Eleuther

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In Greek mythology, the name Eleuther (Ἑλευθήρ) may refer to:

  • Eleuther, son of Apollo and Aethusa.[1] He is renowned for having an excellent singing voice, which earned him a victory at the Pythian games,[2] and for having been the first to erect a statue of Dionysus,[3] as well as for having given his name to Eleutherae.[4] His sons were Iasius[5] and Pierus.[3] He also had several daughters, who spoke impiously of the image of Dionysus wearing a black aegis, and were driven mad by the god; as a remedy, Eleuther, in accordance with an oracle, established a cult of "Dionysus of the Black Aegis".[6]
  • Eleuther, one of the twenty sons of Lycaon. He and his brother Lebadus were the only not guilty of the abomination prepared for Zeus, and fled to Boeotia.[7]
  • Eleuther, one of the Curetes, was said to have been the eponym of the towns Eleutherae and Eleuthernae in Crete.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 10. 1
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 7. 3
  3. ^ a b Hyginus, Fabulae, 225
  4. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Eleutherai
  5. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 20. 1
  6. ^ Suda s. v. melanaigida Dionyson
  7. ^ Plutarch, Quaestiones Graecae, 39
  8. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Eleutherai, Eleuthernai