Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres
The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres
|Address||189 Yonge Street
|Owner||Ontario Heritage Trust|
|Type||Edwardian stacked theatres|
|Architect||Thomas W. Lamb|
They are the last surviving Edwardian stacked theatres in the world. The pair were originally built as the flagship of Marcus Loew's theatre chain in 1913. The building was designed by architect Thomas W. Lamb, who also built the Ed Mirvish Theatre.
Both theatres were built to show vaudeville acts and the short silent movies of the time. Each theatre was intended to compete in a different market.
The gold-and-marble, domed, 'hard-top' lower theatre, Loew's Yonge Street Theatre, was home to continuous vaudeville and movies. The upper-level Winter Garden is an 'atmospheric' country garden under the stars. The upper theatre was built for the 'Big Time' vaudeville market and had reserved seats at premium prices, catering to the upper middle class. As well as competing in a different market, the upper theatre could be used for experimentation with acts, without the risk of closing the lower theatre.
By 1928, feature-length silent films were popular, but sound films were just coming into their own. In 1928 the lower theatre was converted to show sound films and the upper theatre was closed. The Winter Garden remained shuttered for about sixty years. Left inside it was a large collection of vaudeville flats and scenery, now the world's largest surviving collection. In 1969, Loews sold the Elgin to Famous Players. By the 1970s, the Elgin was showing mainly B movies and very soft core pornography.
In 1981 the Ontario Heritage Foundation bought the structure from Famous Players and Cats was very successfully shown at the essentially unrestored Elgin, showing the viability of the theatre. The building was closed in 1987 to be fully restored and then reopened in 1989.
In 1991, Dr. David Griesinger and Steve Barbar of Lexicon, Inc., at the request of acousticians Neil Muncy and Robert Tanner, installed the first production LARES system in the Elgin Theatre. LARES is an electroacoustic enhancement system that augments architectural acoustics. This initial LARES system used two microphones placed at the balcony's front edge to pick up sound from the stage. The microphone signals were digitized and processed in two mainframe computers, and the resulting signals were sent to 56 loudspeakers in the main ceiling and 60 under the balcony, for the purpose of providing additional intelligibility and ambience.
The Elgin Theatre was home to The Who's Tommy musical in the mid-1990s. It also housed the world premiere of Napoleon (musical) in 1994. The musical transferred to the West End in 2000. Since 1996, Ross Petty Productions has staged pantomimes at Toronto's Elgin Theatre each Christmas season.
The Elgin Theatre also serves as one of the hosts to the annual Toronto International Film Festival.
Other Thomas W. Lamb theatres in Canada
- De Freitas, Kate. "A Winter Wonderland". Attractions Ontario Staff Blogs. Attractions Ontario. Retrieved 28 May 2010. "... hand painted walls and ceiling canopy of real beech leaves & lanterns."
- Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
- "Ontario Heritage Trust - The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatre Centre - About us". heritagetrust.on.ca. 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Russell, Hillary (1989). 'Double Take: The Story of The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres'. Dundurn Press Limited.
- AES 90th Convention. February 19-22, 1991. David Griesinger, Lexicon. Improving Room Acoustics Through Time-Variant Synthetic Reverberation
- E-coustic Systems. Elgin Theatre
- Flowers, Ellen and Gordon Pim. "The evolution of the panto", Heritage Matters, Ontario Heritage Trust, Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2013, p. 6
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres.|
- Ontario Heritage Trust: The Elgin and Winter Garden Theatre Centre
- Toronto's Historical Plaques - Loew's Yonge Street and Winter Garden Theatres
- Toronto's Historical Plaques -Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres
- Heritage Property Detail for 189 Yonge Street