673
Coronation 29 September 1670
Spouse Michael I, King of Poland
Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
Issue Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Charles Joseph, Bishop of Olomouc
Full name
Eleonor Maria Josefa
House House of Habsburg
Father Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Eleanor Gonzaga (1630–1686)
Born (1653-05-21)21 May 1653
Regensburg, Germany
Died 17 December 1697(1697-12-17) (aged 44)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
Signature

Eleanor Maria Josefa of Austria (Polish: Eleonora; 21 May 1653 – 17 December 1697) was, by her two marriages, Queen of Poland and Duchess of Lorraine.

Born in Regensburg, she was the daughter of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Mantua.

Biography[edit]

Eleanor married Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki (known as Michael I), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, on 27 February 1670 in the Jasna Góra Monastery. They had one stillborn son on 29 November 1670. In 1671, she had a miscarriage. The opposition of Michael spread rumours that Michael forced her to fake pregnancies, but this is not considered likely. Queen Eleanor was regarded as a model of goodness, softness and loyalty toward her spouse. She learned Polish, although she preferred Latin, and accompanied Michael on his official journeys around Poland.

Her husband died in 1673. She remained in Poland for a couple of years after his death.

Eleanor then married Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, on 6 February 1678 in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. The couple resided in Innsbrück in Austria. They were the parents of 6 children. She passed to her heirs the inheritance of the Gonzaga of Mantua.

Eleanor died at the age of 44, having outlived both of her husbands and 2 of her children.

Sarcophagus of Eleanor of Austria, Kapuzinergruft, Vienna, Austria

Ancestors[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles II of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Anna of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William V, Duke of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Anna of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Renata of Lorraine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleanor of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles I, Duke of Mantua
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles II Gonzaga
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Catherine of Mayenne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleanor Gonzaga
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Francesco IV Gonzaga
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Gonzaga
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margaret of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.

Titles[edit]

Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland
Born: 31 May 1653 Died: 17 Dec 1697
French royalty
Preceded by
Marie Louise d'Aspremont
Duchess consort of Lorraine
1678–1697
Succeeded by
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
Royal titles
Preceded by
Marie Louise Gonzaga
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

1670–1673
Succeeded by
Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien