Elettaria

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Elettaria
Elettaria cardamomum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-057.jpg
True Cardamom
(Elettaria cardamomum)
1896 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Elettaria
Synonyms[2]
  • Cardamomum Noronha
  • Matonia Stephenson & J.M.Churchill

Elettaria is a genus of plants in the Zingiberaceae. It is native to India, Sri Lanka, Borneo, Sumatra and Malaysia, though some species are naturalized elsewhere.[2]

One member of the genus, Elettaria_cardamomum, is a commercially important spice used as a flavouring agent in many countries.

The following species are recognized as of July 2014:[2]

  1. Elettaria brachycalyx S.Sakai & Nagam. - Sarawak
  2. Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton - India
  3. Elettaria ensal (Gaertn.) Abeyw. - Sri Lanka
  4. Elettaria kapitensis S.Sakai & Nagam. - Sarawak
  5. Elettaria linearicrista S.Sakai & Nagam. - Sarawak, Brunei
  6. Elettaria longipilosa S.Sakai & Nagam. - Sarawak
  7. Elettaria longituba (Ridl.) Holttum - Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia
  8. Elettaria multiflora (Ridl.) R.M.Sm. - Sumatra, Sarawak
  9. Elettaria rubida R.M.Sm. - Sabah, Sarawak
  10. Elettaria stoloniflora (K.Schum.) S.Sakai & Nagam. - Sarawak
  11. Elettaria surculosa (K.Schum.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm. - Sarawak


References[edit]

  1. ^ Elettaria cardamomum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen - Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families