Eliezer Berland

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Rabbi Eliezer Berland
Position Rosh Yeshiva
Yeshiva Shuvu Bonim
Personal details
Birth name Eliezer Berland
Born Haifa, Israel
Nationality Israeli
Residence Amsterdam, Netherlands
Spouse Tehilla
Alma mater Knesses Chizkiyahu and Ponevezh Yeshiva

Eliezer Berland (born 1937) is an Israeli Orthodox Jewish rabbi and rosh yeshiva affiliated with the Breslov Hasidic movement in Israel. As rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Shuvu Bonim (also known as Yeshivat Nechamat Zion) in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem, he has counseled and guided tens of thousands of Jews from secular backgrounds to draw closer to the Torah path.[1] The movement is seen by some as a sect.[2] Berland is a member of Vaad Olami D'Chasedai Breslov (World Committee of Breslov Chassidim), a supervisory council for many Breslov activities.[3]

Early life[edit]

Rabbi Berland was born in Haifa in 1937. While still a youth, he was recognized as a gifted student. He studied at the Knesses Chizkiyahu yeshiva in Kfar Hasidim under Rabbi Elyah Lopian and Rabbi Dov Yaffe. After his marriage to his wife, Tehilla, niece of Israeli Member of Knesset Shalom-Avraham Shaki,[4] Rabbi Berland joined the Ponevezh Yeshiva kollel and, later, the Volozhin Kollel in Bnei Brak. He was a chavruta (study partner) with Rabbi Yaakov Yisrael Kanievsky, known as the Steipler Gaon.[3]

Rabbi Eliezer Berland (on the left, holding a cup) with rabbi Ofer Erez

After coming into contact with Breslover Hasidim, he developed a close relationship with Rabbi Levi Yitzchok Bender, as well as elder Breslovers of the previous generation such as Rabbi Shmuel Shapira and Hirsh Leib Lippel.

Noted students[edit]

Among his students is Rabbi Shalom Arush, rosh yeshiva of Chut Shel Chessed Yeshiva of Jerusalem and a popular speaker and author on Breslov topics.[5]

Controversies[edit]

Allegations that Rabbi Berland has committed sexual offenses against female followers have been published.[6] Several women reported that the rabbi sexually harassed or raped them. The allegations came to light in 2012, when the newspaper Israel Hayom reported an incident in which one of Berland's students encountered him at home, standing beside a naked woman. His supporters expressed anger over the report, and the person who leaked the story to the media was later violently attacked.[7]

According to Berland's followers, the accusations were made by relatives of the rabbi's enemies.[8]

After the police opened an investigation, Berland immediately fled Israel, and spent time in the United States, Italy, and Switzerland. He then left for Morocco, settling in Marrakesh.[9] Berland lived in Marrakesh for seven months, and was welcomed by the small Moroccan Jewish community. He intended to establish a kehilla in Marrakesh based on the Shuvu Banim yeshiva, and planned on building a community center, educational institutions, and apartments for his followers. Thousands of his followers began travelling to Marrakesh to celebrate holidays and commemorate events with him, and some took up residency there to stay with him. In November 2013, Berland and his students were ordered to leave Morocco after King Mohammed VI personally ordered their expulsion from the country. According to news reports, a Moroccan newspaper had published an article profiling the rabbi and mentioning the circumstances in which he fled Israel, and the king ordered Berland's expulsion after reading the article. Berland's followers claimed that the king was merely concerned for their safety, as they were Hasidic Jews living in a Muslim country.[7][10][11] Berland is thought to have left Morocco for Cairo, Egypt. He reportedly bought tickets for various destinations to confuse pursuers, considered between taking a flight to Zimbabwe or Venezuela, and in the end chose Zimbabwe. From there, he allegedly took a flight to Johannesburg, South Africa, where he was taken in by a relative.[12] From there, Berland flew to Zimbabwe, reportedly in a private jet owned by a wealthy follower. He lived in an upscale hotel room in Bulawayo, and led worship services for members of the small Zimbabwean Jewish community in a synagogue in the Bulawayo suburb of Khumalo. He was joined by some of his followers, and also hired two attorneys in Israel due to the possibility of being forced to return to Israel if his options ran out. On April 7, 2014, police raided the hotel room Berland was staying in, and found him with some followers from Israel. After it was established that his visitor's visa had expired, he was arrested and charged with remaining in Zimbabwe without a permit. He pled guilty before a magistrate judge, and was remanded to custody. He was also reportedly questioned over the sexual assault allegations.[13][14] A magistrate judge gave him a choice between paying a $200 fine or three months in prison, and ordered him expelled. Berland paid the fine and left for South Africa, returning to Johannesburg.[15][16] He was arrested at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol on 11 September 2014.[17]

