Elie A. F. La Vallette
|Elie Augustus Frederick La Vallette|
May 3, 1790|
|Died||November 18, 1862
Philadelphia Naval Yard Hospital
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1812–1862|
|Commands held||USS Despatch
|Battles/wars||War of 1812
Elie Augustus Frederick La Vallette (3 May 1790 – 18 November 1862) was one of the first rear admirals appointed in the United States Navy when President Abraham Lincoln created the rank in July 1862.
La Vallette was born in Alexandria, Virginia, to a distinguished family of French origin, and at the age of 10 accompanied his father, a chaplain, on a cruise in the frigate Philadelphia, commanded by Stephen Decatur, Sr.
After serving the merchant marine, La Vallette entered the Navy on June 25, 1812, as sailing master. On September 11, 1814, he was an acting lieutenant aboard the corvette Saratoga, the flagship of Commodore Thomas Macdonough at the Battle of Lake Champlain, where the British were defeated in a decisive engagement of the War of 1812. La Vallette distinguished himself during the battle, winning promotion and a medal. He received his commission as lieutenant on December 9, 1814.
La Vallette's first command came in June 1817, taking the schooner Despatch on a survey of Virginia's coast and harbors. He then served on a number of larger ships, and in 1824 was assigned to Constitution. While on duty in the Mediterranean, he was acting captain for several months, and served on the ship until 1828.
After leaving Constitution, La Vallette held a series of routine assignments, before being ordered to take the sloop-of-war Fairfield to Guayaquil, Ecuador, to protect the United States interests during a revolution. He sailed from the United States in May 1833, rounding Cape Horn, and finally reaching Guayaquil in February 1834. After receiving assurances that American lives and property would be protected, he returned home, making the voyage from Valparaíso to Hampton Roads in a little more than two months.
During the Mexican–American War (1846–1848) Lavallette commanded the frigates Independence and the Congress, directing operations against Guaymas in the Gulf of California on 19–20 November 1847. For a time in 1848, he served as Military Governor of Mazatlán, and the crew of the Congress comprised the occupying garrison. In the 1850s he commanded the Africa and Mediterranean Squadrons.
Namesakes and honors
- "La Vallette". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Rear Admiral Elie A.F. La Vallette, USN (1790–1862)". destroyerhistory.org. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "US Navy Officers: 1775-1900 (L)". history.navy.mil. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Lavallette, New Jersey". lavallette.com. Retrieved July 19, 2007.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.