|Rabbi Eli Casdan MA|
|Birth name||Eli "Yiddle" Cashdan|
|Born||1 June 1905
Starye Dorogi, Minsk, Belarus
|Died||14 November 1998
|Alma mater||Liverpool Yeshiva, Liverpool, London University|
Eli Cashdan (in Hebrew יהודה (בר יוסף דב) כשד"ן, in Yiddish יודל כשדן or Yiddle) 1 June 1905 – 14 November 1998) was a rabbi in the UK. He was a chaplain in the Royal Air Force during World War II, a senior lecturer at Jews' College and wrote a number of important books of Jewish interest.
Biography and Early Education
Cashdan was born in Starye Dorogi, Minsk, (then Russia and now) Belarus, the fifth child of Joseph and Bessie Cashdan. He came to Liverpool, UK in 1905, when 3 months old, with his mother and four siblings. (His father, Rabbi Joseph Cashdan, had came to the UK at an earlier date and worked in Liverpool as a rabbi and shohet).
Eli, after attending school (at one of first Jewish day schools in the UK, run by Dr S. Fox), went on to study at Liverpool Yeshiva (Liverpool Talmudical College; Yeshiva Torat Chaim) where he gained semikha from Rabbi Mordechai Yaacov Krasner at the very young age of 17. Cashdan studied law at London University and also attended Jews' College where in 1927 he obtained a first class honours degree in Semitics. He continued his law studies and was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1933. Cashdan also received an M.A. degree in Semitics from London University.
In December 1930 Cashdan married Minnie Cohen  whom he had met at the Rosh Pinah Youth Group he had set up. She was the elder daughter of Hyman Cohen (a businessman) and his wife, Clara, and they had two children, Basil (now deceased) and Evelyn. For some years the Cashdans lived in Hove, Sussex, after his appointment in 1956 to Jews' College he moved back to London and lived until his death in Hendon. Cashdan was a bibliophile and had an extensive collection of books of Jewish interest.
Military career and Rabbinical and academic positions
In 1941 Cashdan joined the Royal Air Force and he served as senior Jewish chaplain in Middle East until he was discharged in 1946 with the rank of wing commander. He took up an educational post as headmaster of the local Hebrew classes in Hove, Sussex until 1950 when he was appointed senior lecturer at Jews' College. Teaching Semitics and other Jewish academic subjects in Jews' College until his retirement in 1975, a generation of British Rabbis passed through his hands, including the late Chief Rabbi, Lord Jakobovits and the current Chief Rabbi, Lord Sacks. Cashdan was a regular and popular teacher at the summer and winter schools of Jewish Youth Study Groups. Cashdan never served as a communal rabbi and although he had semikha he did not use the title rabbi until later on in his life.
Cashdan was one of a group of Anglo-Jewish scholars who worked for Soncino and he contributed to the Books of the Bible series and the Soncino Press Babylonian Talmud. Cashdan wrote the introduction and commentary for the last three of the Minor Prophets: Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. He translated and annotated Tractates Hullin and Menahot and, from the Minor Tractates (Hebrew: מסכתות קטנות, Masekhtot Ketanoth), Avoth DeRabbi Nathan.
In 1997 Cashdan published a new translation for the Psalms. Chief Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks wrote in the foreword to the translation, "Simple, direct, lucid and intelligible....it will allow these masterpieces of religious poetry to speak with their ageless power to a new generation".
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Cashdan, Eli. Zechariah with Hebrew text English translation and Introduction. The Soncino Press. ISBN 1-871055-80-6.
- Cohen, Abraham; Rosenberg, A.J. (eds.). Soncino Twelve Prophets. The Soncino Press. ISBN 1-871055-80-6.
- Epstein, Isidore (ed.). Soncino Talmud (27 vol. set). The Soncino Press. ISBN 978-1-871055-50-4.
- Cashdan, Eli. 'Aboth d'Rabbi Nathan, translated into English with Introduction and Notes, in The Minor Tractates of the Talmud,. The Soncino Press.
- Cashdan, Eli (1990). The Authorised Daily Prayer Book of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth סדר תפלות כל השנה. Singer's Prayer Book Publication Committee.
- Cashdan, Eli (1997). The Book of Psalms - Sefer Tehillim. Minerva Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1-86106-324-3.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2011)|
- "Rabbi Eli Cashdan (obituary)". Jewish Chronicle. 4 December 1998.
- Martin, Edna (18 December 1998). "A scholar to remember (interview published posthumously)". London Jewish News.