Shortly after his detention, Berland was released. A Dutch court ruled against his extradition after it was shown that there was no active arrest warrant for him in Israel. The Israeli Police confirmed that he was only wanted for questioning, and there was no warrant. The judge ruled that the Israeli authorities had failed to meet the burden of proof, and that the Israeli Police would have to obtain an arrest warrant from an Israeli court before stating extradition proceedings. In an interview with Israeli media shortly after his release, Berland claimed that the police had told him that the claims were nonsense, and a follower claimed that the Israeli media outlets which originally reported the allegations were now treating them as untrue in their more recent broadcasts. Israel and the Netherlands are currently engaged in extradition talks over Berland, while in the meantime, he has been granted freedom of movement rights throughout the European Union while his case is pending.[8][18]

After the court ruling, 300 supporters came to see him, and Berland hosted a reception for them on a Jewish-owned camping site on the island of Texel. The authorities evicted most of them, as the number of supporters rose over the site's capacity.[19]

On December 1, 2014, Berland's extradition was further delayed by a Dutch court due to new evidence submitted by his defense.[20]

On February 12, 2015, his extradition to Israel was ordered by a Dutch court. The decision to extradite him lies in the hands of the Dutch secretary for Justice, Klaas Dijkhoff.[21] The followers of Berland later tried to install themselves in a camping in Susteren, but it was full. 250 people were lodging in a vacant youth hostel in Oldebroek, until the mayor ordered them to leave on May 3, 2015 because of inhumane circumstances[22] and fire hazards.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rabbi Eliezer Berland shlit"a". Shuvu Bonim. 1999. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Effting, Maud (7 October 2014). "Riot around Sex rabbi: Is it a fornication drama or witch hunt?". De Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Information About Vaad Olami D'Chasedai Breslov (World Committee of Breslov Chassidim)". Friends of Breslov Boston. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "Shuvu Banim: Portrait of Perilous Extremism". Keshev.org. November 1999. p. 6. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Ettinger, Yair (6 October 2006). "Bratslav's Tower of Babel". Haaretz. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Rotem, Tamar (22 March 2013). "What does it take for a woman to accuse her rabbi of sexual harassment?". Haaretz. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Rabbi accused of sex-abuse ordered out of Morocco - Israel Hayom.
  8. ^ a b http://www.sajr.co.za/news-and-articles/2014/09/15/they-have-nothing!-says-rabbi-berland
  9. ^ גלהר, ארי (9 April 2013). "הרב אליעזר ברלנד ברח למרוקו". מעריב. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Morocco expels fugitive Israeli rabbi - Haaretz
  11. ^ שטרנהרץ, נחמן. "עקב הוראות השלטון: הרב אליעזר ברלנד עזב את מרוקו". כיכר השבת. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.nrg.co.il/online/11/ART2/520/747.html?hp=1&cat=1102&loc=16
  13. ^ End of the road for fugitive rabbi
  14. ^ Berland questioned in Zimbabwe
  15. ^ Bye Rabbi: ‘Sex pest’ Israeli cleric deported
  16. ^ Fugitive Israeli rabbi flees to South Africa
  17. ^ Haim Lev and Ari Soffer (11 September 2014). "After Two Years on the Run, Fugitive Rabbi Nabbed in Holland". Israel National News.com. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  18. ^ http://www.sajr.co.za/opinion/surveys-most-commented-stories/2014/09/14/r-berland-a-free-man-in-amsterdam
  19. ^ Dutch court to decide on fate of fugitive Orthodox rabbi wanted for sex crimes
  20. ^ http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2014/12/israeli-sex-case-rabbi-extradition-delayed-by-new-evidence.php/
  21. ^ http://www.nu.nl/binnenland/3991481/omstreden-rabbijn-mag-worden-uitgeleverd-israel.html
  22. ^ "Followers of controversial Rabbi leave Oldebroek" (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "Part of followers of rabbi left the youth hostel" (in Dutch). Reformatorisch Dagblad. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 

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