Elephanta Island

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Not to be confused with Elephant Island or Elephantine Island.
Elephanta Island
Gharapuri
Island Neighbourhood
The island as seen from close to the boat landing
The island as seen from close to the boat landing
Elephanta Island is located in Maharashtra
Elephanta Island
Elephanta Island
Coordinates: 18°57′36″N 72°56′06″E / 18.96°N 72.935°E / 18.96; 72.935Coordinates: 18°57′36″N 72°56′06″E / 18.96°N 72.935°E / 18.96; 72.935
Country India
State Maharashtra
Metro Mumbai
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Elephanta Island (also called Gharapuri Island or place of caves or Pory Island[1]) is one of a number of islands in Mumbai Harbour, east of Mumbai, India.

Tourist attractions and accessibility[edit]

View of Elephanta island jetty, from Elephanta Caves.

This island is a popular tourist destination because of the island's cave temples, the Elephanta Caves, that have been carved out of rock.

The island is easily accessible by ferry from Mumbai, being about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the south east coast of the island city. Boats leave daily from the Gateway of India, taking about an hour each way. The tickets for these can be bought at the Gateway itself. The first ferry leaves at 9 am, the last at 2 pm. From the boat landing stage on the island, a walkway leads to steps that go up to the famous caves.

There is also a narrow-gauge toy train from the boat area on the dock to the base of the steps leading up to the caves (about 600 meters). Along the path, hawkers sell souvenirs like necklaces, anklets, showpieces and keychains. There are also stalls to buy food and drinks. Small monkeys play along the sides of the path, occasionally thieving items from the hawkers, trashcans and tourists.

History[edit]

Sculpture inside a cave.

Known in ancient times as Gharapuri, Later the name Elephanta island (i.e. "ilha do Elefante"), was given by 16th century Portuguese explorers, after seeing a monolithic basalt sculpture of an elephant found here near the entrance. They decided to take it home but ended up dropping it into the sea because their chains were not strong enough. Later, this sculpture was moved to the Victoria and Albert Museum (now Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum) in Mumbai, by the British.[2]This island was once the capital of a powerful local kingdom. In Manuscript F by Leonardo da Vinci (kept at the Library de France) there is a note in which he says 'Map of Elephanta in India which Antonello the heberdasher has.' We don't know who this florentine travelle Antonello might have been.

Orientation[edit]

The island has an area of 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi). It is located at approximately 18°57′N 72°56′E / 18.95°N 72.93°E / 18.95; 72.93. The area comes under the jurisdiction of the Raigad district in Maharashtra State.

Agricultural makeup[edit]

The island is thickly wooded with palm, mango, and tamarind trees.

Inhabitants[edit]

Boats of fishermen living on the island.

It has a population of about 1,200. The inhabitants are mainly involved in growing rice, fishing, and repairing boats. There are two British-era cannons at the top. Quite recently, a small dam has been built so as to hold rainwater but that part of the island is privately owned and not accessible for tourists.

There are a total of three villages: Shentbandar, Morabandar, and Rajbandar, of which Rajbandar is the capital. Caves and stalls can be seen in Shentbandar. Morabandar has a thick forest. Staying overnight is not permitted for tourists. The first return ferry leaves at 12:30pm and the last at 5:30pm.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Da Cunha 1993, p. 96
  2. ^ HT Cafe, Mumbai, Monday, June 4, 2007 pg.31 - Article 'Lord of the Islands" by Jerry Pinto