Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway

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Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway
EJ&E.jpg
Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway system map (2008).svg
EJ&E (red) and Canadian National Railway (blue) as of 2008
Reporting mark EJE
Locale Chicago and environs
Dates of operation January 1, 1889–January 1, 2013
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Headquarters Gary, Indiana

The Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway (reporting mark EJE) was a Class II railroad, operating between Waukegan, Illinois and Gary Indiana. The railroad served as a link between Class I railroads traveling to and from Chicago, although it operated almost entirely within the city's suburbs, and only entered Chicago where it served the U.S. Steel South Works on the shores of Lake Michigan. Nicknames for the railroad included "The J" and "The Chicago Outer Belt Line". At the end of 1970, the EJ&E operated 205 miles of road on 985 miles of track, carrying 848 million ton-miles of revenue freight in that year alone.

On September 26, 2007, the Canadian National Railway announced it plans to purchase a majority of the EJ&E, leaving a portion of the line in Indiana to be reorganized as the Gary Railway. The purchase was approved on December 24, 2008 by the U.S. Surface Transportation Board, and the deal was consummated effective February 1, 2009.[1] In the years immediately following the merger, the railroad existed as a subsidiary of Canadian National, and EJ&E locomotives that were repainted into CN colors were sub-lettered for the EJ&E.

On December 31, 2012, Canadian National announced that the merger of the EJ&E into Wisconsin Central Ltd. (Another railroad subsidiary of CN) had been completed, and would take effect the following day. On January 1, 2013, the EJ&E effectively ceased to exist, 124 years to the day it was founded.[2]

History[edit]

The Elgin, Joliet and Eastern was created when several local railroads in Illinois and Indiana merged throughout the end of the 19th century. The systems that would make up the EJ&E included the Joliet, Aurora & Northern Railway (which dates back to 1884) and Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway Company of Illinois. The Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway began operations on December 4, 1888 through the merger of these two systems.[citation needed] After the creation of the modern day EJ&E the railroad expanded by purchasing several other smaller lines including the Waukegan & Southwestern Railway; Gardner, Coal City & Northern Railway; Western Indiana Railroad; and the Chicago, Lake Shore & Eastern Railway.[citation needed]

The EJ&E moved to serve industries in the Hammond-East Chicago-Whiting industrial district by acquiring trackage rights in 1894. However, construction of the present line to Gary, Whiting and South Chicago was initiated in 1899 by the Griffith and Northern Railway. Connections with the Chicago, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway and the Western Indiana Railway further penetrated the district, although the EJ&E subsequently acquired both lines. In 1901, United States Steel Corporation purchased the railroad.

The railroad's passenger services began with the start of operations in January 1889.[3]:246 The railroad stopped operating passenger trains in 1907,[4] but continued passenger service until 1909. During those two years, passengers would be transported by caboose.[5]

The EJ&E underwent dieselization relatively early. In 1937, the railroad acquired its first diesel-electric locomotive, an EMC SW switcher, which was designated EJ&E #200.[6] Over the next 12 years, the entire steam fleet was replaced with first generation diesels. The first road diesel, Baldwin DT-6-6-2000 #100, was delivered to the railroad in May 1946.[7] The final steam movement occurred in late May 1949, led by a Mikado 2-8-2, EJ&E #740. The locomotive was sold to the scrapper that September.[8]

In 1988, United States Steel and the Blackstone Group formed Transtar Inc. to serve as a shareholder of the EJ&E and several other affiliated railroads and companies. In March 2001, the Blackstone Group ended their ownership interest in Transtar, resulting in its becoming a fully owned subsidiary of United States Steel.

On May 16, 2006, the EJ&E was the recipient of the 2005 Bronze E. H. Harriman Award for employee safety in group C (line-haul railroads with less than 4 million employee hours per year).[9]

Canadian National/Gary Railway[edit]

EJ&E #303, an EMD SW1200 locomotive, repainted in Gary Railway colors in March 2008.

On September 10, 2007, Crain's Chicago Business reported that the Canadian National Railway was in talks to purchase the EJ&E.[10] In 2004, Canadian National had acquired two railroads, the Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railroad and the Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad, that also previously been owned by Transtar, but that at the time CN acquired them were owned by Great Lakes Transportation, LLC, a Blackstone Group subsidiary created when USS became the sole owner of Transtar). The purchase agreement was officially announced on September 26; CN would purchase the majority of the line. The purchase was initially expected to close in mid-2008, valued at $300 million.

In fact, the closing did not take place until January 31, 2009 (effective February 1, 2009), following regulatory approval of the purchase by the Surface Transportation Board on December 24, 2008.[11][12][13] Canadian National plans to use the EJ&E to route trains around Chicago, where they now face lengthy delays because of congestion in the busy rail hub.

In accordance with its agreement with CN, Transtar retained some railroad infrastructure in Gary, Indiana; this infrastructure has been reorganized as the Gary Railway to continue serving U.S. Steel's plants located this.[14][15]

On Tuesday, March 10, 2009, the first two Canadian National trains debuted on the Elgin, Joliet, & Eastern, with plans to run six trains per day on the lines in the near future.[16]

Motive power[edit]

All-time diesel roster[edit]

The EJ&E's all time diesel roster consisted of:[17]

Image Locomotive Model Quantity Road Numbers Notes
Alco HH660 4 209-212
Alco HH900 1 402
Alco RS-2 10 800-809 Locomotive #801 was eventually sold to Hylsamex, and as of 2012 is still operating. Believed to be the oldest operating diesel locomotive in Mexico.
Alco S-1 5 213-217
Alco S-2 12 451-462
Baldwin DR-4-4-1500 2 A-B sets 700A, 700B, 701A, 701B "Sharknose" body
Baldwin DRS-6-6-1500 2 500-501
Baldwin DT-6-6-2000 27 100-126 Locomotive #100 was a unique prototype. All were sold and scrapped by 1974 replaced by the EMD SD38-2 fleet.
Baldwin VO660 3 270-272
Baldwin VO1000 10 475-484
EJ&E 703.JPG EMD GP38-2 5 700-704 Sold to the Birmingham Southern Railroad in 1987. In 1996, locomotive #703 was repurchased and assigned to Waukegan, IL.
EMD SD9 15 600-614
EMD SD18 5 615, 616, 818, 851, 852 #818 upgraded to SD18U.
EMD SDM 8 802, 804, 809, 811, 813-815, 820 Ex-Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range. Rebuilt from EMD SD9s in 1990.
EJE Engine Trio.PNG EMD SD38 6 650-655
EJ&E SD38.png EMD SD38-2 21 656-675, 891
EMC NC 1 402
EMC NW1 2 400, 401
EMC/EMD NW2 52 403-443, 408, 446-452, 450, 455, 458 There were two separate EMD NW2 locomotives designated #450, though not at the same time. One EJE 450 is possessed by Gary Railway but out of service in US Steel Gary Works.
EMD SW 9 200-208 First diesel locomotives on the EJ&E.
EMD SW1 30 220-249
EMD SW1000 1 459
EJE 446 EMD SW1001.jpg EMD SW1001 3 444-446
EJ&E SW1200.PNG EMD SW1200 23 300-307, 310-324 EJ&E #315 was involved in an accident in 2000 and was subsequently scrapped in 2003.[18]
EMD SW8 1 457
EMD SW9 2 454, 456
EMD SW900 1 453
EJE SW1500.PNG EMD SW1500 1 460
EMD TR4 1 308/309 Rebuilt from a UP Cow/Calf Set; Calf made into a Cow unit.

Locomotive designations in bold indicate that these models were on the roster at the time of the railroad's sale to the Canadian National Railway.

Communities[edit]

The EJ&E connects the following cities and large towns:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CN closes deal on Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway | CTV News
  2. ^ CN | CN completes intra-corporate merger of Elgin, Joliet and Eastern into Wisconsin Central subsidiary
  3. ^ Sanders, Craig (2003). Limiteds, locals, and expresses in Indiana, 1838-1971. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34216-3. OCLC 50598164. 
  4. ^ p.14 Jaenicke, Paul W & Eisenbrandt , Ralph Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway 2007 Arcadia Publishing
  5. ^ Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway Archive - FAQ
  6. ^ Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway Archive - Diesel Locomotive Roster: 200
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Joliet Herald-News Sunday June 5, 1949
  9. ^ Association of American Railroads (reprinted by Norfolk Southern Railway) (2006-05-16). "Railroads Set Another Employee Safety Record in 2005". Archived from the original on 2007-02-13. Retrieved 2006-05-24. 
  10. ^ Tita, Bob (2007-09-10). "Rail deal offers city a remedy". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 2007-09-14. [dead link]
  11. ^ "SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD APPROVES CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAY'S ACQUISITION OF ELGIN, JOLIET & EASTERN RAILWAY" (Press release). United States Surface Transportation Board. December 24, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2009. 
  12. ^ Dowd, Allan (December 24, 2008). "Regulators OK CN deal for EJ&E, with conditions". Reuters UK. Retrieved January 4, 2009. 
  13. ^ Sturgeon, Jamie (December 26, 2008). "Canadian National Railway gets its wish, but pays for it". Financial Post. Retrieved January 4, 2009. [dead link]
  14. ^ "CN Railway to buy EJ&E line for $300 million". Reuters. 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  15. ^ "CN to acquire key operations of Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway for US$300 million" (Press release). Canadian National Railway. 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-09-26. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Canadian National Railway trains to debut on Elgin, Joliet & Eastern line Tuesday". Chicago Tribune. March 10, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2009. [dead link]
  17. ^ Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway Archive - Diesel Locomotive Roster: 100
  18. ^ Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway Archive - Diesel Locomotive Roster: 300

External links[edit]